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date: 10 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Only recently the focus in numerical cognition research has considered multi-digit number processing as a relatively new and yet understudied domain in mathematical cognition. In this chapter: (i) we argue that single-digit number processing is not sufficient to understand multi-digit number processing; (ii) provide an overview on which representations and effects have been investigated for multi-digit numbers; (iii) suggest a conceptual distinction between place-identification, place-value activation, and place-value computation; (iv) identify language influences on multi-digit number processing along that conceptual distinction; and (v) argue that for numerical development indices of multi-digit number processing may be more suitable predictors of later arithmetical performance than classical single-digit measure such as the distance effect or non-numerical variables (e.g., working memory). In the final section, we summarize the important issues in multi-digit number processing, outline future directions and try to encourage readers to contribute to a new, exciting, yet understudied domain of numerical cognition.

Keywords: Multi-digit number, place-value system, language influences, compatibility effect, mental number line

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