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date: 11 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines one of the most emblematic recent cases of forced migration—protracted displacement in and from Afghanistan—along with complex cases of forced migration and statelessness caused by conflict and environmental stress in Central Asia. It begins with an overview of past, current, and future challenges confronting the region plagued by the ethnicization of public life and the proliferation of Islamist groups. It then considers the protracted refugee crisis in Afghanistan and population displacements in the former Soviet Republics induced by a series of conflicts and environmental disasters. It shows how conflict and the processes of nation building and state building have resulted in massive displacements in the region.

Keywords: forced migration, displacement, Afghanistan, statelessness, conflict, Central Asia, protracted refugee crisis, environmental disasters, nation building, state building

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