- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Theorizing Gender-and-Organization: Changing Times…Changing Theories?
- Disturbing Thoughts and Gendered Practices: A Discursive Review of Feminist Organizational Analysis
- Organizations as Symbolic Gendered Orders
- Was will der Mann?
- Feminism, Post-Feminism, and Emerging Femininities in Entrepreneurship
- ‘Meaning That Matters’: An Organizational Communication Perspective on Gender, Discourse, and Materiality
- Female Advantage: Revisited
- The Rocky Climb: Women’s Advancement in Management
- Leadership: A Matter of Gender?
- Negative Intra-Gender Relations between Women: Friendship, Competition, and Female Misogyny
- Sex, Gender, and Leadership: What Do Four Decades of Research Tell Us?
- Gendered Constructions of Merit and Impression Management within Professional Service Firms
- Gender and Careers: Obstacles and Opportunities
- The Glass Cliff: Examining Why Women Occupy Leadership Positions in Precarious Circumstances
- Power and Resistance in Gender Equality Strategies: Comparing Quotas and Small Wins
- Sexual Harassment in the Workplace
- Organizational Culture, Work Investments, and the Careers of Men: Disadvantages to Women?
- Challenging Gender Boundaries: Pressures and Constraints on Women in Non-Traditional Occupations
- Contextualizing Men, Masculinities, Leadership, and Management: Gender/Intersectionalities, Local/Transnational, Embodied/Virtual, Theory/Practice
- Masculinities in Management: Hidden, Invisible, and Persistent
- Masculinity and Sexuality at Work: Incorporating Gay and Bisexual Men’s Perspectives
- Doing Gender Differently: Men in Caring Occupations
- Masculinity in the Financial Sector
- Masculinities in Multinationals
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter is about women who have broken into non-traditional, male-dominated work. The overall aim of the chapter is to examine and analyse common pressures and constraints these women experience. These are particularly identified around three areas: the continuing over-representation of women in domestic responsibilities and its impact on their perceived professionalism; structural barriers in the way the occupations are performed; and finally hostile cultural environments within the workplace. It will use four exemplars of non-traditional occupations where the author has conducted qualitative empirical research; Civil Service management, academia, construction engineering, and the priesthood in the Church of England. The Civil Service was feminized but men retained the management of it; academia has been identified as one of the last bastions of male power; construction is the most male occupation after coal mining; and the Church of England refused to ordain women as priests until the 1990s.
Barbara Bagilhole is Professor of Equal Opportunities and Social Policy at Loughborough University. She has researched and published extensively on gender, race, disability, sexual orientation, religion or belief, age, and intersectionality. Her most recent books are Gender, Power and Management (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011) and Understanding Equal Opportunities and Diversity (The Policy Press, 2009).
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