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date: 28 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter considers names of uninhabited, delimited objects in rural settings and surroundings. Examples of rural names are the names of fields, meadows, forests, isolated trees, and so on. The primary motivation for rural names is orientation and the identification of areas within small and limited units. The naming motives for rural names are varied. Rural names are, in general, based on appellatives that largely follow the morphology of the language spoken in the area at the time of naming. Frequent morphological patterns for rural names are simplex forms, derivations with affixes, or compound nouns. Rural names are among the most threatened name types. Changes in the exploitation of soils, the structure of farms, new buildings and streets lead to the loss of rural names. However, the danger that rural names may disappear similarly increases the interest in them.

Keywords: rural name, morphology, semantics, naming motive, threatened name type, increased interest

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