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date: 28 January 2020

(p. 757) Subject Index

(p. 757) Subject Index

acrostic names 181, 191, 359
Adam 358, 362
adaptations 86, 132, 184, 340, 350, 436, 518, 540–53
administration 50, 176, 227, 405, 543, 568; see also civil register
administrative control function 563
administrative purpose 562
advertising 146, 376, 395, 396, 399 n. 3, 409, 425, 453, 455–6, 461, 468, 514, 647, 649, 652
Afrikaner nationalism 149–50
ageing 481
agency 401, 403, 473
agreement 21, 25, 32, 35, 36, 37–8
agriculture 47, 73, 97, 136, 141, 142, 143, 366, 380, 472, 502, 559, 617, 619–20, 626, 627, 628; see also rural names
Air Ministry 607
Air Standards Coordinating Committee 609
airbus 609, 610 n. 5, 614
aircraft
names 605–14
registrations and serial numbers 612
Albania 210
aliases 227–8, 281, 287, 288, 289, 290, 332, 443, 447, 449, 577
allegory 308, 358, 361, 363, 367
allethnonym 258
alliteration 202, 311, 313, 318, 325, 359, 362, 431, 432, 608
alternative names 116, 262, 405, 542, 552
alteuropäische Hydronymie, see Old European hydronomy
analogy 45, 46, 72, 111, 113, 158–66, 463, 498, 517, 518, 520, 527, 531, 587, 594, 652
anaphoricity 22, 23–4, 30, 38
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 356, 468
animal names 33, 40, 48, 93, 171, 332, 335, 463, 579, 615–27
as aircraft names 606
as anthroponyms 173, 176, 245, 246, 336
as ship names 658
as communicators 621–1
animals 55, 93, 112, 121, 137, 138, 158, 303, 336, 360, 502, 629, 647, 648, 658
anonyms 331
anthropology 52–4, 65, 252–3, 263–78, 385, 388, 469
antiquarianism 467, 494, 542
apotropaic names 180, 192, 195
appellative 19–20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 30–1, 33, 34, 35, 36, 40, 42, 43–7, 109, 136, 139, 140, 141, 162–3, 209, 240–1, 247 n. 4, 248, 251, 339, 347, 356, 376, 438, 468, 520, 559, 618, 619, 620, 624
proprio-appellative 35
Arabic naming system 214–15
Argentina 562
Armada 657, 658
Arthurian cycle 209, 282
associative meaning 31–2, 48–50, 122, 296, 301–2, 303, 304, 321, 360, 366, 456, 461
assonance 311, 313, 318
attractors 459
Austria 105, 107, 109, 131, 142, 176, 180, 230, 409 n. 7, 536, 570
autethnonym 259
authorship 401–2, 410, 444, 446, 451
aviation 610, 612, 614; see also aircraft
Baby Boomers 312, 313, 314, 315
banal nationalism 405
basic level 18, 20, 21 n. 2, 24–5, 26, 32, 34, 35, 38, 48
Battle of Maldon, The 360
battlefields 315, 323
Bayer system 630
Bede, the Venerable 359, 468
Belgium 88, 92, 109, 114, 172, 174, 230, 566; see also Flanders
Beowulf 340, 360, 362
bestowal of names 19, 65, 157, 265, 267, 526, 532, 654
Bible 120, 180, 316, 341, 358, 366, 444, 585, 588
Bible names 170–1, 180, 191–4, 195, 196–7, 198, 204, 211, 308
New Jerusalem 317, 326, 363
bilingualism 400, 401, 405, 407, 409, 541–4, 546-7, 548-9, 550, 561; see also multilingualism
binomial naming system 214, 215
biological species 300, 535, 617, 626, 627, 651, 658
names of 36–7
birth order names 172, 193, 275
Boas, Franz 53, 65, 269, 270, 271, 277
Boeing 608, 609–10, 613, 614
Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus 361, 362
brand names 33, 35, 304, 305, 310, 312, 321, 453–64, 558, 609, 611, 638
brands and branding 408–9, 422–3, 424, 453
Brazil 92, 185–6, 276–7
British Airways 612, 614
Bulgaria 206, 210, 620 n. 12, 622
Bunyan, John 361, 362, 366
business communication 456, 462
business names; see company names
bynames 32, 33, 42, 62, 173, 176, 179, 186, 200, 201, 202–3, 205, 216, 217, 224, 237–50, 283–4, 287, 288, 290, 356, 373, 443, 556
non-hereditary 215, 216, 217, 238
Cain 362
Camden, William 116, 222, 359, 365 n. 5, 467
cameras 399
cat names 625
categorical meaning 47–8, 295
categorical presupposition 18, 21, 24–6, 32, 47–8; see also basic level
cattle names
African 620–1
European 619–20, 621
Cessna 609
charactonyms 338
Chaucer, Geoffrey 357–8, 361, 364, 429–30, 432
Chinatown 402, 406
chronology 74, 97–100, 106–9, 110, 207, 222, 279, 312, 318, 470, 540
civil register 566, 567
clan names 172, 200, 251, 272, 273, 639; see also ethnonyms
Scottish 217–18, 226, 258
close apposition 21, 34, 35, 36, 37
close reading 350, 354
cognitive linguistics 17, 55, 133, 270, 297–8, 302, 402, 458, 461
cognitive psychology 476–87
Cold War 169, 607
collective identity 147, 384 n. 1, 388, 421, 426
collective memory 147, 421
colloquial/formal 427
colonialism 122, 130, 133, 149
comets 634
commemorative names 92, 132, 147, 152, 153, 154, 156, 157, 160, 161, 182, 193, 206, 612, 650, 651, 653, 654
commodification 403, 408–9
communicating function 313
(p. 759) communication routes 507
communities of practice 267
companion animal names 616, 622–5, 626–7
company names 29, 35, 43, 48, 380, 392, 406, 408, 453–62, 464, 493, 534, 536, 557, 558, 645, 653–4
comparative literary onomastics 348
composition 105, 106, 109, 140, 459
compounded names 107, 132, 521, 523, 549, 552
computational analysis 230, 234, 235–6
concentration camps 318
Concise Scots Dictionary 574, 582, 584
Concorde 610, 612
conflict 554–71
actionable 556
of laws 567–8, 571
potential 557–8, 560, 562, 564, 565, 567, 571
situation 555, 556, 561
Congo 34, 253, 255, 321
connotation 20, 25, 31–2, 41, 48–50, 55, 154, 176, 239, 273, 320–5, 326, 345, 404, 409, 424, 490, 493, 590, 600, 611–12
Consolation of Philosophy 361
consonance 311
constellations 628–9. 630, 631, 633, 635
construction grammar 17
contact onomastics 540, 541, 549, 553
conversation analysis 57–65, 458
Cook, Captain James 123, 129 n. 7, 130, 131, 132, 133
coordinate information 510, 511
Cordelia 364
corporate names 408–9, 460
cosmopolitanism 155, 408
Cratylic naming 356, 357, 358, 360–6
critical discourse analysis, see discourse analysis
critical toponomastics 403
Croatia 107, 206
cross-cultural comparison 54, 169, 268, 273
cultural background 130, 150, 337, 387, 388, 566, 586
cultural exchange 567
cultural heritage 147, 150, 151, 219, 351, 423, 425, 426
cultural identity 388–9, 394, 412, 418
cultural names 136–7, 138, 374
cultural setting 541, 569
cultural viewpoint 563
Czech Republic 113, 114, 131, 137, 232, 402
Danelaw 95, 99, 159, 517, 518, 524, 549
decolonizing 148–9
decommemoration 152, 153
deference, see intimacy/deference
definiteness 22–3, 26–7, 546
deictic function 24, 29, 30, 40, 42, 43, 60 n. 2
delayed naming 341
demography and surnames 222, 228, 236, 285, 291
Denmark 88, 90, 97, 99, 104, 107, 111, 112, 114, 130, 159, 208, 209, 231, 249, 506, 507, 543, 549, 625
denotation, denotatum 18–19, 20, 22–4, 28, 30, 32, 35, 38, 41, 46, 105, 106, 108, 109, 112, 132, 298, 321, 357, 493, 503–4, 506, 534, 573, 638, 639
derivation 31, 72, 100 n. 9, 105, 106, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 127, 137, 138, 139, 173, 176, 200, 223, 234, 245, 246–7, 307, 334, 459, 504, 537, 546, 598, 630
descriptive backing 320–1, 322, 324, 325
descriptive names 87–91, 93–4, 146, 156, 306, 483–4, 521, 640, 641
Deutsche Familiennamenatlas (DFA) 230
dialectology 378, 488–501
Dictionary of American Family Names 222, 224, 229–30, 232, 233, 234, 536
Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue 495, 573–4, 582 n. 10
digitization 75 n. 9, 225, 235–6, 343, 349, 353, 508
discourse analysis 56–7, 65–6, 397
discourse markers 432–3
disease names 33, 36–7
dithematic names 31, 172, 191, 203, 247
Dixon, Norman 574
Djurberg, Daniel 131
(p. 760) DNA and surnames 228, 284, 290
dog names 620, 622–4, 625, 627, 641
Domesday Book 216, 281, 468, 514–18
dwelling names, see house names
early forms 70, 71, 81, 84, 225, 475, 578, 580, 591
Early Medieval period 468, 470, 471
Early Modern period 77, 205–8, 223, 236, 359, 364–6, 367, 427, 430, 432–4, 436, 442, 531, 618
easyJet 614
embodied names 342
emotive meaning 50–1
end rhyme 311, 318, 325
English Place-Name Society (EPNS) 285, 494, 573
English Surnames Series (ESS) 224
Enlightenment, Age of 132–3, 208, 212
environmental geography 502–3
eponyms, eponymization 55, 105, 108, 110, 113, 161–6, 359, 362, 591; see also transferred names
equal opportunity 568
ergonyms 408, 454–5, 619
essentialism 384–5
Estonia 97, 406, 561, 626 n. 26
ethnic slur 260
ethnography 268, 269, 270, 271, 402
ethnomethodology 58, 384
ethnonyms 173, 176, 179, 191, 247 n. 4, 251–62; see also clan names
ethnophaulisms 260
etymological meaning 39, 40, 41, 48, 165, 345, 346, 461
Eurofighter 611–12
EuroGeoNames 512
Eve 358, 362
expressive meaning 427
face naming 479, 482, 485, 486
family history 283
Faeroes 543
Fiants, Ireland 228, 235
field names 74, 77, 103, 135–8, 140–1, 377, 471–2, 474, 475, 494, 507, 577, 578
firm names, see company names
Flamsteed system 630–1, 632
Flanders 97, 159, 172–4
Flinders, Matthew 130
folk etymology 49, 111, 218, 288, 361, 367, 473
folk onomastics 378–80
folk-names 474, 522, 538
formal, see colloquial/formal
formally primary 105, 109
formally secondary 105, 111, 112
Frege, Gottlob 55, 297–8, 301
Fransson, Gustav, 224, 228, 581–2
French Revolution 174, 657
functional linguistics 458, 461–2
functionalism 268–9, 273
(p. 761) gender 34, 54, 109, 165, 176, 178, 181, 185–6, 193, 202, 211, 224, 248, 249, 273, 277, 351, 373, 374–6, 388, 442, 450, 490, 565–6, 568, 571; see also social identity
assignment 565
differences in animal names 624, 626
marker 565
neutral name 211, 565
identification 565
transgender 567, 570
genealogy 54, 73, 222, 223, 226, 227, 229, 233, 235, 279–91, 446, 597
generation names 172, 194, 195
gentry 222, 279, 433
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) 510
geopolitics 126, 130–2
geosemiotics 395, 398–9, 402, 408, 411
geospatial data 508–12
geospatial domain 145
geospatial management organizations 508–10
geospatial technology 508–12
GGIM 512
Ghana 255, 569
global positioning systems (GPS) 145, 510
globalization 184, 186, 193, 210, 464, 503, 561
goat names 622
godparents 207, 212, 279
Google Street View 398 n. 2, 410
GoogleEarth 75, 510, 533
GoogleMaps 510
grammatical criteria 17, 18, 38
Greene, Robert 365
Greenland 161, 543–4
Gregory the Great, Pope 359
Grenham, John 235
group identity 377, 390, 428
Guthlac 359
Hardy, Thomas 331, 356, 366–7
helicopters 607, 609
Hermogenean naming 295, 356, 357, 362, 363
Hervey, Augustus John 132
historical development of animal names 615–27
Hodge 366–7
Holinshed, Raphael 364, 365
homestead names, Zulu 639–42
horse names 618–19
house names 404, 595, 636–44
house signs 176, 192, 636–8, 642–4
Huguenots 226, 230
human geography 490 n. 2, 502–3, 506
human phenomena 502
Hungary 107, 178–9, 180, 200, 209, 232, 402
hunter-gatherers 155
hybrid names 94, 516–17, 523, 542, 548–9
hydronyms, hydronymy 28, 34, 39, 48, 104–14, 135–6, 138; see also river names
Iceland 112, 127, 161, 205, 207 215, 240, 566, 617, 618, 622
identifying function 39–40, 41, 42
immigration 97, 99, 186, 210, 226, 537, 549; see also migration
impoliteness, see politeness/impoliteness
incident names 92–4, 535, 641
Indian subcontinent 130, 214–15, 226, 233
indigenous names 53, 117, 120, 123, 128, 131–2, 133, 182, 194, 201, 202, 204, 205, 209, 210, 404, 413, 418–20, 422–3, 425, 541
inside-perspective (of identity) 383, 389, 391, 392
INSPIRE Directive 512
interactional linguistics 57–9, 65
International Astronomical Union 629, 632
International Genealogical Index (IGI) 235
(p. 762) internet names 248–9, 250, 390, 447–52, 645
interpersonal meaning 427
intertextual 308, 334, 341, 364–7
intimacy/deference 428, 435
Iraq 256
Isidore of Seville 358, 362, 367
Italy 62, 109, 116, 139, 203, 204–5, 208, 231, 232, 404, 537, 611
Jamaica 92
Japan 144, 233, 276, 447, 609
Jerome, St 358
Johnson, Samuel 572
King Lear 364–5
KML-data standard 510
Korea 161, 233, 321, 402, 441
Kripke, Saul 19, 40, 55, 299–301, 302, 304, 385, 482
land claiming 130, 419
Langland, William 361–2
language conflict 404
language policy 395, 401–8, 561–2
language visibility 395–7, 406
languaging 397
Latvia 209, 232
Lebanon 34
Legends of the Saints 578, 580
lenition 218, 220
Lévi-Strauss, Claude 54, 270–1, 385, 413
lexical meaning 27, 32, 33, 39, 40, 41–7, 189, 307, 308, 319, 321, 424, 532, 583, 619, 639, 640
licensed data 510
Lindbergh, Charles 614
linguistic landscapes 57, 395–411, 425, 464, 492, 494 n. 4
Lithuania 109, 184, 232, 538
locomotive names 534–5, 645–54
Lombardy 401
Lund Studies in English 224
Macdonald, Angus 574, 578
Malinowski, Bronisław, 53, 269, 271
Man, Isle of 407, 517, 518, 591
manorial affixes 88, 473, 515
matronymics, see metronymics
Mawer, Allen 228, 573, 575, 581, 584
maximum meaningfulness thesis 27 n. 4, 40
meaningful names 212, 274
meaninglessness thesis 40
Memphis 402
mental lexicon 42–7
metanalysis 221, 286
metaphor 20, 311, 315, 317, 326, 513, 526, 650
metaphorical names 90–1, 98 n. 2, 112–13, 142, 163–4, 176, 245–6, 306, 308, 331, 426, 461, 535, 612, 625, 629, 646, 647–50, 652, 659
metonyms, metonymy 20, 32, 35, 90, 134, 163–4, 173, 176, 191, 216, 246, 308, 461, 503, 535, 647, 650–2
metrical unit 317–18
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 614
metronymics 173, 181, 192, 240, 243, 249, 273
Middle English Dictionary 577, 581
migration 87, 97, 126, 128–30, 166, 221, 224, 228, 234, 236, 281, 287–8, 463; see also immigration
Mill, John Stewart 55, 59, 295–7, 301, 304, 385
Ministry of Munitions 606–7
minority 260, 388, 408, 425, 488, 541, 543, 561, 562, 571
ethnic 172, 178, 179, 192, 491
languages 57, 396, 404, 405, 407, 409, 492, 494, 497, 501, 543
religious 185
mixing names 388
(p. 763) modification, restrictive 2–3, 27, 38
month names 34–5
moons 631, 633–4, 635
Morality plays 361
Morocco 88
morphology, 31, 82, 104, 109–11, 113, 139–41, 200, 245–7, 258, 296, 303, 307, 434, 458, 459, 506, 537, 538, 545-6, 552–3, 575, 621, 625, 626, 638; see also animal names, morphological features in
morphosyntax 17–19, 25, 27, 31–2, 262, 546; see also syntax
mountain names 115–24, 135, 418, 531, 542, 550, 552, 596, 629, 634, 635
multilingualism; 126, 381, 395–7, 399, 402, 407, 409–10, 436, 542; see also bilingualism
multimodality 397–8, 402, 408, 411, 462
multiple personal names 207–8, 212, 276–7, 446
Murray, James 572–3
Mynors, William 133
name
calendars 174, 182, 205, 206, 207, 209, 212, 589, 594, 597, 601
restoration 407, 418, 422–3, 425, 538
struggles 405–6
transmission 185, 201, 204, 207, 209, 211, 217, 276, 541, 549, 575
uniqueness 50, 60, 174, 211, 249, 273, 284, 300, 423, 448, 459, 464, 471, 478–80, 487, 624, 629
nameness 40
naming conflicts 554, 565
nation branding 409
NATO 609
Nepean, Evan 132
NER (Named Entity Recognition) 350–3
Netherlands, The 97, 105, 109, 130, 133, 159, 161, 172–4, 207–9, 230, 344, 348, 350, 352, 500
new racism 56
new towns 514–15
New Zealand 90, 92, 93–4, 97, 120, 123, 128, 131, 160–3, 182–3, 498, 536, 561, 569, 609
Nicolaisen, W. F. H. 71, 93, 99, 108, 118, 158–9, 320–1, 331, 334, 342, 355, 488–9, 498–500, 524, 572, 575
Nigeria 93, 253–4, 255
Noah 359
non-descriptive names 92–4, 103, 301, 483–4
Norfolk Island 132, 404
Norman surnames 216, 219, 222
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation see NATO
Northern Ireland 83–4, 186–8, 217, 219
Norway 104, 107, 110, 112, 114, 165, 207, 209, 231, 240, 337, 349, 404–6, 409, 547
nose art (aircraft) 612–13
Nova Scotia 404
Nova Suecia 545, 547, 550–2
numbers 35–6
odonyms, see street names
Old European hydronymy 106, 107–9, 524
online identity 390
online names, see internet names
onomasticon 41, 43, 44–7, 48, 70, 158–9, 162–6, 170, 181, 189, 308, 373, 410, 488, 490, 492–4, 500, 546, 549, 575–6, 584, 619, 621, 624, 625, 627
onymic landscape 330–1, 333–4, 336–40, 342, 346–8
onymic status 35, 458
open source 510
Open Street Map 510
oral sources 56, 74–5, 273, 418, 423, 489, 589, 594, 641
oronyms see mountain names
outside-perspective (of identity) 383, 389, 390, 391, 393
Oxford English Dictionary 429, 490–1, 495, 572–4, 576–82, 584, 655, 657, 660
Pandosto 365
papponymy 180, 193
participant-observation 54, 62, 268–9, 402
patronymic naming system 214–15, 220–1, 229, 285, 620
patronymics 172–3, 176, 180, 184–5, 186, 190, 192, 203, 214, 218, 220–1, 231, 235, 239, 240, 243, 249, 273, 285
Pearl 362–3, 364
Peirce, Charles S. 55, 296, 302–4
Pepys, Samuel 659
perceived identity (perception of identity) 390–1, 393–4
perceived state of geography 503–4
Perdita 365–6
personal identity 276, 383, 386–87, 389–91, 417, 557, 571, 645
personification 308, 311, 361–3, 367, 649
philology 221, 225, 227, 236, 263, 345, 347, 444, 488, 495, 513, 532
philosophy 19, 24, 30, 55, 63, 65–6, 264, 273, 295–301, 308, 361, 364, 385, 416, 444, 514
physical geography 502–4
Piers Plowman 362
Pilgrim’s Progress 361, 363
Piraeus 658
place branding 409, 422–3, 424, 453, 463–4
place-name survey 69–86, 87 n. 1, 103, 470, 494–5, 536, 574, 576
place-name adaptation 132, 518, 540–2, 544–53
planets 631–5
politeness/impoliteness 55, 428–30, 433, 435
poll tax 215, 235–6, 286
Pont, Timothy 579
postcolonialism 271
pragmatic, pragmatics 18, 21, 33, 38, 55–6, 65, 275, 302, 388, 424, 427, 432, 435–6, 458, 488
prehistoric 77, 109, 161, 470, 598, 601, 628–9
presupposition 18, 21–2, 24, 25–6, 32, 43
presuppositional meaning 40, 47–51
primary name formation 105–6, 109–11, 136, 158–9, 161–2, 240, 245–7
privatization 401
product names 35, 40, 310, 313, 322, 325–6, 381, 453–64, 557, 559
production animal names 616, 618–22, 626
pronouns 18, 19, 20–4, 27–9, 30–1, 59, 315, 350, 391, 427, 431–3, 462
proprial lemma 20, 35
proprial meaning 41–7
propriality 23, 40, 458
prosopography 227
Prudentius, Aurelius Clemens 361
pseudonyms 332, 341, 438–52
categories 438–41, 450–1
definition 438, 447–8
Psychomachia 361
Puritans 188, 281
qualitative methods 347, 387–9, 391–3, 398–9, 434
quantitative methods 325, 344, 346, 348–9, 387–9, 393, 398–9, 434
racial categorization 252
Radcliffe-Brown, A. R. 269–70
recognitionals 60
reconstruction 113–14
redende Namen 308, 337
reduction of name stock 205
referential function 26, 40, 41, 55, 59–61, 64–66, 145, 146, 274, 275, 301, 319–20, 534, 638, 639
registered name 179, 406, 451, 453–4, 559, 566, 568–9, 612, 616, 618
Renaissance 132–3, 204–5, 444–5, 630
retrieval failures 476–87
river names 19, 25, 28, 34, 39, 48, 78, 104–14, 160, 165, 500, 516, 519, 522, 524, 528, 538, 542, 544, 546, 548, 552, 588, 591; see also hydronyms
Roggeveen, Jacob 133
Rolls-Royce 607
Roman names 139, 203, 208, 213, 537, 538, 623, 631, 633, 650
Roman period 98, 100, 201, 202–4, 359, 468, 470–2, 475, 521–3, 529, 537–8
Romania 620 n. 12
Royal Air Force 607, 651
Royal Aircraft Factory 605–6
rural names 5, 135–43, 381
Russell, Bertrand 19, 55, 298–9, 301
Russia 90, 105, 112, 130, 132, 180, 184, 206, 209, 210, 232, 409 n. 7, 464, 538, 609, 657
Russian Revolution 210, 538, 657
Ryanair 614
saints’ names 85, 174–5, 177, 182, 185, 189, 192, 195, 203–7, 209, 211–12, 218, 280, 341, 347, 359, 365, 431, 589, 592, 595, 597, 601, 656–7
Saskatchewan 408
Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd 574, 578
Scottish National Dictionary 495 n. 7, 574
secondary name formation 105–6, 108–10, 112, 114, 136–7, 245–6, 548, 552
self-esteem 386–7, 391
self-fulfilling prophecy 386
semantics 25, 27, 35, 52, 302, 305, 326, 352, 371–2, 476–84, 486, 526, 531–4, 575, 584
generative 29 n. 5
in address terms 428, 437
in animal names 615, 620
in bynames 33, 241–5
in clan names 189
in commercial names 453, 458, 461
in family names 216
in given names 175, 200, 201, 203, 274–5, 334, 583
in house names 638, 639–41
in internet names 450–2
in law 559–60
in place-names 33, 45–6, 65, 70, 87, 98, 100, 320, 469, 506, 546–7, 579–80
in pseudonyms 438, 443, 452
in river names 104, 108–9, 111–13
in ship names 655, 656
semantic properties of names 18, 55, 356, 527
semantic status of names 17, 18, 24–5, 34, 319, 482
semantic-pragmatic 18, 21, 33, 38, 320–1
semiotics 146–8, 296, 302–4, 306, 309, 313, 385, 395, 397–8, 399 n. 3, 402, 408, 411, 459, 462; see also geosemiotics
semiotic landscapes 395, 398, 402–3, 408
settlement chronology 94, 97–100, 472
settlement patterns 94–7
Shakespeare, William 209, 306–9, 338–9, 364–6, 428, 432, 433–4, 445, 634, 642, 642–4
shibbolethnonyms 225
signs see also semiotics
silencing 405, 409, 494
simile 311
Singapore 147, 226, 406, 500
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight 362, 431–2
Slovenia 107, 137, 138, 232, 620
social constructionism 484–5
social identity 62, 276, 383–4, 387–9, 392–3, 501, 623
social orderliness 555
social transformation 148
Society of British Aircraft Constructors 607
Sopwith, Thomas 606
(p. 766) Soviet Union 273, 544, 609, 657
Spain 109, 120, 135, 137, 139, 180, 185, 204, 206, 208, 210, 226, 231–2, 611
spatial data 73, 79, 84, 502, 510, 512 nn. 9, 10; see also geospatial data
spatial patterns 502
sprechende Namen 339
stars 628–33, 635, 650
statistical analysis 235, 347, 350, 393, 658
stratification 106–9, 217, 495, 499 n. 12
street names 49, 135–6, 144–57, 377–8, 380, 396, 407, 425, 493, 498, 544, 640, 642
Structuralism 268, 372
subjective ethnolinguistic vitality 396, 399
submarines 659
surnames, surname studies 39, 40, 42, 48, 122 n. 9, 173–8, 180–1, 183–9, 191, 200, 202, 207, 214–36, 238–44, 247, 251–2, 256–8, 272–3, 279–91, 326, 333–4, 357, 386–7, 389, 391, 443, 446, 461 n. 13, 464, 478, 480, 483, 486, 500, 526, 532, 536, 538, 563, 566–8, 574–5, 581–4, 618, 620, 624 n. 21, 626, 634, 639, 641, 657; see also family names
abbreviation of 284, 288, 290
and progenitors 283–4
anglicization of 186, 218–19, 228
decline of 284–5, 290
expansion of 284–5, 290
of married women 172, 178, 179, 184, 195, 249
Switzerland 64, 105, 107, 109, 113, 115, 120–1, 123, 137, 139, 142, 176, 404, 536, 561, 566–8, 587
syntax 17, 21–2, 63–4, 82, 88, 99, 139–40, 178, 239, 303, 458, 460, 546–7, 553, 575, 638; see also morphosyntax
Tale of Sir Thopas 364
Tasman, Abel 130–1
technocracy 401, 403
teknonymy 54, 189–90, 194, 195, 273, 275
telltale names 337–8
threatened name type 143
Thuresson, Bertil 224, 228, 581, 582
tip-of-the-tongue state (TOT) 476, 481, 483–6
tokenism 407
Tönnies, Ferdinand 265
toponymic attachment 395, 407, 412–26
toponymic competence 372–7
toponymic dependence 417, 420, 421–6
trade names see commercial names
trademarks 453, 454, 459 n. 6, 460 n. 8, 554, 557, 558, 559, 609
traditional naming system 563
train names 648, 651 n. 3, 652, 653–4
transcendental dimension 146, 157
transferred names 92–3, 97, 105, 113, 134, 158–66, 212, 499, 514, 515, 534, 535, 536–7, 614, 634, 639, 640, 652
Twelfth Night 364
Tylor, Edward Burnett 266, 269
Ukraine 34, 90, 110, 232, 534
uncompounded names 105, 107, 126, 132
UNGEGN 425, 512
unisex names 193
United Kingdom (UK) 29, 92, 120, 186–8, 191–2, 194–8, 221, 225, 234–5, 269, 314, 320, 491, 492, 497, 498, 562, 564, 609, 611, 612
United States of America (USA) 32, 48, 53, 92, 97, 116, 117, 120, 122–4, 158, 161, 169, 175, 184, 188–9, 191–2, 194–7, 210–11, 229, 234, 256, 259–60, 269, 277, 288, 307, 312–14, 317, 321–4, 332–3, 335–7, 342, 402, 456, 491, 499, 502, 514, 535, 545, 548, 550, 551, 554, 607–10, 612, 614, 618, 659
United States Air Force 608, 612
United States Army Air Force 612
unofficial names 184, 237, 238, 273–4, 377, 378, 380–1, 453, 489, 490, 497 n. 9, 498, 514, 606, 608, 612
urban areas 50, 54, 57, 172, 228, 254, 265, 377, 381, 396, 403 n. 4, 406, 409–10, 425, 464, 495–6, 498, 503, 514, 522, 616, 618, 624, 626–7
urbanization 237, 242, 506, 514
usernames see internet names
vandalism 402, 405–6
V-bombers 608
Vickers 608, 610
visualization 344, 347, 351–2
vocatives 22, 428, 434–6
vogue names 160, 164
Warsaw Pact 609
Washington, DC 48, 399 n. 3, 402, 406
Western European expansionism 130
westernization 183, 463
Widsith 340, 359
Williamson, May G. 574, 577–80
Winter’s Tale, The 365–6
woodland 472, 504
word formation 106, 110, 459
word geography 101
word-play 356, 461
World War I 151, 174, 181, 183, 514, 606, 608, 652
World War II 48, 133, 181, 210, 313, 315, 318, 323, 514, 544, 609, 611, 612–13, 657
written sources 73–4
zoo animal names 625–6