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date: 20 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article provides an overview of employment relations and human resource management in Asia. Using a set of widely accepted indicators, the authors compare twelve countries and include a review of relevant case studies. Striking differences in macro and micro patterns of employment relations across the Asian countries challenge assumptions in the varieties of capitalism literature and modernization theory that predicts institutional convergence. These variations are tentatively explained by the dynamic competition, power, and strategic choices made by conflicting interest groups, including the state, at both national and international levels. This article contributes to the business systems, varieties of capitalism, and employment relations/HRM literatures.

Keywords: employment relations, human resource management, Asia, business systems, varieties of capitalism, institutional convergence, power, state

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