Abstract and Keywords
This chapter deals with the transfer of place-names, the different backgrounds to the transfers, and also the important role of analogy and patterns in name-formation. Examples are mainly taken from Scandinavia, but the motifs and forces lying behind these phenomena are general in all onymic cultures. There are two different ways of (re)using an onomasticon: by creating names from one’s repertoire of name elements, or by transferring already existing names. The former is found in Viking Age Danelaw; the latter dominates place-names in the New World. The chapter concludes by analysing how analogy in name-formation may be understood: first, when a new name is created by analogical, metaphorical, metonymical, psychological, or socially conditioned transfer; second, when it is created by association or from a pattern.
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