- The Oxford Handbook of Distributive Justice
- Introduction: The Idea of Distributive Justice
- Rawls on Distributive Justice and the Difference Principle
- Dworkin and Luck Egalitarianism: A Comparison
- Equality Versus Priority
- Sufficiency and Needs-Based Approaches
- The Capability Approach
- Libertarianism, Left and Right
- Desert-Based Justice
- Retributive Justice
- The Good Society
- The Ethics of Care
- The Theory and Politics of Recognition
- Distributive Justice and Human Nature
- Political and Distributive Justice
- Consequentialism, Deontology, Contractualism, and Equality
- Ideal Theory
- Constructivism, Intuitionism, and Ecumenism
- Conceptual Analysis and Distributive Justice
- The Family
- Public Goods
- Cultural and Religious Minorities
- Justice Across Borders
- Climate Change
- Future Generations
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines issues of distributive justice as they relate to religious minorities and to cultural minorities belonging to polyethnic societies. In many instances, distributive justice requires only that those minorities should enjoy the same freedoms and opportunities as others. Sometimes, however, justice is thought to require different rather than identical treatment, such as the exemption of minorities from laws or rules with which others have to comply. The chapter examines the justice of exemptions and other forms of accommodation that provide for the religious and cultural liberty of minorities, and for their opportunities to access other sorts of good such as employment. It also considers how distributive justice bears on the relative standing that a society’s different religions and cultures should enjoy.
Peter Jones is Emeritus Professor of Political Philosophy at Newcastle University, UK. Much of his recent work has focused on issues associated with differences of belief, culture, and value, including those of toleration, accommodation, compromise, recognition, freedom of expression, and discrimination law. He has also written on various aspects of rights, including human rights, group rights, and welfare rights, and on democracy, self-determination, and international justice.
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