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date: 11 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

During the middle decades of the seventeenth century, the Moravian pedagogue and pansophist, Jan Amos Comenius (1592‒1670), articulated an all-embracing program of “universal reformation.” Retracing the roots of this now unfamiliar vision reveals that Comenius drew inspiration from a large number of intertwined traditions, many dating back to the pre-Reformation era, united by their dissatisfaction with the magisterial Reformations of Luther and Calvin, and sustained by the desire to pursue further reformation on a broader front. Together, these neglected traditions bridge the historiographical chasm between the radical reformation of the early sixteenth century and the advent of Pietism in the latter seventeenth and thereby have the potential to reshape conceptions of the “long Reformation.”

Keywords: Reformation, dissent, irenicism, Ramism, pansophia, millenarianism, alchemy, Paracelsianism, Rosicrucian manifestos, Jan Amos Comenius

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