(p. xvii) List of Contributors
(p. xvii) List of Contributors
Terhi Ainiala is University Lecturer in Finnish Language at the University of Helsinki. After her doctoral dissertation on Finnish place-names in change (1997), her research has been focused on socio-onomastics and place-naming. She is one of the three authors of Names in Focus: An Introduction to Finnish Onomastics (2012).
Emilia Aldrin is Senior Lecturer at Halmstad University, Sweden. She received a PhD in Scandinavian Languages from the University of Uppsala in 2011. She has published a monograph on the choice of first names as an act of identity, Namnval som social handling [Naming as a social act] (Uppsala University Press, 2011), as well as a number of articles on the subject. Her research interests also include socio-onomastics and anthroponyms.
Katarzyna Aleksiejuk is a graduate of the University of Białystok, where she studied Russian philology. Her Master’s thesis addressed anthroponymy in the town of Narew during the sixteenth century. Her main interests lie in anthroponomastics, especially Slavonic anthroponymy, from both historical and contemporary perspectives, as well as internet linguistics. She is currently a PhD student at the University of Edinburgh, where she is analysing usernames on RuNet (the Russian internet) from a socio-onomastic perspective.
Marc Alexander is Senior Lecturer in Semantics and Lexicology at the University of Glasgow. His work primarily focuses on digital humanities and the study of meaning in English, with a focus on lexicology, semantics, and stylistics through cognitive and corpus linguistics. He is Director of the Historical Thesaurus of English, and works mainly on applications of the Thesaurus in digital humanities, most recently through the AHRC/ESRC-funded SAMUELS and Mapping Metaphor projects. He also directs the STELLA Digital Humanities lab at Glasgow.
Ellen S. Bramwell is Research Associate at the University of Glasgow. Her PhD, awarded in 2012, examined personal naming practices in five communities within Scotland with differing social profiles, including both immigrant and indigenous communities. In addition to research into anthroponymy, she works on semantics and lexicography with a particular interest in conceptual metaphor.
Serge Brédart is Professor in the Cognitive Psychology Unit at the University of Liège (Belgium). His research bears upon the processes involved during the identification of (p. xviii) familiar persons, including person naming. In his more recent work, he has investigated different aspects of self-related cognition such as self-recognition and self-reference effects in memory.
Stefan Brink is Sixth Century Professor of Scandinavian Studies, Adjunct Professor of Archaeology, and Director of the Centre for Scandinavian Studies at the University of Aberdeen. He is also Docent (Associate Professor) of Scandinavian Languages, especially Onomastics, at Uppsala University, Fellow of The Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities, Stockholm, and Fellow of The Royal Gustavus Adolphus Academy for Swedish Folk Culture, Uppsala.
Eva Brylla† was Docent (Senior Lecturer) in Scandinavian Languages at Uppsala University, specializing in name research. Her doctoral thesis was on the inflection of place-names in Old Swedish, and she published extensively on both place-names and personal names. She was formerly the Head of the Department of Names at the Institute of Language and Folklore Research in Uppsala. Her death in March 2015 was a great loss to scholarship as well as to her family, colleagues, and friends.
Paul Cavill teaches Old English at the University of Nottingham. He is Editor of the Journal of the English Place-Name Society. He is author of many essays and several monographs on Old English literature including Maxims in Old English Poetry (1999), and, most recently, articles on the Battle of Brunanburh. He has edited The Christian Tradition in Anglo-Saxon England (2004) and co-edited Language Contact in the Place-Names of Britain and Ireland (2007).
Richard Coates is Professor of Linguistics/Onomastics at the University of the West of England, Bristol, Honorary Director of the Survey of English Place-Names, and principal investigator of the Family Names of the United Kingdom project (2010–16). He has special interests in the philological origins of place-names and surnames, especially in England, and also in the linguistic theory of names and naming, being responsible for The Pragmatic Theory of Properhood.
Elwys De Stefani is Professor of Italian Linguistics and Director of the research unit Multimodality, Interaction & Discourse (MIDI) at KU Leuven, Belgium. His research interests range from historical onomastics to the analysis of naturally occurring interactions. His previous academic appointments include the Universities of Basel, Neuchâtel, Berne (Switzerland), the University of Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany), and the University of Lyon 2 (France).
Peter Drummond has an MSc by Research from Edinburgh University on the hill-names of southern Scotland, and a PhD on place-names in the upper Kelvin basin from Glasgow University. He is the author of Place-Names of the Monklands (1982) and Scottish Hill Names (2007), and co-author of Pentland Place-Names (2011). He is also a leading member of the Scottish Place-Name Society.
(p. xix) Birgit Falck-Kjällquist is Senior Lecturer and was previously employed at the Institute for Languages and Folklore, Department of Onomastics in Uppsala, later Archive Manager of the Department of Dialectology, Onomastics and Folklore Research in Gothenburg. She has also been Editor at the Board of the Swedish Academy Dictionary. She is now working on linguistic interpretations of place-names designating lakes, rivers, mountains, and so on, including minor names. Her research interests also include coastal names and literary onomastics.
Gillian Fellows-Jensen is Reader Emerita in Name Studies at the Department of Scandinavian Research of the University of Copenhagen, where she taught from 1961 to 2003. She has published widely in the field of place-names and is still actively interested in settlement history in the British Isles and Normandy, as well as in the care and conservation of manuscripts.
Peder Gammeltoft has researched place-names since 1996, focussing on place-names of Scandinavian origin outside of Scandinavia. His major contributions include a survey of the Old Norse place-name element bólstaðr, regional studies of place-names containing Old Norse tóft in the former Viking-Age colonies, island names, and managing the digitization of the Danish place-name collections. He also takes an active part in the standardization of place-names through the Danish Place-Name Commission and UNGEGN.
Alison Grant has a PhD in place-names and language contact from the University of Glasgow. She is Senior Editor with Scottish Language Dictionaries in Edinburgh, and is currently working on the revision of the Concise Scots Dictionary. She is also the Convener of the Scottish Place-Name Society, and is the author of The Pocket Guide to Scottish Place-Names.
Patrick Hanks is Lead Researcher on the Family Names Project at the University of the West of England. He is Editor-in-chief of the Dictionary of American Family Names and the forthcoming Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland (both Oxford University Press). He is co-author of the Oxford Dictionary of First Names. In addition, he holds a part-time position as Professor in Lexicography at the University of Wolverhampton. From 1990 to 2000 he was Chief Editor of Current English Dictionaries at Oxford University Press.
Carole Hough is Professor of Onomastics at the University of Glasgow. Her research interests include Scottish and English place-names and personal names, names in literature, and onomastic theory. She has around 300 publications on these and other topics. A former President of the International Council of Onomastic Sciences and Convener of the Scottish Place-Name Society, she is currently President of the International Society of Anglo-Saxonists, Vice-President of the Society for Name Studies in Britain and Ireland, and a Council Member of the English Place-Name Society.
(p. xx) Malcolm Jones retired from the School of English at Sheffield University in 2010. Before joining the university he had worked as a lexicographer and museum curator. To date he has published two books concerned with art history: The Secret Middle Ages (2002), and The Print in Early Modern England (2010), and he is currently working on a book on Gaelic place-names and their associated folklore.
Richard Jones is Senior Lecturer in Landscape History based in the Centre for English Local History, University of Leicester. His research focuses on the rural communities and environments of medieval England. His books include Medieval Villages in an English Landscape: Beginnings and Ends (2006), Thorps in a Changing Landscape (2011), Manure Matters: Historical, Archaeological and Ethnographic Perspectives (2012), Sense of Place in Anglo-Saxon England (2012), and The Medieval Natural World (2013).
Andreas H. Jucker is Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences and Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Zurich. His current research interests include historical pragmatics, politeness theory, speech act theory, and the grammar and history of English. His recent publications include English Historical Pragmatics (Edinburgh University Press, 2013) co-authored with Irma Taavitsainen and Diachronic Corpus Pragmatics (Benjamins, 2014) co-edited with Irma Taavitsainen and Jukka Tuominen.
Adrian Koopman is Professor Emeritus of the University of KwaZulu-Natal in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. He has taught Zulu linguistics and literature for over thirty-five years but his major research interest has always been in onomastics. He is currently the President of the Names Society of Southern Africa, and the Editor of its journal Nomina Africana, and has served on the Executive of the International Council of Onomastic Sciences, including being Vice-President from 2008 to 2010.
Laura Kostanski is the CEO and Director of Geonaming Solutions Pty Ltd. She holds a PhD in Geography and History, a Graduate Certificate in Tertiary Education and a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Linguistics and History. Her professional and research interests centre on developing robust geospatial, addressing, and geographic naming policies and systems for government and private clients at national and international levels.
Julia Kuhn is full Professor of Romance Linguistics at the Friedrich Schiller Universität Jena, Germany. Her main research interests are Onomastics, Discourse Analysis, Construction Grammar and Systemic Linguistics. From 2005 to 2011 she was a member of the Board of Directors of the International Council of Onomastic Sciences, and a member of the editorial boards of the journals Namenkundliche Informationen and Onoma. She worked on the project St. Galler Namenbuch initiated by Gerold Hilty and Hans Stricker, University of Zürich, Switzerland, and for the Lexikon der schweizerischen Gemeindenamen edited by Andres Kristol, University of Neuchatel, Switzerland. She has published numerous articles and books on onomastic subjects.
(p. xxi) Edwin D. Lawson is Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the State University of New York, Fredonia. His doctorate is from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Before coming to Fredonia, he taught at the State University of New York, Albany, and Acadia University, Nova Scotia. He has published many articles in social psychology and also in onomastics. Work in onomastics has included annotated bibliographies and several names websites.
Katharina Leibring received her PhD in Scandinavian Studies at the University of Uppsala in 2000, and became Reader at the same university in 2006. She is currently employed as Senior Research Archivist at the Department of Onomastics, Institute for language and folklore in Uppsala. Her main research interests include animal names, personal names, and contemporary name-giving. She is an editor of Studia anthroponymica Scandinavica and is a former member of the Board of Directors of the International Council of Onomastic Sciences.
Kay Muhr read Celtic Studies at Edinburgh 1966–70 and gained a PhD on Gaelic literature from the same university. After postgraduate fellowships in Cambridge, Dublin, and Queen’s University Belfast, she became Senior Researcher of the Northern Ireland Place-Name Project in Irish & Celtic Studies, from its foundation in 1987 until 2010. A former president of the Society for Name Studies in Britain and Ireland, and chairman of the Ulster Place-Name Society, she is now a private scholar.
Bertie Neethling is currently Senior Emeritus Professor at the University of the Western Cape in South Africa. His research interests vary, but he has lately focused entirely on onomastics. Contributions have been on anthroponymy (first names, family names, bynames), toponymy (street names, school names), names in the economy, names in songs, and animal names. His most significant publication is the monograph Naming among the Xhosa of South Africa (Edwin Mellen Press, 2005).
Staffan Nyström is Professor (chair) in Scandinavian Onomastics at Uppsala University, Sweden. He is active in the Place Names Advisory Board of Sweden (member), the Name Drafting Committee of Stockholm (chair), the Place Name Society of Uppsala (chair), the International Council of Onomastic Sciences (treasurer), and United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (convenor of its working group on toponymic terminology). His research interests include field names, microtoponymy, urban names, national and international name standardization, and name theory.
Harry Parkin is Research Associate on the Family Names Project at the University of the West of England, Bristol. He is a linguist with particular interests in the history of English surnames, the methodology of surname research, and the use of historical onomastic data in philology, demography, and Middle English dialectology.
Guy Puzey is a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, where he also teaches Norwegian and works as a course organizer for lifelong learning courses in Germanic and Slavonic languages. In the field of language policy, he has carried out extensive research on the relative visibility of languages in public spaces and language (p. xxii) activism, while in critical toponomastic studies, he has incorporated the linguistic landscape approach into studies of power and place-naming.
George Redmonds works as a freelance historian in Yorkshire, specializing in Name Studies, Language and Local History. He has lectured widely in Europe, North America, Australia, and New Zealand, and in 2001 presented the BBC Radio 4 series Surnames. Genes and Genealogy. His numerous books include Surnames and Genealogy (1997) and Christian Names in Local and Family History (2004). In 2011 he co-authored Surnames, DNA, and Family History with Turi King and David Hey.
Berit Sandnes wrote her doctoral thesis on Old Norse place-names in Orkney with special focus on contact linguistic aspects. She has worked with Onomastics in Norway and Denmark. Since 2006, she has been Research Archivist at the Institute for Language and Folklore, Department of Dialectology in Lund, Sweden. One area of interest is how speakers interpret and adapt names.
Margaret Scott is Lecturer in English Literature and English Language at the University of Salford. She formerly worked as a lexicographer for the Historical Thesaurus of English at the University of Glasgow, the Oxford English Dictionary, and Scottish Language Dictionaries in Edinburgh. She edited Nomina, the journal of the Society for Name Studies in Britain and Ireland, from 2008 to 2013. Her research interests include Onomastics and the History and Lexicography of English and Scots.
Paula Sjöblom is Senior Lecturer and Docent in Finnish language at the University of Turku, Finland. Her main interests are in commercial naming, theoretical and methodological questions of onomastics, cognitive linguistics, text linguistics, and business language. Her doctoral thesis (2006) on Finnish company names presents new methods for name studies. She is one of the three authors of Names in Focus (2012), and she has published a number of scholarly articles about commercial naming and name theory.
Grant W. Smith is Professor of English and Coordinator of Humanities at Eastern Washington University. He has served as President of the American Name Society, Vice President of the International Council of Onomastic Sciences, Regional Secretary for the American Dialect Society, and is a long-time member of the Washington Board on Geographic Names. His current scholarship emphasizes literary onomastics, especially Shakespeare, but previous publications include American Indian languages and the emotive effects of language sounds.
Svante Strandberg presented his doctoral thesis at Uppsala University in 1991: Studier över sörmländska sjönamn: Etymologi, namnbildning och formutveckling (‘Studies of Södermanland lake names: Etymology, name formation and morphological development’). From 1994 to 2007 he held the chair of Scandinavian Languages, especially Onomastics, at Uppsala University. Since 2006 he has been the Editor of the journal Namn och bygd. He has published a large number of articles, many of them dealing with hydronyms.
(p. xxiii) Irma Taavitsainen is Professor Emerita of English Philology at the University of Helsinki. Her interests cover historical pragmatics and corpus linguistics, genre studies and historical discourse analysis. She has published widely in these fields. Her most recent co-edited volume is Developments in English: Expanding Electronic Evidence (Cambridge University Press, 2015) with Merja Kytö, Claudia Claridge, and Jeremy Smith. Her research team has produced two electronic corpora, and a third, Late Modern English Medical Texts 1700–1800, is under way.
Simon Taylor is Lecturer at the University of Glasgow specializing in Scottish toponymics. He has published extensively on the subject including five volumes of the place-names of Fife (2006–12) and individual volumes on the place-names of Kinross-shire and Clackmannanshire (forthcoming). He co-founded the Scottish Place-Name Society in 1996. He has been Editor of the annual Journal of Scottish Name Studies since its inception in 2007, the first academic, peer-reviewed publication devoted to Scottish onomastics.
Andreas Teutsch worked as a translator for a French company in the automotive sector, after graduating in Applied Linguistics and Cultural Studies. In 2001 he joined the trademark department of the Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property in Berne as a linguistic consultant and trademark examiner. In 2007 he received his PhD in General Linguistics. His main fields of research are language and law as well as onomastics with special focus on product names.
Karina van Dalen-Oskam’s research interests focus on the digital and computational humanities, especially on stylometry and (comparative) literary onomastics. She is head of the department of Literary Studies at Huygens Institute for the History of the Netherlands (Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences) and Professor of Computational Literary Studies at the University of Amsterdam. She is currently president of EADH, the European Association for Digital Humanities.
Mark Van de Velde is a researcher at Llacan, a research lab of CNRS dedicated to the study of African languages, where he is currently Deputy Director. He is interested in linguistic typology, linguistic documentation, and especially the grammatical analysis of previously undescribed sub-Saharan languages. Traditionally a specialist in the Bantu languages, he has recently started working on the Adamawa languages of Nigeria.
Willy Van Langendonck was Professor of Linguistics at the University of Leuven until 2003. He started as a structuralist, became a generativist, turned to Generative Semantics, and became interested in cognitive linguistic theories. His research interests include markedness and iconicity, reference and semantics (especially proper names), grammatical categories such as definiteness, genericness, number, grammatical relations, prepositions, dependency syntax, and word-order. He has published widely on proper names.