- About the Contributors
- Formal Models of Legislatures
- The Sociology of Legislators and Legislatures
- Typologies and Classifications
- Roll-Call Analysis and the Study of Legislatures
- Words as Data: Content Analysis in Legislative Studies
- Debate and Deliberation in Legislatures
- Interviews and Surveys in Legislative Research
- The Experimental Study of Legislative Behaviour
- Candidate Selection: Implications and Challenges for Legislative Behaviour
- The Effect of Electoral Institutions on Legislative Behaviour
- Gender and Legislatures
- Roles in Legislatures
- Legislative Careers
- Procedure and Rules in Legislatures
- The Politics of Bicameralism
- Political Parties and Legislators
- Party Discipline
- Legislative Party Switching
- Legislative Institutions and Coalition Government
- Institutional Foundations of Legislative Agenda-Setting
- Legislatures and Public Finance
- Legislatures, Lobbying, and Interest Groups
- Legislatures and Foreign Policy
- Common Agency? Legislatures and Bureaucracies
- Political Behaviour in the European Parliament
- Sub-National Legislatures
- The Study of Legislatures in Latin America
- Legislatures in Central and Eastern Europe
- Authoritarian Legislatures
- Reluctant Democrats and Their Legislatures
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses the use of experiments to study legislative behavior. It begins by clarifying what the word experiment means and considers critical aspects of variation in experimental approaches. It then looks at two approaches employed by social scientists—observational research and experimental research—and the differences between them. It also examines experimental designs, focusing on the distinction between random assignment and random sampling. The chapter reviews three applications of experiments in legislatures: legislative voting; parliamentary coalitions; and responsiveness and legislators as subjects. Finally, it addresses some of the challenges and limitations in the experimental study of legislatures and highlights future possibilities.
Keywords: experiments, legislative behavior, observational research, experimental research, experimental designs, legislatures, legislative voting, parliamentary coalitions, responsiveness, legislators
James N. Druckman is Payson S. Wild Professor of Political Science and a Faculty Fellow at the Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University.
Thomas J. Leeper is a Post-Doctoral Researcher in the Department of Political Science and Government, Aarhus University.
Kevin J. Mullinix is a Doctoral Candidate in Political Science and Graduate Fellow at the Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University.
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