- List of Contributors
- Puzzles of Political Leadership
- Western Political Thought
- Theory of Democratic Leadership
- Political Science
- Public Administration
- Political Psychology
- Psychoanalytic Theories
- Social Psychology
- Rational Choice Approaches to Leadership
- Institutional Analysis
- Contextual Analysis
- Decision Analysis
- Social-Constructionist Analysis
- Rhetorical and Performative Analysis
- Experimental Analysis
- Observational Analysis
- At-A-Distance Analysis
- Biographical Analysis
- Personality Profiling Analysis
- Civic Leadership
- Party and Electoral Leadership
- Populism and Political Leadership
- Performative Political Leadership
- Political Leadership in Networks
- Political Leadership in Times of Crisis
- Leadership and the American Presidency
- Presidential Communication from Hustings to Twitter
- Executive Leadership in Semi-Presidential Systems
- The Variability of Prime Ministers
- The Contingencies of Prime-Ministerial Power in the UK
- Prime Ministers and their Advisers in Parliamentary Democracies
- Cabinet Ministers: Leaders, Team Players, Followers?
- Local Political Leaders
- Regional Political Leadership
- Leadership and International Cooperation
- Leadership of International Organizations
- Political Leadership in China
- Latin American Leadership
- Post-Communist Leadership
- African Political Leadership
- Can Political Leadership be Taught?
- Does Gender Matter?
- What Have We Learned?
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter reviews a range of social psychological approaches, such as transactional models, transformational models and social identity models, which analyse leadership in terms of the interactions between leaders and followers. Following the social identity approach, the authors show how leadership needs to be understood as a relationship between leaders and followers within a social group, and hence that effective leadership is a form of social identity management. They then dissect the various dimensions of this management process. Skilled leaders need actively to construe themselves as embodying the norms and values of the group, they need to construe their acts as being in the interests of the group, and they need to be effective in translating group norms and priorities into practical realities. The authors conclude by arguing that the relationship between leadership and democracy depends upon the relative weight accorded to leaders and followers in defining the group identity and hence the priorities for group action.
Stephen D. Reicher is Professor of Social Psychology at the University of St. Andrews (Scotland). He has been influential in developing the social identity approach to group processes, which has become the dominant paradigm in the field. His book with Alex Haslam and Michael Platow, 'The New Psychology of Leadership' was published by Psychology Press in 2011 and was awarded the best book prize at the International Leadership Association conference in 2012.
S. Alexander Haslam is Professor of Psychology and Australian Laureate Fellow at the University of Queensland. His work with colleagues around the world focuses on the study of social identity in social and organizational contexts. This is represented in his most recent books: The New Psychology of Leadership: Identity, Influence and Power (with Stephen Reicher and Michael Platow, Psychology Press, 2011) and The Social Cure: Identity, Influence and Power (with Jolanda Jetten and Catherine Haslam, Sage, 2012). He is Fellow of the Canadian Institute of Advanced Research and a former recipient of EASP’s Lewin Medal for research excellence.
Michael J. Platow is Professor of Social Psychology at the Australian National University. He has been influential in developing the social identity approach to group processes, which has become the dominant paradigm in the field. His book with Stephen Reicher and Alex Haslam, 'The New Psychology of Leadership' was published by Psychology Press in 2011 and was awarded the best book prize at the International Leadership Association conference in 2012.
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