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date: 14 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the interrelated causes and experiences of forced migration within the Great Lakes and Horn of Africa, two regions with protracted crises of conflict and displacement. It argues that mainstream encampment and hostile host governments’ policies toward self-settlement prevent local integration of displaced populations and that the institution of asylum in the Great Lakes and Horn of Africa is under pressure reflected, inter alia, in the proliferation of refugee camps and forcible repatriation of refugees to countries where their safety and security cannot be guaranteed. After providing an overview of the causes and types of displacement in the two regions that have generated large numbers of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), it looks at the problem of human trafficking and the erosion of the African tradition of ‘open door’ policies used to be pursued by many states to help refugees and IDPs.

Keywords: forced migration, Great Lakes, Horn of Africa, displacement, encampment, self-settlement, local integration, asylum, internally displaced persons, human trafficking

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