- The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Apocrypha
- List of Figures
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: What is Early Christian Apocrypha?
- Texts about Jesus: Non-canonical Gospels and Related Literature
- Apocryphal Texts about Other Characters in the Canonical Gospels
- Narratives about the Apostles: Non-canonical Acts and Related Literature
- Non-canonical Epistles and Related Literature
- Non-canonical Apocalypses and Prophetic Works
- The Influence of Jewish Scriptures on Early Christian Apocrypha
- Who Read Early Christian Apocrypha?
- The Formation of the New Testament Canon and Early Christian Apocrypha
- ‘Useful for the Soul’: Christian Apocrypha and Christian Spirituality
- Christology and Soteriology in Apocryphal Gospels
- Christology and Soteriology in Apocryphal Acts and Apocalypses
- The <i>Gospel of Thomas</i> and the Historical Jesus
- Other Apocryphal Gospels and the Historical Jesus
- Christian Apocrypha and the Developing Role of Mary
- The Apocryphal Mary in Early Christian Art
- The Role of the Apostles
- Judaism and Anti-Judaism in Early Christian Apocrypha
- Eschatology and the Fate of the Dead in Early Christian Apocrypha
- Liturgy and Early Christian Apocrypha
- Roman Imperialism: The Political Context of Early Christian Apocrypha
- Encratism, Asceticism, and the Construction of Gender and Sexual Identity in Apocryphal Gospels
- Encratism and the Apocryphal Acts
- Early Christian Apocrypha in Popular Culture
- Early Christian Apocrypha in Contemporary Theological Discourse
- Index of Modern Authors
- Index of Subjects and Ancient Texts
Abstract and Keywords
This essay explores different ways in which Jewish scriptures were used and interpreted in Early Christian Apocrypha, as well as discussing other ways in which Jewish scriptures exerted influence. A number of examples are given of a hermeneutics of scripture from a Christological perspective (e.g. in the ‘unknown Gospel’ on P. Egerton 2 and Gos. Pet.), followed by discussion of texts (and passages in some ‘Christian’ apocryphal writings) where it is difficult to say whether they should be labelled ‘Jewish’ or ‘Christian’ (e.g. Apoc. Pet. 4 or the Test. XII Patr.). The essay provides examples of the (re-)use of different important figures from Jewish scriptures (like Isaiah or Solomon) in later Christian writings and, finally, discusses examples of (mainly) so-called ‘gnostic’ readings of Jewish scriptures against their original meaning.
Tobias Nicklas is Professor for exegesis and hermeneutics of the New Testament at the University of Regensburg
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