- List of Contributors
- Puzzles of Political Leadership
- Western Political Thought
- Theory of Democratic Leadership
- Political Science
- Public Administration
- Political Psychology
- Psychoanalytic Theories
- Social Psychology
- Rational Choice Approaches to Leadership
- Institutional Analysis
- Contextual Analysis
- Decision Analysis
- Social-Constructionist Analysis
- Rhetorical and Performative Analysis
- Experimental Analysis
- Observational Analysis
- At-A-Distance Analysis
- Biographical Analysis
- Personality Profiling Analysis
- Civic Leadership
- Party and Electoral Leadership
- Populism and Political Leadership
- Performative Political Leadership
- Political Leadership in Networks
- Political Leadership in Times of Crisis
- Leadership and the American Presidency
- Presidential Communication from Hustings to Twitter
- Executive Leadership in Semi-Presidential Systems
- The Variability of Prime Ministers
- The Contingencies of Prime-Ministerial Power in the UK
- Prime Ministers and their Advisers in Parliamentary Democracies
- Cabinet Ministers: Leaders, Team Players, Followers?
- Local Political Leaders
- Regional Political Leadership
- Leadership and International Cooperation
- Leadership of International Organizations
- Political Leadership in China
- Latin American Leadership
- Post-Communist Leadership
- African Political Leadership
- Can Political Leadership be Taught?
- Does Gender Matter?
- What Have We Learned?
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
Populism has appeared in different times and places. Allegedly, one of the few commonalities between all the different manifestations of populism is the existence of a charismatic and strong leader, who is able to mobilize the masses and control the political organization behind him or her. In this chapter we have argued instead that this type of leadership is not a defining attribute of populism. We define populism as an ideology or world view that assumes that society is characterized by a Manichean division between ‘the pure people’ and ‘the corrupt elite’. This means that populism is not always constructed from above—that is, by a powerful leader; many societies count a significant number of people who believe in the populist set of ideas, irrespective of the presence of a populist leader. In fact, populism exists with various types of leadership and can even be leaderless. In short, the link between political leadership and populism is much more complicated, as much of the literature suggests, and deserves more careful attention.
Cas Mudde is Associate Professor in the School of Public and International Affairs of the University of Georgia and researcher at the Center for Research on Extremism of the University of Oslo. He is co-author of Populism: A Very Short Introduction.
Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser holds a PhD from the Humboldt University of Berlin and is a Marie Curie research fellow at the Department of Politics of the University of Sussex. His coedited volume (with Cas Mudde) Populism in Europe and the Americas: Threat or Corrective for Democracy? Has just been published by Cambridge University Press and his publications have appeared in Democratization and the Latin American Research Review, among others.
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