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date: 11 April 2021

(p. xi) List of Contributors

(p. xi) List of Contributors

Rudy B. Andeweg is Professor of Political Science at Leiden University. He studied law and government at Leiden University and Political Science at the University of Michigan. He has published on personalization in voting behaviour, birth order and political leadership, legislative roles, political representation, and cabinet decision-making. He recently co-edited Puzzles of Government Formation: Coalition Theory and Deviant Cases (Routledge, 2011).

Chris Ansell is Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley. His fields of interest include organization theory, political sociology, public administration, and Western Europe. His current research focuses on risk regulation, collaborative governance, social network analysis, and crisis management.

David S. Bell is Professor of French Government at the University of Leeds and has published extensively about political parties in Europe and on political leadership in France and on leadership theory. Publications (authored or co-authored): two books on the French Socialist Party (OUP 1984, OUP 1988); a book on the French Communist Party (OUP 1994); French Fifth Republic (Palgrave 2013), with Professor J. Gaffney; articles on French politics, most recently on the presidential elections of 2002 and 2007 in Parliamentary Affairs. On leaders and leadership these include: François Mitterrand (Polity, 2006), and an edited volume, Political Leadership published in 2012 in the SAGE Library of Political Science series (Sage, 2012).

Andrew Blick is Lecturer in Politics and Contemporary History at King’s College London. His works include People Who Live in the Dark: The History of the Special Adviser in British Politics (2004); and, with Peter Hennessy, The Hidden Wiring Emerges: The Cabinet Manual and the Working of the British Constitution (2011). He is writing Beyond Magna Carta: A Constitution for the United Kingdom, which will commemorate the 800th anniversary of Magna Carta.

Jean Blondel, born in France in 1929, was educated in Paris and Oxford. He was the first Professor of Government at the University of Essex in 1964, and Professor of Political Science at the European University Institute, 1985–94. He is now Professorial Fellow at the European University Institute and Visiting Professor at the University of Siena. He was awarded the Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science for Lifetime Achievement in political science in 2004. His publications are in comparative government, world-wide, with special reference to parties, governments, and leadership. Apart from a general text (p. xii) on Comparative Government, second edition, 1995, his recent books include Political Cultures in Asia and Europe, with T. Inoguchi (Routledge, 2006); Governing New Democracies, with F. Mueller-Rommel and D. Malova (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007); Citizens and the State, with T. Inoguchi (Routledge, 2008); and Political Leadership, Parties and Citizens, with J. L. Thiebault (Routledge, 2010).

Arjen Boin is Professor of Public Governance and Crisis Management at the Utrecht School of Governance, Utrecht University, and an adjunct professor at the Public Administration Institute, Louisiana State University. He has published widely on topics of crisis and disaster management, leadership, institutional design, and correctional administration. He is the editor of Public Administration, a major journal in the field.

Maryke Botha is a former Masters student in International Studies in the Department of Political Science, University of Stellenbosch.

Geoffrey Brennan was trained as an economist but works now broadly across economics, political science, and philosophy. He has worked extensively with Noble Laureate James Buchanan (famous for his pioneering work in ‘public choice’). Brennan’s own work in rational actor political theory has emphasized the ‘expressive account’ of voter behaviour. He is currently Professor in the Research School of Social Sciences at the Australian National University and holds a regular visiting position jointly in the Political Science department at Duke University and the Philosophy Department at UNC-Chapel Hill. He is currently working on a book on Philosophy and Economics for Princeton University Press.

Michael Brooks is Associate Professor in the Tasmanian School of Business and Economics, at the University of Tasmania, Australia. Michael completed a Masters of Economics and Diploma of Education at Monash University and a PhD at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. He has lectured at the University of Tasmania for over 30 years. In recent years he has written on taxation, expressive voting, and the economics of esteem. One of Michael’s more recent publications is with Geoffrey Brennan on the ‘cashing out’ hypothesis and ‘soft’ and ‘hard’ policies, in the European Journal of Political Economy, 2011, 27 (4): 601–10.

David Brulé is an assistant professor of political science at Purdue University, Indiana. David’s research interests lie at the intersection of domestic politics and international relations. Specifically, he examines the effects of public opinion, economic conditions, and political institutions on national leaders’ conflict decisions.

Elton Chan is currently a doctoral candidate in the Department of Politics and Public Administration at the University of Hong Kong, where he received his undergraduate degree in political theory and history. His research focuses on Confucianism and political philosophy.

Joseph Chan is Professor at the Department of Politics and Public Administration, the University of Hong Kong. He is the author of Confucian Perfectionism: A Political (p. xiii) Philosophy for Modern Times (Princeton, 2014). He obtained his undergraduate degree in political science from the Chinese University of Hong Kong, his MSc from the London School of Economics and Political Science, and his DPhil from Oxford University. He teaches political theory and researches in the areas of contemporary liberalism and perfectionism, Confucian political philosophy, human rights, and civil society.

Jeffrey E. Cohen (PhD, University of Michigan, 1979) is Professor of Political Science at Fordham University specializing in the American presidency. He is the author of a dozen books and numerous articles that have appeared in leading journals. His recent book, Going Local Presidential Leadership in the Post-Broadcast Age (Cambridge, 2010) won both the 2011 Richard E. Neustadt Award and the 2012 Goldsmith Award.

Colin Copus is Professor of Local Politics and Director of the Local Governance Research Unit in the Department of Politics and Public Policy, De Montfort University. His main research interests are local political leadership, local party politics, local governance, and the changing role of the councillor, and he has published widely on these subjects in academic journals. He has carried out research work for government departments and worked with ministers and MPs on policy issues. He has worked closely with practitioners in local government on a range of consultancy and research projects. Colin has been the editor Local Government Studies since 2001. He has also served as a councillor on a London Borough council, a county and a district council, and three parish councils.

Marina Costa Lobo is a researcher at the Institute of Social Sciences at the University of Lisbon, and Guest Lecturer at the Lisbon University Institute (IUL) in political science. She obtained her DPhil at Oxford University in 2001. Her research interests include the role of leaders in electoral behaviour, political parties, and institutions. She is a co-director of the Portuguese Election Study. She has published articles in Electoral Studies, European Journal of Political Research, and Political Research Quarterly, as well as books on the topic in English and Portuguese.

Richard A. Couto is with Union Institute and University and a founding faculty member of the Antioch University PhD Program in Leadership and Change. Prior to that he was a founding faculty member of the Jepson School at the University of Richmond where he held the George M. and Virginia B. Modlin Chair in Leadership Studies, 1991–2002. His recent books include: Political and Civic Leadership: A Reference Handbook (Sage 2010); and (with James MacGregor Burns) Reflections on Leadership (University of America Press 2007). His work has won numerous national awards, including best book in transformational politics from the American Political Science Association, and the Virginia A. Hodgkinson Research Prize of the Independent Sector.

Karl DeRouen, Jr., is Professor of Political Science, Director of the International Studies Program, and was College of Arts and Science Faculty Fellow (2008–11) at the University of Alabama. His research interests lie within the field of International Relations, specifically conflict analysis and foreign policy analysis. He is the co-author of Understanding Foreign Policy Decision Making (with Alex Mintz; Cambridge University Press, 2010).

(p. xiv) Chris Eichbaum is Reader in Government and Deputy Head of School in the School of Government at Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand. His research interests include the role of political staff in executive government, governance, and public administration reform, and the politics of central banking. He and Richard Shaw have collaborated on an edited volume, Partisan Appointees and Public Servants: An International Analysis of the Role of the Political Adviser. In 2008 he was appointed as a non-executive Director to the Board of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand.

Robert Elgie’s research career has centred on the systematic study of institutions on political outcomes. Recently, his work has concentrated on whether semi-presidentialism helps or hinders the process of democratization in young democracies. He is the author of Semi-presidentialism: Sub-types and Democratic Performance (Oxford University Press, 2011). He is also a very active blogger at In addition, he has considerable expertise in the study of contemporary French politics; he is the editor of the journal French Politics, published by Palgrave Macmillan; and he is the lead co-editor of the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of French Politics (Oxford University Press).

John Gaffney is Professor of Politics at Aston University, UK. He is also a political commentator and author. He specializes in UK and French politics and the discourse and rhetoric of leadership. He regularly contributes to TV and print media. In July 2012, he was awarded £77,000 by the Leverhulme Trust for a two-year study of UK political leadership. His latest book is Political Leadership in France: From Charles de Gaulle to Nicolas Sarkozy (Palgrave, 2012). He is the author of three other monographs on UK and French Politics. He has written 50 journal articles and chapters, and has edited a dozen books, his two most recent being Stardom in Postwar France (Berghahn, 2011, with Diana Holmes), and The Presidents of the French Fifth Republic (Palgrave, 2013, with David Bell).

Francesca Gains is Professor of Public Policy at the University of Manchester and researches political management arrangements and their impact on policy outcomes. She won the 2008 Herbert Kaufman award for the best paper in public administration at the 2007 American Political Science Association Meeting in Chicago and the 2012 best paper in Comparative Policy at the 2011 APSA meeting in Seattle. She has published work on political leadership in Public Administration, Political Studies, Parliamentary Affairs, Policy and Politics, and Public Administration Review.

Keith Grint is Professor of Public Leadership at Warwick University Business School. He has held chairs at Lancaster and Cranfield Universities and before that taught at Brunel University and Oxford University. He is a founding co-editor of the journal Leadership published by Sage, and founding co-organizer of the International Conference in Researching Leadership. His books include The Sociology of Work, 3rd edition (2005); Management: A Sociological Introduction (1995); Leadership (ed.) (1997); Fuzzy Management (1997); The Machine at Work: Technology, Work and Society (with Steve Woolgar) (1997); The Arts of Leadership (2000); Organizational Leadership (with John Bratton and Debra Nelson); Leadership: Limits and Possibilities (2005); Leadership, (p. xv) Management and Command: Rethinking D-Day (2008); The Public Leadership Challenge (ed. with Stephen Brookes) (2010); Leadership: A Very Short Introduction (2010); Sage Handbook of Leadership (ed. with Alan Bryman, David Collinson, Brad Jackson and Mary Uhl-Bien, Sage, 2010). Sage Major Works of Leadership (ed. with David Collinson and Brad Jackson) (2011).

Jean Hartley is an organizational psychologist by background, who is Professor of Public Leadership at The Open University Business School in the UK. Her research centres on two main themes: public leadership (political, managerial, professional, and community leadership) and also innovation and improvement in public services. Her book with John Benington, Leadership for Healthcare, provides a framework for theory and practice in relation to leadership and its development. She has researched and created, based on research, instruments for the development of both national and local political leaders. She is also engaged in cross-national research about leadership with political astuteness for public managers. Jean is the author of six books, and numerous journal articles, book chapters and reports on leadership, leadership development, and innovation and organizational change and improvement, mainly in public services.

S. Alexander Haslam, Professor of Social Psychology, University of Queensland. Alex has been influential in developing the social identity approach to group processes, which has become the dominant paradigm in the field. The New Psychology of Leadership, with Alex Haslam and Michael Platow, was published by Psychology Press in 2011 and was awarded the best book prize at the International Leadership Association conference in 2012.

Ludger Helms is Professor of Political Science and Chair of Comparative Politics at the University of Innsbruck, Austria. His research focuses on political institutions and democratic governance in liberal democracies, and his recent publications in the field of leadership studies include Comparative Political Leadership (ed., 2012) and Poor Leadership and Bad Governance: Reassessing Presidents and Prime Ministers in North America, Europe and Japan (ed., 2012).

Frank Hendriks is Professor of Comparative Governance and Research Director at the Tilburg School of Politics and Public Administration, and Co-director of Demos-Center for Better Governance and Citizenship at Tilburg University. His research and teaching is focused on the design and quality of democratic governance, more particularly on the quality of political leadership and democratic citizenship, on the reform and innovation in democratic institutions—at the level of the city and the state at large. He is the author of Vital Democracy (Oxford University Press, 2010) and the co-editor of the Oxford Handbook of Local and Regional Democracy in Europe (Oxford University Press, 2011).

Margaret G. Hermann is Gerald B. and Daphna Cramer Professor of Global Affairs and Director of the Moynihan Institute of Global Affairs at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University. Her research focuses on political leadership, decision making, and crisis management. Hermann has worked to develop techniques for assessing the leadership styles (p. xvi) of heads of government at a distance and has such data on over 450 leaders from around the world. She has been president of the International Society of Political Psychology and the International Studies Association as well as editor of the journals Political Psychology and the International Studies Review.

Leslie Holmes is Professor of Political Science at the University of Melbourne, and a recurrent visiting professor at the University of Bologna, the Graduate School of Social Research in Warsaw, and the People’s University in Beijing. His principal research specializations are post-communism and corruption. Among his numerous publications are Post-Communism (Oxford University Press, 1997); Rotten States? Corruption, Post-Communism and Neoliberalism (Duke University Press, 2006); and Communism: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2009). He was President of the International Council for Central and East European Studies (ICCEES) 2000–5, and has been Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia since 1995.

George Jones has from 2003 been Emeritus Professor of Government at LSE where he was Professor of Government between 1976 and 2003. He authored, co-authored, and edited a number of books, chapters, and articles on British central and local government, including the biography of Herbert Morrison: B. Donoughue and G. W. Jones, Herbert Morrison: Portrait of a Politician (1973) and (2001). He has written about advising the Prime Minister and Cabinet in J. M. Lee, G. W. Jones and J. Burnham, At the Centre of Whitehall (1998); and a study of prime ministers in G. W. Jones (ed.), West European Prime Ministers (1991). He wrote the first study of the private secretaries of prime ministers in G. W. Jones, “The Prime Ministers’ Secretaries: Politicians or Administrators?” in J. G. Griffith (ed.), From Politics to Administration (1975). He reflected on “Cabinet Government since Bagehot” in R. Blackburn (ed.) Constitutional Studies (1992). He was a member of the National Consumer Council (1991–9), and Chairman of its Public Services Committee (1992–8). He was a member of the Layfield Committee on Local Government Finance (1974–6) and of the Department of the Environment’s Joint Working Party on the Internal Management of Local Authorities (1992–3).

Christer Karlsson is Associate Professor of Political Science and Lecturer at the Department of Government, Uppsala University in Sweden. He has published books, articles, and book chapters in his principal research areas: climate change politics, European Union studies, constitutional politics, and democratic theory. His work has appeared in journals such as Acta Politica, Ambio, European Law Journal, Global Environmental Politics, and Journal of Common Market Studies. His latest publication is ‘Fragmented Climate Change Leadership: Making Sense of the Ambiguous Outcome of COP-15’, Environmental Politics, 21 (2): 268–86.

Niels Karsten is Assistant Professor at the Demos-Centre for Better Governance and Citizenship, Tilburg University. He specializes in local political-executive leadership. His PhD thesis, entitled ‘Decide and Defend’ (2013) investigates public leadership (p. xvii) accountability in consensual democracies, with an international comparative case study of how local executives regain authority when making controversial decisions. He has published in journals such as Administration & Society, Lex Localis, and Local Government Studies.

Nannerl O. Keohane writes and teaches in political philosophy, leadership, and feminist theory. She has served as president and professor at Wellesley College (1981–1993) and then at Duke University (1993–2004). She is the author of Thinking about Leadership (Princeton University Press, 2010), Higher Ground: Ethics and Leadership in the Modern University (Duke University Press, 2006), Philosophy and the State in France (1980) and co-edited Feminist Theory: A Critique of Ideology (1981). Keohane has also taught at Swarthmore College, the University of Pennsylvania, Stanford University, and Princeton University. She is a member of the Harvard Corporation, on the board of directors of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and on the Board of Trustees of the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation. Her current research interests concern leadership and inequality, including gender issues. B.A. Wellesley College; M.A. St Anne’s College, Oxford University; Ph.D. Yale University.

Erik-Hans Klijn is Professor at the Department of Public Administration at Erasmus University Rotterdam. His research and teaching activities focus on complex decision-making, network management, public private and branding, and the impact of media on complex decision-making. He published extensively in international journals and is the author, together with Joop Koppenjan, of the book Managing Uncertainty in Networks (2004, Routledge) and of Branding in Governance and Public Management (Routledge, 2012) together with Jasper Eshuis.

Harvey F. Kline is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Alabama. He has studied Colombia since 1964 and has written eight books about Colombian politics, most recently Historical Dictionary of Colombia, Showing Teeth to the Dragons: State-Building by Colombian President Álvaro Uribe Vélez, 2002–2006, and Chronicle of a Failure Foretold: The Peace Process of Colombian President Andrés Pastrana. In addition he was contributing co-editor of Latin American Politics and Development, which has been published in eight editions, and co-author of Introduction to Latin American Politics and Development. Currently he is researching the second term of Colombian President Álvaro Uribe.

Steve Leach is Emeritus Professor of Local Government at the Local Governance Research Unit at De Montfort University. He has a long and respected record of research and consultancy in the politics, management, and reorganization of local government. He has researched and published widely on local political leadership and has worked closely with a range of local political leaders on political and policy matters. Steve has also researched, studied and written about the development of overview and scrutiny in local government and has supported many councils in revising and strengthening their scrutiny function by which political leaders are held to account. (p. xviii) Steve is a former editor of Local Government Studies and is still a member of the editorial board of the journal.

Rose McDermott is Professor of Political Science at Brown University and President of the International Society of Political Psychology. McDermott received her PhD (Political Science) and MA (Experimental Social Psychology) from Stanford. McDermott has taught at Cornell, UCSB, and Harvard, and has held fellowships at Harvard’s Olin Institute for Strategic Studies and Harvard’s Women and Public Policy Program. She was 2008–9 Fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University and a 2010–11 Fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University. She is the author of three books, a co-editor of two additional volumes, and author of over 90 academic articles across a wide variety of academic disciplines encompassing topics such as experimentation, identity, emotion, intelligence, decision-making, and the biological and genetic bases of political behaviour.

David McKay is Professor of Government at the University of Essex. He is the author of numerous books and articles on American and comparative politics including Designing Europe: Lessons from the Comparative Experience (2001) and American Politics and Society (Eighth Edition, 2013).

Alex Mintz is Dean of the Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy at IDC-Herzliya, and Director of its Program in Political Psychology and Decision Making (POPDM). An expert on foreign policy analysis, he has published ten books and many articles in this area, including Understanding Foreign Policy Decision Making (with Karl DeRouen), Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Cas Mudde holds a PhD from Leiden University and is Associate Professor in the Department of International Affairs of the University of Georgia. His book Populist Radical Right Parties in Europe (Cambridge University Press, 2007) won the Stein Rokkan Prize and was named a Choice Outstanding Academic Title in 2008. His most recent publications include the readers Political Extremism (Sage, 2014; 4 volumes) and Youth and the Extreme Right (Idebate, 2014).”

Charles F. Parker is Associate Professor of Political Science at the Department of Government and serves as a primary investigator in the Centre for Natural Disaster Science at Uppsala University. His research has focused on climate change politics, the origins and consequences of the warning–response problem, and post-crisis accountability procedures. His work has appeared in the Journal of Common Market Studies, Political Psychology, Global Environmental Politics, Foreign Policy Analysis, Public Administration, and the Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management. His most recent publication, ‘Fragmented climate change leadership: making sense of the ambiguous outcome of COP-15’, appears in the journal Environmental Politics.

Michael J. Platow, Professor of Social Psychology, Australian National University. Michael has been influential in developing the social identity approach to group (p. xix) processes, which has become the dominant paradigm in the field. His book, with Alex Haslam and Michael Platow, The New Psychology of Leadership was published by Psychology Press in 2011 and was awarded the best book prize at the International Leadership Association conference in 2012.

Jerrold M. Post is Professor of Psychiatry, Political Psychology and International Affairs and Director of the Political Psychology Program at the George Washington University. He has published widely on crisis decision-making, leadership, and on the psychology of political violence and terrorism, His other books include The Psychological Evaluation of Political Leaders, With profiles of Saddam Hussein and Bill Clinton (University of Michigan Press, 2003) and Leaders and Their Followers in a Dangerous World: The Psychology of Political Behavior (Cornell University Press, 2004).

Stephen D. Reicher is Professor of Social Psychology, University of St. Andrews (Scotland). He has been influential in developing the social identity approach to group processes, which has become the dominant paradigm in the field. His book, with Alex Haslam and Michael Platow, The New Psychology of Leadership was published by Psychology Press in 2011 and was awarded the best book prize at the International Leadership Association conference in 2012.

Bob Reinalda is Senior Researcher at the Department of Political Science and Public Administration at Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. He has co-edited studies about autonomous policy-making by, decision-making within, and implementation by international organizations (with Bertjan Verbeek and Jutta Joachim). He has published the Routledge History of International Organizations: From 1815 to the Present Day (2009) and has edited the Ashgate Research Companion to Non-State Actors (2011) and the Routledge Handbook of International Organization (2013). Together with Kent Kille, the College of Wooster, he is editor of IO BIO, the Biographical Dictionary of Secretaries-General of International Organizations.

Stanley A. Renshon is Professor of Political Science at the City University of New York, and a certified psychoanalyst. He has published author of over 100 professional articles and 16 books in the areas of presidential leadership, American foreign policy and immigration, and American national identity. His most recent book is entitled Barack Obama and the Politics of Redemption (Routledge, 2012). His psychological analysis of the Clinton presidency High Hopes: The Clinton Presidency and the Politics of Ambition (Routledge, 1998) won the American Political Science Association’s Richard E. Neustadt Award for the best book published on the presidency and the National Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis’ Gradiva Award for the best published work in the category of biography.

R. A. W. Rhodes is Professor of Government (Research) at the University of Southampton (UK); Professor of Government at Griffith University (Brisbane, Australia); and Emeritus Professor of Politics at the University of Newcastle (UK). He is the author or editor of some thirty books including most recently: Everyday Life in British Government (Oxford (p. xx) University Press 2011). He is life Vice-President of the Political Studies Association of the United Kingdom; a Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia; and Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences (UK).

Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser holds a PhD from the Humboldt University of Berlin and is Associate Professor at the School of Political Science at the Universidad Diego Portales in Santiago de Chile. His coedited volume (with Cas Mudde) Populism in Europe and the Americas: Threat or Corrective for Democracy? has just been published by Cambridge University Press and his publications have appeared in Democratization, Government & Opposition, the Latin American Research Review, and Political Studies, among others.

Mark Schafer is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Central Florida. His primary research interests include groupthink, the operational code, and psychological correlates of foreign policy behaviour. His two most recent book projects are Groupthink vs. High Quality Decision Making in International Relations (Columbia University Press, 2010; co-authored with Scott Crichlow), and Rethinking Foreign Policy Analysis (Routledge, 2011; co-edited with Stephen G. Walker and Akan Malici).

Richard Shaw is Associate Professor in Politics at Massey University in Palmerston North, New Zealand. With Chris Eichbaum he has published widely on the various consequences of the growth in the numbers of political advisers in Westminster executives. His most recent publication, concerning the institutional consequences of the public value approach to public management, will appear in a forthcoming edition of Public Management Review ( 664017).

Cris Shore is Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Auckland. His research focuses on political anthropology and organizational cultures in a contemporary European and global context. He has published on the politics of the European Union, the anthropology of public policy, and higher education reform. He is author of eleven books including Building Europe: The Cultural Politics of European Integration (Routledge 2000), Corruption: Anthropological Perspectives (with Dieter Haller, Pluto, 2005), and Policy Worlds: Anthropology and the Analysis of Contemporary Power (with Susan Wright and Davide Pero, Berghahn 2011). He has held research fellowships at the European University Institute, Harvard, Aarhus and Bristol Universities. He currently leads an EU-funded project entitled University Reform, Globalization and Europeanization and another project examining the impact of commercialization on universities.

Laura Sjoberg is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Florida. Her teaching and research focuses on the area of gender and international security, where she has written or edited eight books and dozens of journal articles, including, most recently, Gendering Global Conflict: Towards a Feminist Theory of War (Columbia University Press, 2013). Her current research on gender and leadership looks to combine the insights of feminist work in leadership theory and feminist work in International (p. xxi) Relations to build a more comprehensive understanding of the role of gender in diplomatic politics.

Gerrie Swart lectures in African Politics and Political Conflict at the University of Stellenbosch, situated in the Western Cape, South Africa. He has published extensively on a wide array of topics related to the study of African affairs, including peace, conflict, and security matters, with specific emphasis on the African Union. His publications include A Vanquished Peace? Prospects for the Successful Reconstruction of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Adonis and Abbey Publishers, 2010). ‘Conflict Resolution Counselling’ in Counselling People of African Ancestry edited by Elias Mpofu (Cambridge University Press, 2011). He is also the Founding Editor of the newly established Journal of African Union Studies published by Adonis and Abbey in London.

Patricia Lee Sykes is Associate Professor of Government in the School of Public Affairs at American University in Washington, DC. She is the author of two books: Presidents and Prime Ministers: Conviction Politics in the Anglo-American Tradition and Losing from the Inside: The Cost of Conflict in the British Social Democratic Party and numerous articles in scholarly journals such as Studies in American Political Development, and Presidential Studies Quarterly. She is currently writing a book on female executives in six Anglo-American systems.

Paul ’t Hart is Professor of Public Administration at the Utrecht School of Governance and Associate Dean at The Netherlands School of Government in The Hague. Between 2005 and 2010 his main appointment was Professor of Political Science at the Australian National University, and he is a core faculty member at the Australia New Zealand School of Government (ANZSOG). His main books on leadership include: Groupthink in Government: A Study of Small Groups and Policy Failure (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994); The Politics of Crisis Management (co-authored with Arjen Boin, Eric Stern and Bengt Sundelius, Cambridge University Press, 2005); Dispersed Democratic Leadership (co-edited with John Kane and Haig Patapan, Oxford University Press, 2009); The Real World of EU Accountability (co-edited with Mark Bovens and Deirdre Curtin, Oxford University Press 2010); Understanding Prime-ministerial Performance (Oxford University Press, 2013; co-edited with Paul Strangio and James Walter); and Understanding Public Leadership (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014).

John Uhr is an Australian who completed his graduate research at the University of Toronto, Canada. He is the Inaugural Head of the Centre for the Study of Australian Politics at the Australian National University, Canberra, Australia. He contributed to and co-edited the 2011 Palgrave book, How Power Changes Hands: Transition and Succession in Government, with former ANU colleague Professor Paul ’t Hart. He has directed the ANU’s master of public policy program and now teaches political theory and Australian politics. His recent publications cover leadership, parliament, and government ethics.

Jo-Ansie van Wyk is Associate Professor at the Department of Political Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa. She has obtained an MA (Political (p. xxii) Science) from the University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch (South Africa) and a D Phil (International Relations) from the University of Pretoria, Pretoria. She is Fulbright Alumna and a member of the Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns (South African Academy for Science and Art). Her publications on leadership in Africa include: ‘Cadres, Capitalists, Elites and Coalitions: The ANC and Development in South Africa’, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet (Nordic Africa Institute (NAI)) Discussion Paper No. 46, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet: Uppsala, 2009, 61pp; ‘Political Leaders in Africa: Presidents, Patrons or Profiteers?’, African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) Occasional Paper Series, 2/1, 2007, 38pp. Her forthcoming publication (co-edited with Chris Landsberg) is South African Foreign Policy Review, Vol. 1 (Institute for Global Dialogue (IGD) and African Institute of South Africa (AISA), 2012).

Bertjan Verbeek is Professor of International Relations at the Department of Political Science and Public Administration of Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands, and Visiting Fellow of Crismart at the Swedish National Defence College, Stockholm, Sweden. He has co-edited studies about autonomous policy making by, decision making within, and implementation by international organizations (with Bob Reinalda and Jutta Joachim). He has published Decision-Making in Great Britain during the Suez Crisis (2003) and Italy’s Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century: The New Assertiveness of an Aspiring Middle Power (2011, edited with Giampiero Giacomello). His major research projects are When the Cavalry Comes In: A Comparative Analysis of Foreign Policy Crises, and International Organizations in Contemporary Global Politics.

James Walter is Professor of Political Science at Monash University, Melbourne, and previously held chairs at the University of London and at Griffith University, Brisbane. Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia, and former President of the Australian Political Studies Association, he has published widely on Australian politics, political history, the history of ideas, leadership, and political biography. His most recent books are What Were They Thinking? The Politics of Ideas in Australia (2010, winner of the APSA/Mayer prize for Australian Politics, 2011) and Understanding Prime Ministerial Performance (2013, with Paul Strangio and Paul ’t Hart).

John Wanna is the Sir John Bunting Chair in Public Administration at the Australian National University. His research interests include Australian politics and public policy, budgetary systems and reforms, policy implementation, and comparative government. His many books include The Reality of Budgetary Reform in OECD Nations: Trajectories and Consequences (Edward Elgar Publishing 2009), and Policy in Action: the Challenges of Service Delivery (UNSW Press 2009).

Patrick Weller is a professor in the School of Government and International relations at Griffith University in Australia. Recent publications include Cabinet Government in Australia (2007), Westminster Compared (with R. A. W. Rhodes and John Wanna) (2009) and Inside the World Bank (with Xu Yi-chong) (2009).

(p. xxiii) Bo Zhiyue is Visiting Distinguished Professor at the School of International and Public Affairs of Shanghai Jiaotong University and Senior Research Fellow at the East Asian Institute of the National University of Singapore. He obtained his Bachelor of Law and Masters of Law in International Politics from Peking University and Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Chicago. He is the author of a trilogy on China’s political leadership, including Chinese Provincial Leaders: Economic Performance and Political Mobility since 1949 (2002), China’s Elite Politics: Political Transition and Power Balancing (2007), and China’s Elite Politics: Governance and Democratization (2010).

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