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date: 30 July 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on ‘A Public Management for all Seasons?” Authored in 1991 by Christopher Hood, the seminal chapter introduced the term “New Public Management” (NPM) for the first time to describe the reforms that had been around in the public sector in many countries, particularly English-speaking countries, since the early 1980s. The chapter summarizes the main assumptions of Hood’s paper, focusing on NPM’s seven different doctrinal components: hands-on professional management, explicit standards and measures of performance, greater emphasis on output control, disaggregation of units, greater competition, private sector styles of management, and discipline and parsimony in resource utilization. It also considers the set of doctrines proposed by Hood that combine managerialism with economic rationalism. Finally, it assesses the NPM-based administrative reforms based on the premise that effective vertical managerial accountability would translate to better performance.

Keywords: public administration, public management, Christopher Hood, New Public Management, professional management, performance, managerialism, economic rationalism, administrative reforms, accountability

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