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date: 25 January 2020

(p. 769) Index of Languages

(p. 769) Index of Languages

African American 491
Afrikaans 92, 149, 150, 155, 259 n. 6, 262, 311, 464, 620
American English 428, 435, 491, 499
Aramaic 170, 180
Akkadian 170
American Indian 117, 169, 307, 342, 551, 552
Anglo-Norman French 221
Australian aboriginal 123, 225, 415, 640
Austronesian 128
Baltic 107, 108, 209, 232
Balto-Finnic 202
Balto-Slavonic 201
Basque 174, 232, 529
Bantu 17, 21, 24, 25, 34–5, 35–6, 37
Breton 174
British, Brittonic 71, 81, 88, 99, 119, 528, 537, 542, 545, 546, 548
Bulgarian 206, 622
Burundi 24, 25
Canaanite 170
Catalan 491
Celtic 82, 83, 99, 104, 105, 106, 107, 109, 114, 139, 161, 162, 175, 186, 188, 201, 202, 203, 204, 221, 499, 519, 521–3, 524, 529, 536, 537, 538, 546, 586, 587, 594
Chinese 169, 170, 171–2, 195, 210, 221, 226, 232–3, 459, 631
Chickasaw 307
Choctaw 499
Cornish 528, 640
Corsican 174
Croatian 206
Cumbric, Cumbrian 118, 219, 529
Czech 114, 137, 138, 140, 184, 232
Danish 88, 99, 105, 109, 113, 114, 125, 209, 231, 240, 504, 506, 509, 518, 542, 543, 546
Dutch 19, 21, 30–1, 32, 36–7, 97, 155, 172–4, 230, 237, 259, 352, 447, 448, 449, 499, 500, 547, 552
Early Modern English 432–4
Estonian 97, 169, 178, 406, 561
Eton 37
Ewe 255
Finno-Ugric 201, 202
Flemish 23, 33, 88, 92, 174, 230
French 21, 23, 56, 88, 97, 106, 110, 111, 112, 113, 116, 135, 136, 137, 139, 140, 141, 142, 144, 170, 174–5, 182, 184, 195, 205, 208, 216, 230, 242, 245, 259, 287, 288, 400, 408, 427, 431, 462, 463, 473, 483, 499, 515, 516, 528, 567, 587, 610, 640, 650, 656
Frisian 543
Gallo-Roman 470
Germanic 63 n. 5, 82, 104, 106, 107, 109, 110, 113, 172, 182, 187, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 211, 213, 223, 237, 238, 246, 247, 340–1, 359, 361, 470, 488, 499, 500, 504, 506, 522, 524, 528, 529, 537, 546
Gothic 114
Greek 22, 90, 92, 116, 131, 136, 170, 177–8, 180, 195, 198, 201, 202, 203, 204, 206, 211, 239, 260, 364, 459, 463, 528, 567, 630, 631
Hebrew 170–1, 180, 181, 203, 204, 221, 261, 358, 405, 538, 630, 640
High German 542
Hungarian 170, 178–9, 209, 232, 567
Igbo 255
Illyrian 201, 203
Indian 221, 226
Indian English 435, 436
Indo-European 18, 21, 65, 87, 100, 107–8, 109, 176, 500, 524
Inuit 92
Irish 84, 105, 117, 119, 161, 169, 181, 188, 204, 217–20, 228–9, 274, 406, 529, 537, 559, 585–602; see also Gaelic
Italian 39, 116, 135, 137, 139, 140, 142, 182, 184, 188, 231, 239, 401, 408, 429, 459, 463, 482, 542, 546, 565, 611, 612
Japanese 233, 611
Kirundi 21, 24, 25, 34–5, 36, 37
Korean 233
Kwanyama 255
Lamba 255
Latin 88, 98, 105, 113, 116, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 174, 180, 200, 201, 203, 204, 208, 211, 221, 243, 246, 362, 363, 364, 366, 444–5, 459, 461, 463, 488, 516, 521, 522, 523, 524, 528, 537, 538, 586, 597, 598, 601, 602, 629, 630, 631
Latvian 114, 232
Lithuanian 109, 184, 232, 538
Lombard 401, 404
Low German 246, 542, 543
Macedonian 206, 533
Maltese 170, 181–2
Māori 90, 92, 123, 131, 160, 162, 498
Melanesian 128
Micronesian 128
Middle English 82 n. 23, 216, 220, 221, 223, 240, 243, 286, 290, 361–3, 427, 429, 431–2, 436, 577, 578, 581, 582, 584
Middle German 246
Middle High German 114, 240, 504
Middle Irish 82
Middle Low German 240–1, 246
Namia 26
Neo-Latin 181
Nordic 200, 201, 205, 207, 209, 237, 516–19, 520, 523, 524
Norf’k 404
Norman French 122 n. 9, 216, 222
Norwegian 48, 104, 108, 109, 110, 112, 113, 114, 165, 231, 240, 405, 529, 543, 544, 546, 547
Occitan 139, 140, 404
Old Danish 231, 285, 529, 549
Old French 223, 516, 578, 583
Old Gaelic 71, 72, 82
Old Germanic 200, 211
Old High German 88, 113, 138, 139, 140, 142, 499
(p. 771) Old Latin 109
Old Low German 114
Old Norse 71, 82, 90, 91, 95, 96, 97, 99, 119, 126, 128, 132, 219–20, 223, 336, 340, 499, 500, 541, 544, 546, 547, 548, 549, 613
Old Saxon 499, 504
Old Scandinavian 113, 114, 517, 529, 543
Old Swedish 47, 49, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 240, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247
Old West Scandinavian 239 n. 2, 245–6, 247
Older Scots 496, 573–4, 576–80, 582–3
Orungu 21, 23, 36, 37–8
Panjabi 226
P-Celtic 91, 94, 586
Persian 180, 221, 226, 233, 446
Pictish 71, 72, 81, 82, 94, 95, 528, 542, 543, 447, 448, 449, 538
Polish 21, 109, 137, 138, 170, 183–4, 188, 232, 427, 447–9, 538
Polynesian 128–9, 133, 162
Portuguese 88, 97, 170, 184–6, 195, 198, 232, 546
pre-Celtic 106, 107, 108, 536
pre-Germanic 105, 107, 108, 112, 113, 114
pre-Latin 470
pre-Slavonic 108
Proto-Indo-European 106, 108, 114
Rapa Nui 35
Raeto-Romance 142
Romance 120, 139, 140, 181, 333, 529, 536
Romanian 141
Russian 90, 97, 105, 184, 210, 232, 427, 447–9
Sámi 404, 405, 406, 542, 543, 544, 546–7, 617
Sanskrit 116
Scottish Gaelic see Gaelic
Semitic 170, 180, 203, 528
Serbian 206
Shona 255
Slavic/Slavonic 107, 108, 137, 140, 142, 173, 179, 184, 200, 201, 202, 206, 232, 333, 529, 541, 542, 544, 547, 548, 549, 615, 620
Slovak 138, 184, 206
Slovenian 137, 138, 142, 232
Sorbian 138, 542, 547
South Arabic 170
Spanish 39, 51, 97, 121, 133, 135, 137, 141, 180, 182, 231, 251, 256, 259, 339, 463, 483, 491, 533, 566, 611, 640
Swahili 259
Thracian 203
Tonga 92, 123, 129
Turkic 90
Turkish 206, 210, 214, 221
Ugaritic 170
Ukrainian 273–4
Welsh 90, 119, 174, 181, 186, 188, 215, 219, 220–1, 229, 406, 528, 550, 586, 640, 647
Xhosa 259
Yiddish 180, 221
Yoruba 93, 255, 274