- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Theorizing Gender-and-Organization: Changing Times…Changing Theories?
- Disturbing Thoughts and Gendered Practices: A Discursive Review of Feminist Organizational Analysis
- Organizations as Symbolic Gendered Orders
- Was will der Mann?
- Feminism, Post-Feminism, and Emerging Femininities in Entrepreneurship
- ‘Meaning That Matters’: An Organizational Communication Perspective on Gender, Discourse, and Materiality
- Female Advantage: Revisited
- The Rocky Climb: Women’s Advancement in Management
- Leadership: A Matter of Gender?
- Negative Intra-Gender Relations between Women: Friendship, Competition, and Female Misogyny
- Sex, Gender, and Leadership: What Do Four Decades of Research Tell Us?
- Gendered Constructions of Merit and Impression Management within Professional Service Firms
- Gender and Careers: Obstacles and Opportunities
- The Glass Cliff: Examining Why Women Occupy Leadership Positions in Precarious Circumstances
- Power and Resistance in Gender Equality Strategies: Comparing Quotas and Small Wins
- Sexual Harassment in the Workplace
- Organizational Culture, Work Investments, and the Careers of Men: Disadvantages to Women?
- Challenging Gender Boundaries: Pressures and Constraints on Women in Non-Traditional Occupations
- Contextualizing Men, Masculinities, Leadership, and Management: Gender/Intersectionalities, Local/Transnational, Embodied/Virtual, Theory/Practice
- Masculinities in Management: Hidden, Invisible, and Persistent
- Masculinity and Sexuality at Work: Incorporating Gay and Bisexual Men’s Perspectives
- Doing Gender Differently: Men in Caring Occupations
- Masculinity in the Financial Sector
- Masculinities in Multinationals
Abstract and Keywords
Gender is one of the most powerful of symbols; indeed, the very word ‘gender’ encapsulates all the symbols that a culture elaborates to account for biological difference. Therefore a symbolist approach is particularly able to grasp the ambiguity of gender relations, since the function of a symbol is to express a polysemy, to contain and to convey ambiguity. The contribution of organizational symbolism to the analysis of gender as a social practice highlights both how gender is ‘done’ at work, and how organizations ‘do’ gender. Both play an active role in gender performativity trough the interplay of ceremonial and remedial work underpinning the symbolic ordering of an organizational culture. Gender symbolism is maintained, reproduced and culturally transmitted through the ceremonial work that takes places within organizations, while remedial work restores the symbolic order of gender following instances when it has been challenged.
Silvia Gherardi is Full Professor of Sociology of Work and Organization at the University of Trento, Italy, where she is responsible for the Research Unit on Communication, Organizational Learning, and Aesthetics (RUCOLA). Her research activities focus on practice-based studies and her theoretical background is in qualitative sociology, organizational symbolism, and feminist studies.
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