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date: 22 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This contribution sketches controversial, historical, and contemporary interpretations of the Reformation and of Luther and argues for an understanding of the Reformation that takes account of the unique historical significance of the stimuli that originated from Wittenberg. It draws a succinct biographical and theological account of Luther’s development. In his life but also in the history of the “Lutheran” confession that came to bear his name, theological controversies proved particularly important events and galvanizing factors. Distinctive features of Lutheran confessional culture were informed by Luther’s literary and ecclesiastical‒political initiatives and by the particular significance of universities in the Lutheran Reformation.

Keywords: Lutheran confessional culture, Enlightenment, Melanchthon, confessionalization, apocalypticism, the Augsburg Interim, printing, Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt, Formula of Concord, antinomianism

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