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date: 11 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the challenges of protracted encampment and local integration in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), focusing on the plight of Palestinians in Lebanon, Sahrawis in South-West Algeria, and Iraqis in Jordan. It begins with a discussion of the political and legal frameworks governing the situation of refugees in the MENA region. It then highlights the diversity of the causes, experiences, and responses to forced migration from different perspectives and looks at a number of major crises affecting refugees and internally displaced persons. It also considers other forms of displacement, including climate-induced displacement, trafficking, and statelessness, as well as the host-displacee relationships. The chapter concludes by analysing the main challenges of using refugee camps as a residential solution for refugees in the MENA region.

Keywords: encampment, local integration, Middle East, North Africa, Palestinians, Sahrawis, Iraqis, refugees, forced migration, internally displaced persons

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