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date: 18 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the scale, pattern, nature, and causes of rising labor disputes in China and provides a review of various internal and external labor dispute resolution institutions and mechanisms including informal consultation and conciliation, enterprise labor dispute mediation committees, enterprise trade unions, collective consultation, staff and workers representative congresses, employer initiated workplace employee voice mechanisms, workers’ spontaneous industrial actions, mediation, arbitration, litigation, labor inspection, and petition. While the Chinese dispute resolution system has clearly moved away from the traditional, strictly administrative approach, significant deficits exist in every mechanism of dispute resolution. It is argued that more sophisticated institutions and mechanisms of labor dispute resolution are needed to meet the challenges posed by China’s further economic and social transition.

Keywords: China, labor disputes, industrial actions, dispute resolution, trade unions

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