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date: 23 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses anti-Judaism in Early Christian Apocrypha by focusing on three types of gospel traditions: infancy gospels, Jewish–Christian gospels, and gospels related to Jesus’ death and resurrection. The Protevangelium of James and the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew are free from clear anti-Judaism. Their attitude to Judaism can be described in terms of supersessionism: there is only superficial knowledge of Judaism, and Jewish people and practices are described only in order to highlight Christian belief and practice. The anti-Judaism of the Gospel of the Ebionites is of the Jewish–Christian type (‘anti other forms of Judaism’). The ‘anti-Judaism’ in the Gospel of the Hebrews is best characterized as traditional prophetic critique, because the ‘Hebrews’ of this gospel may well have continued living among Jewish communities. Fragments from the gospel that the Nazarenes used, the Gospel of Peter, and the first eleven chapters of the Acts of Pilate, are clearly anti-Jewish.

Keywords: anti-Judaism, apocryphal gospels, Ebionites, Joseph, Judaism, Nazarenes, Mary, supersessionism

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