Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the development of an international protection regime for internally displaced persons (IDPs) who have not crossed a border to become refugees, as well as the protection gaps that remain. It begins with a discussion of the causes of internal displacement, such as armed conflict and natural disasters, and the estimated number of IDPs worldwide. It then explains the differences between IDPs and refugees and considers the debate over whether to consider IDPs as a distinct category of concern. It also looks at the legal framework for protecting IDPs, focusing on the ‘Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement’ developed by the Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General on Internally Displaced Persons, along with conventions, laws, and policies.
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