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date: 18 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the historical development of international law for the protection of stateless persons and its relationship with the international status of refugees, along with the prevention and reduction of statelessness. It looks at the 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. It then highlights contemporary challenges to the prevention and reduction of statelessness, including the debate about whether statelessness is ‘de facto’ or ‘de jure’, lack of procedures for the determination of statelessness, and persistent gaps and discrimination in nationality laws. The chapter concludes by outlining a number of promising developments for progress in addressing statelessness, particularly the emerging role of human rights law in protecting the rights of stateless people and reducing statelessness.

Keywords: international law, protection, stateless persons, statelessness, 1954 Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons, 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, nationality laws, human rights law, refugees

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