- List of Contributors
- Puzzles of Political Leadership
- Western Political Thought
- Theory of Democratic Leadership
- Political Science
- Public Administration
- Political Psychology
- Psychoanalytic Theories
- Social Psychology
- Rational Choice Approaches to Leadership
- Institutional Analysis
- Contextual Analysis
- Decision Analysis
- Social-Constructionist Analysis
- Rhetorical and Performative Analysis
- Experimental Analysis
- Observational Analysis
- At-A-Distance Analysis
- Biographical Analysis
- Personality Profiling Analysis
- Civic Leadership
- Party and Electoral Leadership
- Populism and Political Leadership
- Performative Political Leadership
- Political Leadership in Networks
- Political Leadership in Times of Crisis
- Leadership and the American Presidency
- Presidential Communication from Hustings to Twitter
- Executive Leadership in Semi-Presidential Systems
- The Variability of Prime Ministers
- The Contingencies of Prime-Ministerial Power in the UK
- Prime Ministers and their Advisers in Parliamentary Democracies
- Cabinet Ministers: Leaders, Team Players, Followers?
- Local Political Leaders
- Regional Political Leadership
- Leadership and International Cooperation
- Leadership of International Organizations
- Political Leadership in China
- Latin American Leadership
- Post-Communist Leadership
- African Political Leadership
- Can Political Leadership be Taught?
- Does Gender Matter?
- What Have We Learned?
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter focuses on the decision-making models and biases used to explain the decisions of political leaders with a particular emphasis on foreign-policy decisions. We summarize some of the key debates and criticisms of the various approaches. Various models and theories are considered: rational choice theory, bounded rationality/cybernetic, organizational process model, bureaucratic politics model, prospect theory, and poliheuristic theory. Several biases are discussed: personality and beliefs, groupthink, polythink, and summary approaches. We conclude with a detailed discussion of the rational–cognitive debate as well as some thoughts for future progress in decision-making analysis.
David Brulé is an assistant professor of political science at Purdue University, Indiana. David’s research interests lie at the intersection of domestic politics and international relations. Specifically, he examines the effects of public opinion, economic conditions, and political institutions on national leaders’ conflict decisions.
Alex Mintz is Dean of the Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy at IDC-Herzliya, and Director of its Program in Political Psychology and Decision Making (POPDM). An expert on foreign policy analysis, he has published ten books and many articles in this area, including Understanding Foreign Policy Decision Making (with Karl DeRouen), Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Karl DeRouen, Jr., is Professor of Political Science, Director of the International Studies Program, and was a College of Arts and Science Faculty Fellow (2008–2011) at the University of Alabama. His research interests lie within the field of International Relations, specifically conflict analysis and foreign policy analysis. He is the co-author of Understanding Foreign Policy Decision Making (with Alex Mintz), Cambridge University Press 2010.
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