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date: 18 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter surveys a range of apocryphal works that have been used by scholars in the quest for the historical Jesus. It introduces the discussion with a classification of different approaches that scholars have adopted in the use of Apocrypha in historical Jesus research. Secondly, the methodological considerations involved in the task are discussed. Thirdly, the individual apocryphal works (nineteen in all) are briefly treated. The chapter concludes by highlighting the problems associated with employing material from Early Christian Apocrypha in the historical investigation of Jesus, both because of the form in which these Apocrypha have survived, and because of the inadequacy of the scholarly tools currently available.

Keywords: historical Jesus, apocrypha, criteria, authenticity, gospels

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