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date: 19 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter deals with the names of high ground, above the habitable and cultivable land, and particularly its peaks and summits. It outlines some of the research that has been done, illustrating it with examples, and discusses some salient features of mountain names (oronyms). Oronyms are often recorded relatively late, due to their economic marginality. Many mountains have more than one name, and many have experienced name change over time: the reasons for these features are explored in detail. Research into oronymic generics in Scotland, Ireland, Switzerland, and France are outlined in some detail, and reference made to the rest of the British Isles and the USA. Certain aspects of oronymic specifics are explored, such as the use of colour in names, but particularly the use of personal names, both by colonial powers (e.g. Everest), and within the USA and Europe.

Keywords: oronyms, alternative names, name change, oronymic generics, colour names, personal names

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