- Preface and Acknowledgements
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- China: Authoritarian Capitalism
- Hong Kong: Hybrid Capitalism as Catalyst
- India: From Failed Developmental State Towards Hybrid Market Capitalism
- Indonesia: Oligarchic Capitalism
- Japan: Coordinated Capitalism Between Institutional Change and Structural Inertia
- Laos: Frontier Capitalism
- Malaysia: Personal Capitalism
- The Philippines: Inequality–Trapped Capitalism
- Singapore: Open State-Led Capitalism
- South Korea: Plutocratic State-Led Capitalism Reconfiguring
- Taiwan: Sme-Oriented Capitalism in Transition
- Thailand: Post-Developmentalist Capitalism
- Vietnam: Post-State Capitalism
- Business Groups in Asia: An Institutional Perspective
- Corporate Governance and Business Systems in Asia
- Culture and the Business Systems of Asia
- Employment Relations and Human Resource Management in Asia: Explaining Patterns in Asian Societies
- Financial Systems in Asia: Where Politics Meets Development
- MNEs in Asian Business Systems
- National R&D Systems and Technology Development in Asia
- The Co-evolution of Global Sourcing of Business Support Functions and the Economic Development of Asian Emerging Economies
- Social Capital in Asia: Its Dual Nature and Function
- The Role of the State in Asian Business Systems
- A Survey of Strategic Behaviour and Firm Performance in Asia
- Pictures of the Past: Historical Influences in Contemporary Asian Business Systems
- Beyond Production: Changing Dynamics of Asian Business Groups
- Change and Continuity in East Asian Business Systems
- Asian Business Systems: Implications and Perspectives for Comparative Business Systems and Varieties of Capitalism Research
- Asian Business Systems: Implications for Managerial Practice
Abstract and Keywords
This article provides an overview of employment relations and human resource management in Asia. Using a set of widely accepted indicators, the authors compare twelve countries and include a review of relevant case studies. Striking differences in macro and micro patterns of employment relations across the Asian countries challenge assumptions in the varieties of capitalism literature and modernization theory that predicts institutional convergence. These variations are tentatively explained by the dynamic competition, power, and strategic choices made by conflicting interest groups, including the state, at both national and international levels. This article contributes to the business systems, varieties of capitalism, and employment relations/HRM literatures.
Stephen J. Frenkel is Professor of Organisation and Employment Relations at the Australian School of Business, University of New South Wales, Australia.
Kyoung-Hee Yu is Lecturer at the Australian School of Business at the University of New South Wales, Australia.
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