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date: 12 July 2020

(p. 711) Index

(p. 711) Index

Abizadeh, A. 287, 294n.17, 643n.5, 658–9
abstraction 3n.6, 223, 229, 331, 377, 383, 608–9
accommodation 204, 240, 243, 248–9, 427, 576, 579–80, 583, 586–7, 589–91
Adler, M. 66n.1, 69, 71, 250
affirmative action 240, 248, 505–11
agency freedom 204–5
agent centered theories 8, 310
agent neutral theories 8, 310
aggregation 19, 59, 110, 122–4, 146, 269, 273, 357, 376, 389, 399, 405n.7, 439, 548, 629
Ahdar, R. 577
Alexander, L. 167, 178, 182–3, 185, 328, 483
Allen, B. 393, 402
allocative principle of distributive justice 19–20
Ally, M. 667n.6
Altman, A. 489–90
altruism 51, 182n.10, 192, 218, 263, 265n.4, 267, 277, 635, 692
Anthony, L. 265, 279
Anticorrelated Case 78–82, 83n.16
anti-fetishist move 113
anti-natalism 417–18
anti-paternalism 207n.19
anti-perfectionism 450–1, 454–6
anti-perfectionist
education 450
theory of justice 406
views 451
Appiah, A. 235, 585
Aristotelian
inclinations 268
perfectionism 524
principle 271–2, 521
Arnold, S. 518n.5, 522–3
Arrow, K. 461–2
assurance 289–90, 556, 561
asymmetry 164, 177
of cultures 594
of desert 161–2, 164, 170, 177, 186–7, 189, 191–3
of justice 690
of power 65
of treatment 422
Atkinson, A. 69n.4, 81n.14
atomism 673–4, 681
authenticity-recognition 237, 239, 243–6, 248–50, 253
autonomous
agents/persons 147, 158–9, 214, 220, 456n.18
behavior 394
choices 168n.8, 394
decision making 201
governance 363–5
individuals 221, 230
self-government 200
Avraham, R. 178n.2, 179n.5
Axelrod, R. 336nn.15–16
Baker, J. 101–2, 400, 409
Bakunin, M. 289n.9
Banerjee, A. 475
Barclay, L. 121
Barnes, G. 144
Barnes, M. 220n.1, 222, 226
Baron-Cohen, S. 395
Barrett, S. 571, 680
Barry, B. 243–4, 581, 584, 620, 694–5
basic liberties 13–15, 18, 21, 28–9, 32–4, 38, 95, 122, 295, 429, 520, 522–3, 604–5, 608, see also liberties
Batalova, J. 641n.4
Beckerman, W. 667n.6
Bedau, H. 2, 4
behavioural
differences 266, 395–7, 402
patterns 264
Beitz, C. 620, 623, 631
Beitzig, L. 263
Bell, A. G. 328
Benatar, D. 392–3, 398, 418, 474, 475
Benedick, R. E. 680
Beneficiary Pays Principle 667, 683–4
benefit principle 567–71
Benjamin, J. 396
Benn, S. I. 291–2, 294
Bergmann, B. 407
Berlin, I. 516
Bertram, C. 547
Bicchieri, C. 289n.11
biological
account of health 463, 470
capabilities 463
constraints 405
differences 395, 419–20, 499–500
diversity 563
endowment 440, 444
facts 392, 402–3
families 419
make-up 612
parents 418–19
relation/kin 416, 418
role in reproduction 391
theories 331
biology 265, 275–7, 419–20
Bird, C. 236, 249, 390, 410, 593
Blake, M. 288, 293–4, 621–2, 625–7, 633, 636, 642, 648
Blinder, A. 19n.7, 36
Boehm, C. 264
Bognar, G. 73n.10
borders 8, 105, 145, 148, 293, 294n.17, 619, 640–60
Botterell, A. 422
Bou-Habib, P. 424, 456, 586
Bovens, L. 73n.7, 79n.13, 148n.43, 668
Bowden, P. 217–19, 226
Boxill, B. R. 509
brain drain 655–6
Brake, E. 400, 405–6, 415n.1
Braybrooke, D. 99–103
Brennan, G. 251–2, 429
Brock, G. 98n.6, 99–102, 229, 474, 636, 642, 656
Bronfenbrenner, M. 544n.11
Broome, J. 69, 70n.5, 80, 82, 669
Brosnan, S. 264
Brown, C. 73n.8
Brown, G. 442n.9
Brown, W. 249
Bubeck, D. 226
Buchanan, A. 2, 467, 628
Buddhism 578
Buffet, W. 471, 631
Butler, J. 249
Cabrera, L. 630–1
Campbell, T. D. 2, 3n.7, 381–3
Cancian, F. 263
capability/capabilitarian
approach 7, 109–22, 124–6
as metric of justice 112, 119 (p. 713)
capitalism 14, 16–17, 21, 23, 33, 36, 38, 501, 514, 530, 628
capitalist
exploitation 545–7
free markets 63
societies 17, 530
system 23
welfare state 22–3, 34, 37
capitalists 38, 144, 216, 544
Card, C. 222, 400
Carnevale, A. P. 518
Carter, I. 113, 121, 376–7
Castles, S. 644n.6
causation 182, 624
Cavalieri, P. 261
Chakraborty, A. 122
Chambers, C. 394
charity 2, 220, 264, 620
Chavez, A. 289n.11
child
allowances 25
bearing 100
custody 29
childcare 216, 218, 231, 263, 277, 394, 406–8, 444, 514
childrearing burdens 19, 246
Christianity 237–8, 247, 249, 578, 583, 588, 593
Christiano, T. 1n.2, 285n.3, 287n.5, 294, 298n.19
Christman, J. 200n.8
Chwe, M. S.-Y. 250
citizenship 218, 236, 239, 246, 448, 450, 520, 524, 526n.13, 528–30, 630, 641, 643–4
civic
capabilities 471
entitlements 241
equality/equals 253, 321
friendship 362
opportunities 583
recognition 252
rights 467
civil
liberties 242, 682
rights 241, 295, 482
society 214–15, 227n.3, 246, 591, 604, 606
Claassen, R. 114, 121
Clarke, S. 346–7, 349, 357
Clement, G. 224, 226
climate change 632, 641, 664–73, 675–6, 678–83, 685, 695, 705
climate/climatic
justice 677, 680
policies 665, 669–70, 673
responsibilities 667, 671–2, 677–81, 683, 685
targets 670
treaty 680
Coase, R. H. 335, 557–8
Cochrane, A. 261
coercion 2, 4, 101–2, 144, 200, 202, 259, 293, 381, 519, 586, 621, 633, 635
Cohen, J. 354n.9, 629, 650
Coker, J. 70n.5
Cole, M. A. 668
Cole, P. 649, 651n.12
Collier, P. 636, 656
commensurability 103–4, 192, 201n.10
compensatory
affirmative action 507
justice 248, 507–8, 674
measures 248
social insurance system 22
compossibility test 379–80
concept/conception distinction 367, 382
conceptions 3n.6, 15, 20, 24n.14, 28–9, 83n.16, 245–6, 249, 293, 295, 300, 352, 354, 359, 367–8, 369, 373, 383, 452, 509, 541, 612
of advantage 205
of citizenship 236, 520, 528, 530
of coercion 381
of compensation 508
of contractualism 324
of culture 593
of desert 168, 171, 180
of equal opportunity 439–42, 444, 454
of equality 13, 45, 47, 316n.10, 434, 484n.8
of exploitation 539, 544, 547, 549–53
of fairness 47
of health 284
of human evolution 277
of human nature 259
of inequality 140
of justification 318, 347
of law 219, 227
of liberty 130, 140n.27
of luck egalitarianism 315
of man 219
of morality 253, 457
of neutrality 607
of political morality 449, 457
of politics 457
of punishment 311
of religion 450, 456
of responsibility 160
of rights 147n.39, 219, 227
of salvation 247
of self-ownership 133
of social reform 267
of society 360
of the good life 117, 195, 199, 405, 549, 606, 616
of the ideal 200
of the world 577
of value 548, 564
of welfare 45–6, 204
or parental authority 453n.16
concepts 3, 89, 113, 120, 153, 156, 169, 355, 367–8, 373, 382–4, 439, 550n.15, 552, 584, 628
of choice 165
of compliance 339
of desert 103, 106, 152–3, 160, 165
of dignity 250
of discrimation 480n.2, 496
of domination 547
of entitlement 153
of equality 103, 106
of esteem 251
of exploitation 543, 547
of freedom 381
of gender 392
of intention 547
of law 371n.3, 381
of liberal individual 219
of life plans 476
of morals 169
of moral tragedy 636
of needs 88, 103, 106
of ownership 130
of personal identity 236
of political morality 381
of power 547
of race 499
of respect 251
of self-ownership 132
of sexual harassment 397
of vulnerability 540
conceptual
analysis 8, 367, 369n.1, 370–2, 381–3
differences 117
explication 375, 377
explorations 381
independence 287
unity 384
Connolly, W. E. 249
consequentialism 8, 14, 20, 31, 59, 69n.4, 130, 158, 192, 221, 273, 306–13, 325, 451–3, 457
nonconsequentialism 308–11
consequentialist
nonconsequentialists 8, 308, 457
punishment 192
views concerning obligations 691n.2
conservatism 259, 276
conservative 222, 264–5
arguments 278
belief 266
conception of justice 267
doctrines 260
emphasis on human nature 268
implications 260
views 267, 276–8
conservatives 23, 43, 259, 264–7, 276–9
constitutional
democracies 359
essentials 30, 355
rights 581–2
constructivism 8, 346–8, 351–3, 369n.1, 502
constructivist
approaches 348, 370
forms of argument 346, 353
methodology 370
methods 346
reasoning 349, 354
contractarian
account of justice 691
approach 698, 700
contractarianism 434, 698
contractualism 306, 310n.4, 319–25, 692
contractualist 33, 69n.4
account of justice 691
account of wrongness 707
analysis of wrongness 319
doctrine 273
ideal 323
justice 307
perspective 325
Copp, D. 99–101
cosmopolitan
care 229
principles 289
right and Kant 620
solidarity 266
cosmopolitanism 87, 213, 289, 485n.11, 621–4
criminal
acts 192
behaviour 266, 486
justice 3n.8
law 42, 53, 56, 162–3, 239
punishment 186
Crisp, R. 73n.7, 97, 272–3, 468
Crothers, L. 643
Cudd, A. 409
Cudworth, R. 349n.5
Cullity, G. 556n.1
culpability 167, 180, 182, 190n.17, 627, 629
cultural
allegiances 576, 579, 590
animals 269
artefacts 557
assimilation 243 (p. 716)
commitments 576, 583–5, 589
communities 243
differences 243–4, 576–9
disadvantages 206
diversity 576–7, 658
environment 196, 206–8
explanation 274
freedom 578, 581–2, 589
groups 236, 243, 577, 579, 583, 594
heritage and inheritances 240, 557
identities 243, 582, 585
integrity 594
liberty 578–9
life 18n.6, 587
minorities 8, 576
norms 586
opportunities 13, 16–18, 28–9, 32, 34, 590, 600, 615
practices 423, 576, 578–9, 581, 586
rights and claims 585, 594
similarities 634
societies 594
traditions 423
transmission 261
values 34
Czaika, M. 641n.3
Daniels, N. 260n.1, 462–8, 470, 473, 476
Darity, W. 505
Darwall, S. 342
Davis, K. 265
Deci, E. L. 528
de Haas, H. 641n.3
de Jasay, A. 556, 561
deliberative
body 632
freedoms 479, 487–9
functions 633
obligations 631
processes 120
democratic
citizens 27, 249, 434, 447, 520–1, 524
citizenship 448, 520, 524, 526n.13, 528–30
culture 519
decisions 27, 450
deliberation 120, 560, 599
egalitarianism 307–8, 312–23, 325, 467, 471
equality 120, 319, 321, 447, 467, 471, 495
governance 239
institutions 294, 633
interpretation 17–18
legitimacy 633
majorities 573
procedures/processes 298, 433, 450, 562
reciprocity 31, 33, 37–8
virtues 449
welfare 27
welfare state 21–2
deontic
distributive justice 479, 485, 487, 496
egalitarianism 485, 487
prioritarianism 273
unfairness 705
deontological
constraints 182n.10
grounds 221
perspective 325
theories 8, 307–9
deontology 209, 306–8, 310–12, 325
De Schutter, H. 598n.1, 611, 613
desert-based
approaches 87
distributive justice 186, 188, 193
entitlements 185–6
goodness 157
justice 152
patterned theories 186, 189
punishment 185–6
de-Shalit, A. 114, 560, 699
determinism 49, 182n.10
De Waal, F. 261, 264, 275, 277
(p. 717) De Wispelaere, J. 422
Diamond, J. 277
Diamond, M. 266
disabilities 29, 38, 42, 60, 62, 66, 68, 71–2, 73n.9, 78, 115, 117, 204, 409, 417, 421, 473
discretionary public goods 562, 566–9, 571–3
distributive
paradigm 5, 244
rules 111, 119, 122–3, 125
Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform Act 628–9
Doherty, B. 643
Doppelt, G. 515, 521
Doyal, L. 100
Doyle, O. 493
Dreier, J. 309n.3, 310
DuBois, W. E. B. 505, 510
Duff, A. 180
Duus-Otterström, G. 677n.16, 683n.19, 684
Düvell, F. 641n.4
Dworkinian
approach 610
argument for linguistic evenhandedness 609
distributive justice 487n.14, 549, 609
envy test 123
equal status-recognition 242
principles 57
resources 118n.3, 122
response 486
Easterly, W. 636
economic
advantages/benefits 2, 129, 142, 145–6, 149, 162–4, 396, 641
burdens 129, 142, 149, 641
cooperation 29, 30, 659, 693
distribution 14, 16, 19, 22, 632
efficiency 34, 598
equality 89, 91
goods 4, 241, 449
inequalities 16–17, 27–8, 35, 95, 417, 431, 456, 559, 617
institutions 1, 19, 421, 448, 530
justice 15, 19–21, 87, 650
opportunities 238, 242, 576, 612, 615
production 19, 21, 30, 447
prosperity 142, 145
reciprocity 30–1, 37
relationships 530, 628, 637, 650–1
systems 14–15, 17, 19–25, 27, 33–6, 171, 320
economics 23, 69n.5, 81n.14, 110, 122, 125, 220, 548
economists 22, 144n.33, 145, 251, 505, 533, 544, 553, 556–7, 559, 567n.8, 598, 609
ecumenism 346–9, 353–6, 361–3
educational
achievements 439–41, 444
adequacy 447, 450, 452
advantages/benefits/goods 18, 440, 442, 444, 446–7, 453–4, 517
authority 451
background 517
choices 452
circumstances 423
consequentialism 451–2
curricula 240, 579
development 17
disadvantages 441
fairness 444 (p. 718)
inequalities 439, 446
institutions 439, 447–50
investments 262
justice 433, 438, 440, 444–5, 447–8, 452, 457
malleability 265
needs 421
opportunities 8, 13, 16–17, 34, 321, 429, 438–40, 444–5, 454
outcome 452
performance 389
resources 429, 439–0, 444
success 438–9
egalitarian
accounts and approaches 44, 90, 322, 390, 430–1, 447, 485, 535–6, 541, 670, 692
claims 383, 542, 705
conceptions 24n.14, 236, 290, 308, 396, 416, 441, 454
distributions 28, 275, 285, 290, 313, 430
division of labor 403
ethos 23n.12, 285, 484
fairness 82
health 470
healthcare 462
principles 22, 307, 313, 353, 358–70, 675, 677
relationships 263, 317, 390
social perfectionism 519, 528
social relations 494–5
society 13, 28, 290, 445, 560, 576
status-recognition 241–2
theories and views 7, 41, 51–2, 59, 65, 68, 70n.5, 80–1, 124, 186–7, 301, 397, 407, 433, 445, 488, 492–3, 536, 551, 573, 611, 615, 692, 675–6, 705–6
values 140, 330n.3
egalitarianism 65, 68, 81
democratic 307–8, 312–23, 325, 467, 471
deontic 485, 487
final-well-being 81–2
gender 391, 407, 409, 411
in health 472
pluralist 67–8, 70n.5, 81
political 65
Rawlsian 519
relational 96–7, 307, 316n.12, 433, 491
social relations 494–6
telic 485
time-slice 475
egoism 218, 310
Einstein, A. 632
Eisgruber, C. 583, 585, 587n.4, 588
Elkin, S. L. 330
Elster, J. 536–7, 545, 547, 548n.12, 553
emotions 121, 215, 218, 221, 228, 261n.2, 398, 503
empathy 216–17, 221, 224, 228, 259, 262–3, 267, 277, 395
employment 8, 23, 52–3, 91, 225, 276, 398–9, 406, 440, 442, 445–6, 454, 462, 513, 544, 581–3, 590–2, 658, see also unemployment
Endogenous Instrumentalist View 287
Enlightenment 504
environment 29, 32, 34, 100, 103, 121, 187, 196, 205–8, 232, 250, 275, 298n.18, 337, 396, 440–1, 444, 502, 509, 564, 603
environmental
adaptation 274
advantages 208
amenities 566
conservation 147
disadvantages 205–8
goods 7, 196, 557, 560, 564n.6
philosophers 563
problems 526, 680
protection 147, 266
regulations 558
resources 702
triggers 279
environmentalists 560, 563–4
envy 66, 272, 274, 692
envy test 44, 46, 123, 608
Epicurus 86n.2
equal
(p. 719) basic liberties 13, 15, 18, 21, 28, 33, 38
benefit principle 569–71
claims 138, 141, 203, 207
distribution 13, 24n.14, 41–2, 89, 95, 104, 139n.25, 209, 274, 276, 351, 484, 486, 588, 608
liberties 14, 27, 122–3, 521, 583, 693
treatment 13, 580, 601
equality 3, 13–14, 21, 26–7, 38, 41–2, 45–6, 49, 56, 58–9, 61, 65–70, 81–2, 88–91, 93–8, 103–6, 109, 111, 115, 120, 123, 125, 165–7, 186, 219, 239, 241–2, 249, 253, 260–2, 266, 268, 272, 274–5, 288, 290, 293, 295, 298n.19, 306–7, 312–13, 315, 316n.10, 317, 320, 325, 333n.10, 340, 390, 397, 399, 402, 428, 431–4, 439, 450, 455, 463, 476, 484n.8, 485n.10, 486n.12, 508, 518, 526, 528, 538, 569, 582, 584, 588, 592–3, 621, 623–5, 630–1, 634, 636, 642, 670, 685
in health 472–3, 475
of capabilities 118
of condition 60, 63
of economic powers 29
of income 29
of labour 544–5
of liberties 38
of life prospects 91–2
of moral standing 494
of resources 22, 42–3, 45, 48, 50, 53–6, 92, 486, 559, 608, 675
of shares 55, 349, 351
of wealth 29
of welfare 28, 45, 47–9, 118n.3, 211n.21, 473
Equality Act 592n.9
esteem 92, 181, 246, 251–2, 513, 516, 521, 525–7, 529
Estlund, D. 286, 287nn.5–6, 329n.2, 337, 338n.20, 340
ethics 8, 110, 307–8, 312–14, 325, 359
of authenticity-recognition 249
of care 8, 213–17, 219–31, 400
of justice 216–17
of migration 640, 642
of war 668
ethnic
conflict 221
groups 237, 606
ethnicity 235, 403, 409, 411, 582n.2, 600
European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) 577, 581, 588–9
European
ancestry 472
countries 16, 582
jurisdictions 577, 581–2
European Union 634, 643
evenhandedness 603, 607–11
evolution 245, 260, 264, 277
evolutionary
data 260, 276
debunking explanations 260, 272
findings 265–8, 276, 278–9
origin 266
science 260, 266, 276, 278
scientists 259
ex ante vs. ex post distribution 45, 50–3, 60, 63, 79, 291
exemptions 240, 580–9, 591, 592n.9
Exogenous Instrumental View 283–4, 286
expensive tastes 48–9, 119, 424, 425n.9, 563, 569–71, 614–15
exploitation 8, 222, 277, 289, 390, 400, 475, 533–53
externalities 22, 53, 56–7, 558–9, 564, 609–10
Eyal, N. 51, 165–6, 167, 474
Ezorsky, G. 185n.12, 515
Faden, R. 467
fair background 15, 312, 397, 584, 604, 606–8, 611, 615
fair division 349, 353–4, 356
of assets/goods 29, 215
of labour 398
fair equality of opportunity (FEO) 13–19, 22, 33–4, 38, 301, 405–6, 432n.17, 462, 464–6, 468, 470, 498, 506, 523, 583, 585, 604, 693
familial
goods 432
intimacy 432
relationship goods 452–3
values 433
family 8, 14, 66, 213–14, 216–17, 220, 223–4, 226–7, 263, 265, 270, 278, 291, 300, 391, 393–4, 402, 405–7, 416, 419, 423–5, 430, 440, 453, 467, 476, 481, 513, 517–18, 528, 585, 591, 602, 612, 636, 649, 655
allowances 18–19, 25
background 433–4, 440
circumstances 18
identity 611
reunification 660
values 276
federal
forms 632
law 587
structure 632–3
system 640n.1
federalism 631, 633
Feinberg, J. 152–4, 161, 451, 588
Ferguson, B. 537, 542n.9, 552–3
Ferzan, K. K. 167, 178, 182
feudal
exploitation 545–6
privilege 644
society 475
Fickling, D. 643
Fine, C. 395
Fine, S. 641, 659
Finnis, J. 278
Firestone, S. 402
Fishkin, J. 441, 636
fittingness 153, 155
Flanders, C. 180
Fleischaker, S. 1n.1
Fleurbaey, F. 43, 45, 47, 51
Fleurbaey, M. 74, 79, 81–2, 114, 168
fortune 41–3, 53, 80, 184, 187, 190, see also luck, misfortune
Frailberg, S. 419
Frankfurt, H. 87, 89–93, 96, 99, 102–3, 467
Fraser, N. 235, 241, 245, 390, 407
freedom 7, 20, 87, 94, 112, 116, 119, 121, 125, 131, 134, 142, 144, 184, 204–5, 238, 243–4, 265, 271, 306, 360, 376–7, 381, 394, 405, 408, 450, 452, 479, 487–9, 495, 528, 553, 578, 581, 587–8, 592
from discrimination 604
from harassment 100
from interference 130, 702
from self-monitoring 455
from subordination 523
of choice 181n.9, 391, 517
of conscience 13, 23n.12, 239, 449–50
of contract 21
of exit 657
of expression 245, 646
of movement 520, 640–69
of occupation 285, 393, 515–17, 521
of political participation 95
of religion 576, 578, 582, 587–90
of speech 605
of the political community 621
of worship 251
to achieve well-being 122
to emigrate 657
to pursue rational aims 204n.13
see also unfreedoms
Frick, J. 79n.12
Fricker, M. 397
Fried, B. 132–3, 145
Friedman, M. 22, 369
Fried, M. H. 514
future generations 8, 34, 38, 105, 317–18, 322, 520, 669, 677, 689–99, 701, 705–7, see also intergenerational justice
Galeotti, A. E. 585
Gallie, W. B. 383–4
Galston, W. A. 330, 452
(p. 721) Gardiner, S. 689
Gardner, J. 489
Gauthier, D. 75, 415, 691, 698
gender 8, 235, 237, 389, 391, 396, 402–3, 406, 411, 419, 484–5, 487–9, 516, 518, 581–2, 592, 693
behaviour 395–6, 400–1
bias 217, 219
differences/disparities 217, 266, 390, 396n.3, 397
discrimination 265–6, 481
division of labour 399, 403–9, 411, 419
egalitarianism 391, 407, 409, 411
equality 268, 295
fairness 391
hierarchy 57, 219, 223, 405
inequality 391, 419
injustice 389–2, 401, 404, 406, 409
lifestyles 399, 405, 408–9
roles 407, 411
schemas 396n.3, 398
segregation 393
socialization 394
stereotypes 409
unfairness 394
genetic
advantage and disadvantage 441–2
basis 266, 274
differences 441
endowments/resources 47, 440, 443, 702
factors 260
inequality 441
inheritances 440
lottery 142, 333n.8, 440–3
luck 441
manipulations 267
parent 418
predispositions 53
tendencies 279
testing 263
Geras, N. 269
Gerson, K. 403, 411n.11
Gettler, L. T. 268
Gewirth, A. 100–2
Gheaus, A. 394, 399–400, 401n.5, 408, 419n.5, 429
Ghiselin, M. 277
Gibb, M. 708
Gibney, M. J. 640
Gilligan, C. 217, 223, 400
Gintis, H. 264
glad-to-have test 49
global
agents 622–3
capital 629
capitalism 628
community 620, 624
difference principle 672
disparities 474
distribution of resources 624
distributive justice 105–6, 619–26, 628–31, 635–7
duties of justice 622
duty to care 229
economic activity 228
economic order 621
economic relationships 637
economy 351n.6
equality 623–4, 631, 634, 648–9
federalism 631, 633
freedom of movement 649
fund 475
health 474–5
inequality 474, 620, 634, 636
institutional norms 634
institutional relationships 624, 626
institutional sets/system 625, 629–30, 633–4
institutions 627–8, 635
interactions 229–30
order 621, 624
patent regime/system 474–5
political institutions 632
political justice 619
political society 619, 631–2
poor/poverty 229–30, 620, 624, 637, 644, 682
population 641
principles 619 (p. 722)
public goods 570–1
rectification 637
redistribution 145
responsibility 213, 229
society 215, 223, 629, 633
wealth/wealthy 620, 644
globalization 228
Godfrey-Smith, P. 331
Goldin, I. 641, 643, 657
good society 7, 195–6, 199–202, 205, 208–9, 211, 520, see also just society
Goodall, J. 261, 277
Goodin, R. 93, 101–2, 536–45, 552
Gornick, J. C. 407
Gosseries, A. 680n.17, 681n.18, 682, 683n.19, 695n.3, 700
Gough, I. 100
Gould, C. C. 219
Gray, J. 259
Green, D. 95, 97, 598n.1
Greenawalt, K. 577, 593
Greenhouse Development Rights 668
Grisez, G. 278
Grunebaum, J. 130, 136
Gutmann, A. 235
Hakim, C. 389, 407
Hall, B. 419n.5
Hall, E. 330
Hamilton, M. A. 587n.4
Hannan, S. 422
Hart, H. L. A. 2nn.3–4, 368, 370n.3
Haslanger, S. 391, 419n.5
Hauser, M. 264, 274
Hausman, D. M. 472
Hayek, F. A. 22, 289, 291–2, 369
Heath, J. 700
Hegel, G. W. F. 86n.2, 236, 246
Held, D. 630
Held, V. 217–19, 223–4, 226, 229, 231, 400
Henrich, J. 263–4, 274
heterosexuals 278, 403–4, 417, 419, see also homosexuals
Heyward, C. 669n.9
Hilton, C. E. 278
Hinton, T. 316, 320n.18
Hirschman, A. 264
historical process view 15
Hobbesian
conceptions 219
contractarianism 434, 698
public reason 300–1
self-effacing authorization 299
social contract reasoning 701
society 179
Hobbes, T. 219, 227, 231, 259, 296–300, 346n.1
Hochschild, A. R. 389
Hohfeld, W. 130n.5
Hohfeldian
claim-rights 138n.24
liberties 130
rights 132
holism 673–4, 677
holistic
approach 674, 681
distributive justice 161, 187
Hollis, A. 475
Holroyd, J. 394, 411
homosexuals 278–9, see also heterosexuals
Honneth, A. 235, 246–7, 251–2, 390
Hooker, B. 158
Hope, S. 332
Horta, O. 269
Hrdy, S. 263
Hsieh, N. 524
human
activity 134, 138, 216–17, 514
agency 100–1, 288
altruism 635
behaviour 266
capital 439, 444–6
communities 516, 518
dependency 526
desires 197–9
dignity 124, 143
ethic 223
evolution 277
evolutionary science 266
expansion 277
experience 88, 94, 339, 634
flourishing 100, 423, 447, 454
functioning 98, 100–1
history 263, 628
identity 241–2
integrity 586
interdependence 229
knowledge 699
needs 86, 88, 95–6, 98–101
procreation 418
psychology 340
race 697
reason 347, 353, 356, 359, 635
relationships 170, 217, 401, 707
sensibility 519
social cooperation 525
success 277
suffering 135
survival 395
sympathy 505
thought 519
vulnerability 124
welfare 47, 59, 132, 134, 292n.14
well-being 91, 444
humanitarian
assistance 228
concerns 2
considerations 105
duties 649, 650n.11
grounds 330
obligations 707
principle 3
values 330n.3
humanitarianism 70n.5, 330
Hume, D. 3, 30, 221, 228, 332–3, 346n.1, 483n.6, 503
Hurka, T. 156, 161, 177n.1
Hurley, S. 49, 168, 169n.9
Husak, D. N. 161, 178
Hyams, K. 82n.15, 674n.13
hypothetical insurance 42–3, 53–5, 60–3, 566, 571–3
ideal
circumstances 20, 27, 33, 351
conception 327
conditions 14, 27, 32, 35, 198, 370
justice 303
libertarianism 21
market 50, 63
prices 340
principles 221
process 19, 328n.1
responses 329–31, 335, 338–42
society 20, 32–3, 285, 328n.1, 335, 339
worker 407
identity 3, 5–7, 131, 182n.10, 236–7, 241–5, 247–51, 313, 484, 495, 570–1, 582, 600, 602–3, 610, 616, 633, 658, 696–7, 703, 705
census-identities 237, 244, 249
claims 242, 611
development 249
dimension of language 611
expression 248–9
formation 245–6, 249
groups 235, 240, 243–4, 249
of children 423
of self-definition 236
politics 236, 244, 246, 250, 601
recognition 585
ideology 499–502, 504–5, 508
impersonal
obligations 706
organizations 591
value 7, 73
infants, see children/infants
inheritance 15, 17, 54–6, 79, 240, 274, 322, 406, 433, 440, 499, 502, 504, 507, 644, 669, 696, 699, 706
insurance 51, 55–6, 167, 215, 542, 560
and equal auction 50
approach/model 54–5, 60, 62–3, 571
decisions 54, 62
system 22
integrationism 671–3, 678, 680, 682–5
intellectual
capacities/means 278, 450, 516
development 516–17, 524
differences 500
inferiority 504
integrity 464
intelligence 261, 332, 499–500, 518n.5, 520, 522
interfamilial
inequality 431
justice 430
intergenerational
chain of concern 694
character of climate change 669
cooperation 695–6, 700–1, 707
fairness 705
inequality 706
obligations 706–9
projects 699
relations 706
transfers 55
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 664n.1
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre 641n.2
international
freedom of movement 640, 643
inequality 620
institutions 627
justice 136, 147, 619, 621, 623, 629
law 231, 359, 624
migrants/migration 641, 643
morality 620
negotiations 667n.5, 685
order 484n.7
organizations 628
poverty 619
production 620
realm 619, 621, 624
relations 213, 216, 226
trade 294
wealth 619
Intra-versus Interpersonal Case 74–5, 76n.11, 82
intuitionism 8, 346–9, 353–7, 363–4, 347–9, 354, 357, 361, 363
intuitive method 357
Islam 578–9, 586
isolationism 671–3, 678–83
Jackson, B. 1n.1
Jagers, S. C. 677n.16
Jaggar, A. M. 219
Jaworska, A. 271
Jefferson, T. 500–5
Jensen, K. 275
Johansen, R. 73n.10
Jones, C. 101–2
Jones, P. 240, 585–6, 591, 593
Jouvenel, B. de 302
Joyce, R. 260
Jubb, R. 334n.13
Judaism 579
(p. 725) jurisdictions 43, 577, 581–2, 631
Just Burden Question 664, 666–7, 669, 671–3, 681, 685
Just Savings Principle 38
Just Target Question 664, 666, 668–71, 673, 685
Justification 238–9, 241, 243–5, 253, 349–50, 361–2
Kagan, S. 44, 51, 170, 190n.17
Kant, I. 231, 251–2, 288–9, 297, 347,