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date: 23 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Dislocations are constituents in the periphery of the clause—or, depending on the analysis, outside the structure of the clause proper. In the canonical cases, they are doubled by a functional bundle and they are separated from the core clause by an intonational phrase boundary. In many languages we find that dislocations come in two classes: a class of dislocations that are syntactically linked to a position in the core structure (D-type) and a second class of dislocations that are connected only in the process of interpretation (H-type). This grammatical distinction maps onto a difference in the information structure properties: D-type dislocations are given, H-type dislocations signal topic promotion. Some languages seem to have only H-type dislocations, which take over the functions of both D-type and H-type dislocations.

Keywords: resumptive, clitic, weak pronoun, hanging topic left dislocation, left dislocation, contrastive left dislocation, clitic left dislocation, clitic right dislocation, topicalization, islands, reconstruction, orphans, afterthought, intonational phrase, topic

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