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date: 09 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses the results of three studies that have attempted to identify the factors underlying individual differences in mathematics. Holloway and Ansari (2009), explored the relation between basic number processing and attainment in primary school mathematics. Mazzocco et al. (2011) used a non-symbolic comparison task as an indicator of a preschool child’s Approximate Number System (ANS). Goebel et al. (2014), who tested the number knowledge of 173 six-year olds using a number identification task. All three studies tested specific hypotheses by making use of individual differences and associations between them. They also strongly validate two fundamental principles: that correlational models are limited by the measurements they contain, and that evidence consistent with a particular hypothesis does not necessarily constitute strong evidence in its favour. This article concludes by providing an overview of the topics covered in this book concerning individual differences in mathematics.

Keywords: individual differences, mathematics, number processing, Approximate Number System, number identification, correlational models, evidence

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