- The Oxford Handbook of Distributive Justice
- Introduction: The Idea of Distributive Justice
- Rawls on Distributive Justice and the Difference Principle
- Dworkin and Luck Egalitarianism: A Comparison
- Equality Versus Priority
- Sufficiency and Needs-Based Approaches
- The Capability Approach
- Libertarianism, Left and Right
- Desert-Based Justice
- Retributive Justice
- The Good Society
- The Ethics of Care
- The Theory and Politics of Recognition
- Distributive Justice and Human Nature
- Political and Distributive Justice
- Consequentialism, Deontology, Contractualism, and Equality
- Ideal Theory
- Constructivism, Intuitionism, and Ecumenism
- Conceptual Analysis and Distributive Justice
- The Family
- Public Goods
- Cultural and Religious Minorities
- Justice Across Borders
- Climate Change
- Future Generations
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter ponders several understandings of conceptual analysis in the context of debates over distributive justice. The chapter's first three main sections consider the concept/conception distinction in its multilayered complexity in a couple of prominent recent accounts of justice. The chapter explores how those theories of justice unfold over several levels of increasing specificity. Thereafter, the chapter takes up the vexed question whether expositions of the concept of justice can ever be austerely analytical or formal rather than morally value-laden. After distinguishing between value-independence and value-neutrality, the chapter argues that, although some possible accounts of justice are at least partly value-neutral, no accounts of justice are ever value-independent.
Matthew H. Kramer is Professor of Legal and Political Philosophy at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Churchill College, Cambridge. He is a Fellow of the British Academy, and is the Director of the Cambridge Forum for Legal and Political Philosophy. He is the author of sixteen books and the co-editor of four further books. His most recently published book is H. L. A. Hart: The Nature of Law (Polity Press 2018).
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