- The Oxford Handbook of Distributive Justice
- Introduction: The Idea of Distributive Justice
- Rawls on Distributive Justice and the Difference Principle
- Dworkin and Luck Egalitarianism: A Comparison
- Equality Versus Priority
- Sufficiency and Needs-Based Approaches
- The Capability Approach
- Libertarianism, Left and Right
- Desert-Based Justice
- Retributive Justice
- The Good Society
- The Ethics of Care
- The Theory and Politics of Recognition
- Distributive Justice and Human Nature
- Political and Distributive Justice
- Consequentialism, Deontology, Contractualism, and Equality
- Ideal Theory
- Constructivism, Intuitionism, and Ecumenism
- Conceptual Analysis and Distributive Justice
- The Family
- Public Goods
- Cultural and Religious Minorities
- Justice Across Borders
- Climate Change
- Future Generations
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter analyzes the contribution of the capability approach to the literature on distributive justice. The capability approach in itself does not provide a full theory of distributive justice, but rather argues that the metric of distributive justice should be functionings and/or capabilities. The chapter critically analyzes various issues that need addressing when we adopt this metric, such as the questions of which capabilities should be selected, and how they should be aggregated in order to make interpersonal comparisons of advantage. Comparisons with other metrics of justice are also discussed, such as Rawls’s social primary goods and welfarist metrics. The chapter concludes by arguing that we should think of the capability approach to justice as a family of theories, and describes which theoretical modules are needed for a full capabilitarian theory of justice.
Ingrid Robeyns holds the Chair in Ethics of Institutions at Utrecht University. She has written extensively on the capability approach and various problems of social and distributive justice.
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