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date: 17 September 2019

(p. 667) General Index

(p. 667) General Index

Numbers in bold refer to illustrations.

Abramson, H. 387
Acheloos (god) 58–60
Achilles (mythological hero) 55, 154–5, 157–8, 160, 162, 399–401, 554–5
Achilles Pontarchos cult 7, 589
Adomėnas, Mantas 363
Adonis (god) 30, 139, 250–2, 613
Aelius Aristides (orator) 68, 509, 511
Sacred Tales 70–1, 79–80
Aeschines 74, 263, 297, 426
Aeschylus 30, 31, 43, 94, 206, 298, 364, 399, 406, 448, 479, 607
Agamemnon 13
Choephoroi 448
Eumenides 31, 43, 183, 187–8, 298
Oresteia 187, 189, 359, 364
Persae 183, 406
Prometheus Bound 477–9, 607
Ajax (mythological hero) 55
Albinus, Lars 551
Alcock, Susan 69, 117, 228
Aleshire, Sarah B. 313–14
Alexander of Aphrodisias 219
Alexander the Great 131, 203, 318, 345, 434–41, 642, 644
Alexander Polyhistor 418
Aleximachos of Amorgas (hero) 391–3
Alfayé, Silvia 400
Allers, Rudolf 654
Alonge, Mark 105
Alroth, Brita 102, 122
Amasis II (pharaoh) 13, 14
Ames, Roger 653, 657
Amphiaraos (mythological hero) 469
Amphictyon (mythological hero) 275
amulets 248–9, 525
Anatolian culture and religion 7, 64, 317, 372, 375–6, 510–12, 543, 606–13
Anaxagoras of Klazomenai 219, 326, 333
Anaximander 212
Anaximenes 212, 654
Andanian msteries 2, 34–6, 102, 342
Anderson, Ralph 12, 30, 234–5, 259, 372
Andokides 326, 331–2, 334–5
Andres, F. 414
Ano Englianos excavations 155
anthropology 125, 370, 381, 414, 418, 425, 472, 521–2, 525, 527, 652
social 23, 534
Antiochos III the Great (king) 438, 543
Antonaccio, Carla 318, 385–6
Anubis (god) 624–5
Aphrodite (goddess, aka Mylitta, Ailat, Mitra) 12, 14, 46, 86, 90, 132–3, 251, 372, 374, 377–80, 495, 598–9
Apollo (god) 13, 31, 34, 74, 76, 140, 153, 156–7, 161, 179, 185, 370, 374, 434, 440, 482, 484, 509–10, 542
depiction/imagery of 57, 57–61, 84–93
sanctuary at Akraiphnion in Boiotxzia 16
sanctuary at Corinth 572, 576, 578
sanctuary at Delos 13–14, 16, 87–90, 236, 278–81, 279, 330
sanctuary at Delphi 16, 17, 137, 478–80
sanctuary at Didyma 265, 483, 486, 593
sanctuary at Kalapodi 15
sanctuary at Pantikapaion 592–3
sanctuary at Syracuse 572–3, 576–8, 577
(p. 668) Apollodoros (mythographer) 204, 251, 464
Apollonios Rhodios 43, 282–3, 525
Argonautica 360–1
Apollonios of Tyana 423–4, 642
Apuleius 421–2, 516, 631–4
archaeobotany 118
archaeology
Classical 115
cognitive 116
context 119, 121–3
history and theory 115–17
linguistic 375
mapping and sensing technology 117–18
methodologies 117–19
New Archaeology 115–16
post-processual 116
processual 115–16
small finds 119, 125, 282–4, 583
architectural features 61–4
Echinos marble relief 243
Greco-Egyptian sanctuaries 626–9
herms 166–7, 249
monumentalization 102–3, 274, 276, 278, 280–1
monuments 101–4, 276, 495, 553
Naxian sphinx 276
New Phaleron marble relief in Peiraeus 57, 57–61
Nike Balustrade 58
Parthenon Frieze 58, 250, 267, 362
sculpture 580–1
Telemachus Monument 313–14
temples in Magna Graecia 576–81, 577, 579
votive reliefs 241–3, 452, 491–4, 491, 496
Argos 43–6
Aristomenes (king) 34–5
Aristophanes 159, 206, 471, 512, 552
Birds 334
Clouds 33, 212, 333
Frogs 182, 404, 559–60
Heroes 402
Lysistrata 252, 334, 532
Peace 53
Aristotle 30, 152, 212–13, 417, 654–5
Athenian Constitution 480
On Dreams 481
Politics 296, 441
Rhetoric 432–3
Arnaoutoglou, Ilias 106, 258
Arsinoe II (queen) 438–9
Artemidoros 402, 494
Artemis (goddess) 33, 100–1, 184, 188–9, 241, 251, 260, 274, 524–5, 532–3, 543, 545–8, 609
Laphria festival 14–15
Mounychia shrine 233, 532
sanctuary at Athens 100–1, 233–5
sanctuary at Brauron 241, 274, 491–6, 491, 525, 532
sanctuary at Delos 236, 278–81, 279
sanctuary at Kalapodi 15
sanctuary at Magnesia-on-the-Maeander 543–8
sanctuary at Pantikapaion 594–5
Arvidsson, Stefan 376
Asad, Talal 24
Ascough, Richard S. 114
Asheri, David 151, 372, 379
Asklepios (god and cult) 31, 34, 71, 79–80, 233, 234, 241–2, 253, 294, 350, 372, 431, 497–9
sanctuary at Athens 311, 313–16, 319–20
sanctuary at Epidaurus 505–10, 512, 514, 625
Aspinall, Arnold 117
Assmann, Jan 141
Aston, Emma 496
astrology 305, 537
astronomy 652–3, 659, 661
Athanassiadi, Polymnia 220
Athena (goddess) 71, 91, 157, 161, 187–91, 194–5, 250, 311–12, 374
bouphonia ritual 33
cult at Lindos 429
depiction on coins 264
sanctuary at Athens 16, 266
sanctuary at Emborio 17
sanctuary at Syracuse 573
statues in Athens 167–71
temple at Troy 165
(p. 669) Athenaeus 45, 230, 437
Athens
acropolis 16, 167–71
Areopagos 187–9, 205
Asklepieia 34
asembly 14, 99, 267, 310
citizenship 246, 251–2, 258, 262, 267, 330
images of the gods 165–76
laws and prescriptions 325–36
loss of civic rights (atimia) 330
Palladion 169–71, 206
Parthenon 167–75
sanctuary of Artemis Agrotera 33
sanctuary of Artemis Aristoboule 33, 311
sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia 100–1
sanctuary of Asklepios 311, 313–16, 319–20
sanctuary of Dionysos Eleuthereos 181
shrine of Pan 311–13, 318, 494, 499
statues/images of Athena 167–76
tribes and kinship groups 258, 262–4
athletic contests/games 182, 391–2, 527, 553
Arsinoeia and Philadelpheia games 439
crown games (periodos) 274–7
Isthmian games 274, 277
Nemean games 274
Olympic games 274, 388, 390–1, 538
Ptolemaian games 437
Pythian (Delphic) games 276–7, 538
Aubriot-Sevin Danièle, 448–9
Auffarth, Christoph 98, 103
Ault, Bradley A. 119
Aune, David 137–8
Ausfeld, Carl 449
Austin, Michel 500
Azim, Firdous 317
Baal (god) 376–7
Babbitt, Frank C. 415
Babcock, Barbara A. 530
Babylon 70
Bachofen, Johann Jakob 357
Bachvarova, Mary R. 612
Bactrian and Indian culture and religion 7, 637–46
Arachosia 637–8, 641–3
archaeological excavations 638–43
Buddhism 641–4
Kushan empire 645–6
Baeumer, Max L. 362
Bagley, Robert 660
Bahn, Paul 116
Baird, Jennifer 106
Ballet, Pascale 118
Barber, E. J. W. 169
Barker, Elton 76–7
Barlou, Vasiliki 278
Barrett Caitlín, 3, 114, 120–4
Barthes, Roland 196
Barton, Tamsyn 659
Baslez Marie-Françoise, 123, 235, 259
Baumann, Richard A. 326–7, 332
Beard, Mary 18
Beaumont, Lesley A. 246, 248
Beckman, Gary M. 610, 613
Behr, Charles A. 70–1
Behrendt, Kurt 644
Belayche, Nicole 495, 510
belief
centrality of practice 21–7
concept of 23, 25–6
high intensity vs. low intensity 23–6
inscriptions as evidence 3, 97–108
material culture 113–25
materialistic systems 22
ritualistic 21–7
texts as evidence 3, 26–7, 67–80
visual imagery as evidence 3, 51–64, 83–95
Bell, Catherine 21, 116, 470
Bell, Harold I. 131–2
Bendis (goddess) 30, 259, 311, 313, 372
Benitez, Rick 4, 195
Benjamin, Walter 196
Bérard, Claude 386, 404
Berenike II, queen 133
Beresford, James 540
Bergquist, Birgitta 357
Bernabé, Alberto 133, 135, 401
(p. 670) Bernal, Martin 606
Bernard, Paul 640–1
Bes (god) 123, 143
Beschi, L. 60
Betegh Gábor, 133, 212, 300
Bettinetti 170
Betz, Hans D. 137–8
Bhabha, Homi 317–18
Bickerman, Elias J. 538
Billot, F. 275
Biltz, O. 605
Binford, Lewis 116
Bingen, Jean 228, 319
birds
divination 162, 298, 477–8, 485, 656, 662
sacrificial victims 14–15
symbol of sovereignty 44
Birge, Darice 115
Bitsakis, Yanis 538
Black Sea region
acropolis of Pantikapaion 590, 592–6, 600–1
Boris and Gleb mound 597–8
Bosporan Kingdom 7, 589–602
Chersonese 7, 499, 589
Greek colonies 589–92, 590
indigenous tribes 591–2
Maiskaya Mound 597
Olbia 6, 363, 457, 589
Blackman, D. J. 284
Blakely, Sandra 282–4
Blänsdorf Jürgen, 458
Blavatsky, V. D. 593
Blinkenberg, Christian 583
Bluck, R. S. 217
Blundell, Sue 244
Boardman, John 55, 399, 448, 581
Bobzien, Susanne 656, 660
Bodel, John 448
Boedeker, Deborah 124, 359, 362, 524, 554
Boehringer, David 385–6
Bohringer, F. 386, 392
Bommelaer Jean-François, 276
Bonnechère, Pierre 464
Bookidis, Nancy 572, 574
Bopearachchi, O. 637, 644–5
Boreas (god) 30, 33
Borgeaud, Philippe 495
Bouché-Leclercq, Auguste 478, 662
Bourdieu, Pierre 347
Boutantin Céline, 123
Bowden, Hugh 5, 17, 73, 123, 268, 277, 281–2, 284, 299, 494, 662
Boyce, Mary 639–40, 645
Boyer, Pascal 23
Brancaccio, Pia 644
Brashear, William M. 136, 138
Brasidas (military general) 385, 553, 569
Brauron 33, 100–1, 188–9, 205, 241, 523
Bravo, J. J. 389
Breiger, Ronald L. 317
Brelich, Angelo 402, 522, 531
Bremmer, Jan N. 7, 14, 39, 186, 199, 232, 250, 257, 268, 325, 358, 370, 375, 377, 397–9, 401, 405, 449, 464, 482, 497, 551, 609–10, 612–15
Bresson, A. 108
Brickhouse, Thomas C. 335
Broadhead, Henry D. 404, 406–7
Broise, H. 568, 571
Brown, John P. 376–7, 380
Bruit, Louise 494
Bruit Zaidman, Louise 78, 124, 257, 329
Brulé, Pierre 349
Brumfield, Allaire C. 538
Brun, Patrice 542
Bruneau, Philippe 122–3, 236–7, 278, 280–1
Brust, Manfred 614
Bryce, Trevor 613
Buck, C. D. 18
Buckler, John 276
Buddhism 114, 641–4
Budelmann, Felix 93
Budin, Stephanie 18, 70, 380
Bürchner, Ludwig 232
Burnyeat, Myles F. 334
Burrell, Barbara 63, 229, 432
Burstein, S. M. 114
Burtt, J. 74
Busine, Aude 349
(p. 671) Buxton, Richard 199, 493
Byrne, Ryan 612
Calame, Claude 2, 3, 68, 93, 182, 185–6, 197, 449, 527
Calder, William M. 569
Callimachus 84, 200, 434, 439, 571
Calvo Martinez, José L. 403
Cambon, Pierre 641
Camp, John 233
Canciani, F. 448
Caneva, S. 432, 439
Carawan, Edwin 332
Carbon, Jan-Mathieu 6, 341, 343, 347–8
Casabona, Jean 464, 471
Casadio, Giovanni 605
Catling, H. W. 117
Celsus (philosopher) 220, 421–3
Chadwick, Henry 423
Chadwick, John 373
Chang, K. C. 657
Chaniotis, Angelos 98, 103, 105, 264–5, 340–2, 347–9, 432, 436–7, 454, 497, 510, 543
Chankowski, Andrzej S. 265
Chankowski Véronique, 275, 280–1
Chapouthier, Fernand 122–3
Chemla, Karine 659
Chester, P. 118
Chinese culture and religion 651–62
cosmogony and cosmology 651–4, 656
divination and fortune-telling 651–2, 656–62
human–divine relationship 654–7
mantic practices 657–62
Chios 14, 16, 614
Christianity 21–7, 39, 218, 415, 472–3
Christidis, A.-P. 486
Cicero 333, 572, 652, 656
Clack, Timothy 114
clan/kinship group (genos) 14, 184, 234, 260, 295, 298, 314, 332, 454, 547, 559, 576
Clarke, Katherine 203, 207, 410
Clarke, Michael J. 554
Claros or Clarus, see Klaros
Clarysse, Willy 132, 143, 644
Claudius Ptolemaeus 219
Claus, David B. 554
Cleland, Liza 100
Clement of Alexandria 135, 464
Cline, Eric H. 613
Clinton, Kevin 282, 284, 359, 494
Cocteau, Jean 513
Cohen, David 326–7
coins 3, 51, 61–4, 62–3, 264, 439, 569, 600, 637–8, 640–1, 644–6
Coldstream, J. N. 385–6
Cole, Susan G. 122–3, 228, 262, 264, 282, 284, 363, 533
Collar, Anna 316
Collins, Billie Jean 610
Collins, Derek 114, 302–3
Comella, Annamaria 100
communal religion 1, 4, 257–69, 273–85
creation and maintenance of trust 259
cultural memory 97, 105, 174, 264–5
Greco-Egyptian communities 632
obscure vs. spectacular activities 261–2
oracles and divination 6, 13–14, 293, 296–9, 477–87, 651–2, 656
polis model 1, 113–14, 119, 124–5, 186, 217, 257, 654
public vs. private ritual practice 259–60, 263
range of polities 258–61
social capital 261
social cohesion and identity 264–9, 317, 393, 439–40
tribes and kinship groups 258, 262–4
comparative linguistics 373–6
Comte, Auguste 197
Conan, Michel 115
Conger, George P. 654
Connelly, Joan B. 167, 229, 244
Connerton, Paul 105
Connor, W. R. 268, 497
Conolly, James 118
Constantakopoulou, Christy 4, 45, 106, 230, 275, 280–1, 568
Cook, Arthur B. 137, 247
Copenhaver, Brian P. 138
Corcella, Aldo 151, 372, 379
Corcyra 568, 582
Corinth 18, 70, 152, 568, 571–6, 578, 582–3
Corlu, André 448
(p. 672) Cornford, F. M. 207
cosmogony 7, 91, 371, 651–4
cosmology 54–7, 516, 651–4
Costa, C. D. N. 409
Costabile, Felice 402–3
Coulton, J. J. 578
courtesans (hetairai) 120
Crane, Gregory 555
Crawley Quinn, Joesphine 167
Creuzer, Georg Friedrich 356–7
Cribb, Joe 646
Croesus (king of Lydia) 26, 202, 481
Crowther, Charles 350
Csapo, Eric 196
cult
change/continuity over time 2, 29–37, 124–5, 309–20
foundation/origin stories 31–37, 312, 571
hero-cults 5, 153, 310, 383–93, 403, 440–1, 571
oikist cults 6, 569–71
‘persona’ 40–1
regional networks (amphictionies) 4, 6–7, 33, 41, 117, 273–85, 316–17
ruler cults 429–42
sharing of cults and alliances 310, 315–16
transfer 567–84, 605–15
cultic ritual practice
calendars and festivals 537–49
curse tablets 142, 144, 302, 305, 400, 407, 454–9, 511, 516
financial upkeep and donations 106–7
fasting 16
feasting 16, 33, 118, 262–3, 265–6, 466–7, 526, 541, 545, 548
gifts to the gods 16, 167, 169, 171, 173, 310, 432, 492, 500
prayers and curses 2, 5–6, 103–6, 156–9, 174–5, 185–7, 262, 268, 426, 447–59
ritual performance 2, 39–47, 180, 183, 191, 294, 296, 497
sacrificial and festal calendars 537–49, 630–1
scapegoat rituals 268, 464, 609–10
secret 36, 262, 630–2
teletai (rituals seeking divine favour) 72, 301, 559
theoria (religious experience and practice) 79, 655
theoxenia (ritual reception/hosting ceremony) 181, 389, 392, 393, 494, 498–9, 545
Cultrera, Giuseppe 572
Cumont, Franz 401, 403
Curd, Patricia 212
Currie, Bruno 385–7, 392, 402–3, 440
Cyrino, Monica S. 378
Cyrus the Younger (prince and general) 302–3
Daeira (goddess) 206
daimon/daimones 5, 13, 74, 78, 114, 141–2, 144, 212, 245, 349, 401, 407–8, 413–26, 614
Dakaris, S. 486
Dale, A. 609, 615
D’Angour, Armand 33
Daniel, Robert 139
Dark, Ken R. 116
Daumas Michèle, 123
Davidson, James 548
Davies, John K. 106, 228, 259, 273, 276–7
Davis, Jack L. 155
Dawe, Roger 405
Deacy, Susan 5, 172, 310, 362, 374, 384, 463
death and the afterlife 5–6, 218
Book of the Dead 140, 144, 632
communication with souls of the dead 398–400, 402–3, 404–7
conceptions of death 397–410
corpse (soma) 153, 398–9, 523, 526, 551, 624
curse tablets 142, 144, 302, 305, 400, 407–8, 426, 511, 516
dead as conscious entities 553, 555
epic narratives 552, 554–5
feasting 526
(p. 673) funerary inscriptions 42, 401, 426, 454, 557
funerary monuments 391–2, 599–600
funerary processions 526
funerary regulations 329
funerary reliefs 557
funerary ritual 104, 399, 526, 553
funerary speeches 74, 265
ghosts/restless spirits/revenants 141–2, 399–400, 402–3, 407–9
grave goods 57, 118, 457
Isles of the Blessed/Elysian Fields 400–1, 554, 557, 562
judgement and punishment 557–8, 560–2
life and death dichotomy 5, 383–93
link between living and the dead 57, 399, 551–62
magic 407–8
memorials 552–4
memory survival 552–5, 562
necromancy and oracles 404–6
pollution and purification 399, 526
processions 526
public funerals 265
reincarnation 401, 561
role of women in death ceremonies 523, 526
social status 104
soul (psyche) 397–8, 401, 424–5, 560–1
summoning of souls 406–7
Tartaros (abyss below Hades) 91, 401, 557, 562
tending of tombs 553
transmigration of souls 561
Debord, P. 607
de Cesare, Monica 58
de Grummond, Nancy T. 229
Delgado, Luis M. 400
Delian League 266, 280, 316
Delli Pizzi, A. 329–30
Delos 87–93, 120–4, 259, 277–81, 318, 622
sanctuaries/temples 16, 235–7, 278–81, 279
Delphi 59, 89–92, 227, 500, 538, 581–4
amphictiony 276–7
Pythian Apollo 13, 35, 58, 60–1, 89, 234, 298–9, 302, 402–3, 478, 480–1, 483–4, 512
Sacred Wars 276–7
sanctuary of Apollo 16–17, 31, 276, 330, 478–80
Demand, Nancy 525
Demargne, P. 168–70
Demeter (goddess) 31, 135, 206, 250, 372, 453, 455, 496, 540–2
Demetrios Poliorketes (king) 435–7
Demokritos 485, 653
Demosthenes 74, 180, 297, 300, 469, 533
Depew, Mary 105, 448, 451–2
de Polignac François, 228, 230–1, 274
Deshours, Nadine 35, 543
Despinis, Georgios 492
Des Places, E. 220
Despoina (goddess) 102
Detienne, Marcel 40, 242–3, 415, 418, 464–6, 469–73, 652, 654
de Wilde, Marc 196
Dhammika, V. S. 643
Dickie, Matthew W. 300
Diehls, Hermann 654
Diggle, James 133
Dignas, Beate 261, 267, 295
Dillery, J. 299
Dillon, John M. 139, 166
Dillon, Matthew 2, 4, 61, 166, 242–4, 250, 252–3, 532
Dimitrova, Nora 284
Dinsmoor, William B. 572–3, 578–9
Diodorus Siculus 204, 274, 284, 333–4, 433, 591
Diogenes Laertius 305, 421
Diogoras of Melos 326, 333–5
Dione (goddess) 86
Dionysios of Halikarnassos 203
Dionysios I of Syracuse 440
Dionysios II of Syracuse 293, 496
(p. 674) Dionysos (Bacchus, god) 13, 41, 93, 102, 133–5, 151, 160, 179, 187, 189, 191, 218, 356, 362–4, 370, 372, 374, 381, 384, 420–1, 440, 514, 525, 541–2, 559, 595–6, 601, 608–9, 621
Dionysia festivals 180–4, 186, 252, 263, 267, 294, 469
objection to his arrival as a new god 32
sanctuary at the Athenian acropolis 181
worship by women 248–9, 251
Dioskouroi (twin gods) 198, 284, 431, 450, 640, 645
Djamouri, Redouane 660
Dobbins, J. J. 100
Dobrovolskaya, E. V. 595–6
Dodd, David 522
Domitian (Roman emperor) 61–3
Donnadieu, M.-P. 397, 404
Donnay, G. 326
Donohue, Alice A. 171
Dörpfeld, Wilhelm 344, 388
Dougherty, Carol 318, 598
Dover, Kenneth J. 326
Dowden, Ken 374–6, 378, 522, 527, 532, 606
drama
comedy 179, 180, 182, 183, 199, 408–9, 512
masks 180, 187
political 189–91
ritual and relations with the gods 183–7
satyr drama 183
tragedy 3, 68, 86, 93–4, 179–91, 199
tragic plots (muthoi) 182
Dreyer, Boris 432
Drozdek, Adam 212
Drujinina, A. 639
Duara, Prasenjit 654
Dubois, Laurent 385
Ducat, Jean 16, 236, 274, 278, 280, 531
Dumézil, Georges 40
Dunand Françoise, 318–20
Dunbabin, Katherine M. D. 105
Dunbabin, T. J. 568–9, 571, 573–5
Dunn, Francis M. 189
Duplouy, Alain 230–1
Durkheim, Émile 466
Dyggve, Ejnar 392
Easterling, Patricia 68, 183
Eberhard, Wolfram 659
Edelstein, Emma 313, 505, 508–9
Edelstein, Ludwig 313, 505, 508–9
Edlund-Berry, Ingrid 229
Edmonds III, Radcliffe G. 6, 104, 135, 218, 363, 398, 404, 426, 527, 558, 560–1, 584
Edwards, Mark W. 156
Edwards, Michael J. 331–2
Egetmeyer, Markus 612
Ehrenberg, Victor 275
Ehrhardt, Norbert 593, 599
Eich, Peter 165, 172, 174
Eileithyia (goddess) 46, 281, 524
Einodia (Hecate, goddess) 185–6
Eitrem, Samson 464, 471
Ekroth, Gunnel 2, 5, 98, 310, 358–9, 383, 385, 387, 389–90, 440, 482
Eleusinian mysteries 206, 267, 293–5, 314, 334, 335, 401, 404, 437, 496, 559
Eleusis 31, 33, 35, 122, 153, 198, 219, 469, 495
Eliade, Mircea 199
Ellis-Hansen, A. 525
Elsner, Jas 69, 71, 78–9, 116, 238
Empedokles 83, 213, 222, 418, 441, 451, 464, 561
Epaminondas (military general) 34, 305, 469–70
epic narrative 3, 11–18, 83, 151–63
authority of 86
poetic imaginary 152
preservation of memory 552, 554–5
religious performances 155–9
Thebaid 152, 158
see also Hesiod; Homer
epichoric religions (Luwian, Karian, Lykian, and Lydian) 607–9
epichorios (local practice/culture) 78
Epidauros 44, 314–15, 450, 497–9, 659
epigraphs, see inscriptions
(p. 675) epiklesis (cult title) 78
Epiteles (military general) 34–5
Erbse, Hartmut 404
Erichthonios (king) 168, 185, 266
Eros (god) 86
Erskine, Andrew 39
Euripides 41, 187, 417, 472, 559
Bacchae 30, 248
Erechtheus 189–91
Iphigenia in Tauris 188–9, 483–4
Eusebius 18
Euthyphro (religious prophet) 14
Facella, M. 350
Fairbanks, Arthur 357
Faraone, Christopher A. 124, 139, 170, 174, 246–8, 456–8, 466, 522
Farnell, Lewis R. 384–5, 387–8
Fates (goddesses, Moirai) 42–3, 141, 498, 641
Faulkner, Andrew 494
Fauth, Wolfgang 137–8
Fedak, Janos 386, 391
Federico, C. M. 196
Feeney, Denis 24, 67
Felton, D. 402, 408–9
Ferguson, W. S. 258
Ferrari, Gloria 523, 526–7, 614
festivals 537–49
Adonia 250–3
Andania 2, 34, 102
Anthesteria 182, 263
Apatouria 263, 264, 530–1
Arrhephoria 262
Artemis Brauronia 33, 100–1, 184, 188–9, 241, 274, 491–6, 491, 525, 532–3
Artemis Kindyas 260
Artemis Leukophryene 543, 545–8
Asklepeia 267, 313–15, 499
Choes 205
Daidala 44
Dionysia 180, 182, 186, 252, 263, 267, 294, 469
Eleusinia 153, 182, 314, 560
Epidauria 314, 315
Epidemia 494
Isiteria 546–8
Kallynteria 547
Kronia 261, 611
Laphria 14–15
Lenaia 267, 363, 541
Leukophryena 545–6
Navigium Isidis 630–1
Panathenaia 157, 165, 167, 169, 180, 182, 183, 184, 186, 250, 252, 263, 265–7, 294, 468–9, 527
Panionia 274
Plynteria 169, 547
Posideia 540
Proerosia 263
Ptolemaia 437–8
Pyanopsia 261, 263
Soteria 500
Thargelia 182, 267, 469
Theophania 494
Thesaia 182
Thesmophoria 16, 242, 250, 252, 263
Tonaia/Heraia 45
Festugière, André J. 245
Finke, Roger 614
Finley, Moses 652
Fiorelli, Giuseppe 115
Fischer-Hansen, Tobias 568, 572
Flannery, K. 116
Flower, Michael A. 4, 101, 268, 298–9, 304, 311, 484, 496, 657–8
Fogelin, Lars 116
Fontenrose, Joseph 137, 402, 483, 660, 662
Ford, Andrew 160
Forrer, Emil 610
Forrest, W. G. 275, 345
Forsén Bjørn, 512
Foucault, Michel 100
Fowler, Robert 4, 68, 77, 195, 200–2, 206, 482, 612, 614
Fraenkel, Carlos 217, 218
Fraenkel, Eduard 13
Frame, Douglas 153
Francfort, H.-P. 646
François, Gilbert 416
Frankfort, Henri 140
Frankfurter, David 143
Fraser, P. M. 106, 641
(p. 676) Freese, J. H. 433
Freeth, Tony 538
Frei, Peter 607
Freyer-Schauenburg, Brigitte 230
Friedrich, Johannes 610
Fröhlich, P. 387
Furley, William D. 186, 331–2, 449, 497
Furtwängler, A. 388
Fussman, G. 644
Gabrielsen, Vincent 257, 259, 261
Gaffney, Chris 117
Gager, John G. 455–6
Gagné, Renaud 3, 326, 332
Gaifman, Milette 3, 60, 114, 165–6, 171, 174–5
Gajdukevitch, V. F. 591, 601
Gaki-Papanastassiou, K. 118
Galen 219–20
Gane, Mike 196
Ganschinietz, R. 137
Gantz, Timothy 51, 56, 90
Garbrah, K. 497
García Ramón, J. L. 613
García Teijeiro, M. 401–2
Garland, Robert 22, 30, 233–5, 310–16, 495
Gartziou-Tatti, A. 154
Gasparro, Giulia S. 5, 212, 407, 426
Gater, John 117
Gauthier, Philippe 391, 546
Gawlinski, Laura 36, 342
Ge (Gaea/Gaia, goddess) 91–2, 359, 371–2, 374, 457, 483, 514, 541
Gebauer Jörg, 51
Gebhard, Elizabeth 390
Geertz, Clifford 163
George, A. 607, 612
Georgoudi, S. 545
Gerber, Douglas E. 389
Gernet, Louis 40
Giangiulio, M. 276
giants 199, 598
Giddens, Anthony 347
Gill, D. W. J. 167
Gillings, Mark 118
Giordano-Zecharya, M. 335
Girard Renée, 464
Girardot, Norman J. 654
Girone, M. 508
Giuman, Marco 189
gods and goddesses
anthropomorphism 214–15, 319–20, 432, 492, 496, 654
chthonian 5, 140–2, 355–64
deification 5, 429–42
depiction/imagery of 4, 51–64, 83–95, 114, 153, 165–76, 317, 319, 491–3, 644–6
divine agency 31–2, 77
divine negligence (ameleian) 74
divine perfection 216
divine retribution 26, 74–5
essentialization of 39–40
hierarchy 424
human–divine relationship 17, 57, 75–7, 175, 183–7, 491–501, 654–7
naming and identifying 12–13, 30
new deities 4, 12, 29–30, 233–4, 309–20, 372–3
offerings of robes (peplos) 157, 167–9, 176, 266, 494
Olympian 5, 11, 355–64, 404, 571–4
Olympian/chthonian binary concepts 355–64, 384, 388
origins 5, 40, 369–81
personifications (the Fates) 42–3, 46, 141, 498, 641
ritual reception (theoxenia) 181, 389, 392–3, 494, 498–9, 545
unity and plurality 39–46
universal and local nature of 11, 13–14
see also heroes; myth/mythology; and individual deities
Goff, Barbara 244, 250
Golden, M. 524
Goldhill, Simon 68–9, 77
Goroncharovski, V. A. 591
Gordon, Richard 173, 511
Gould, John 27, 77
Graham, Alexander J. 281, 582
Graham, Angus C. 653, 657
(p. 677) Graham, Daniel 212
Graham, J. Walter 245
Granet, Marcel 656–7
Granger, H. 213
Gras, M. 568, 571
Greaves, Alan M. 599
Greco-Egyptian culture and religion 7, 136, 621–34
festivals 630–1
mysteries and initiation 631–2
priests 633
temples and sanctuaries 626–9
Greco-Roman culture and religion 51, 121, 123, 131, 432, 516, 624
Gregory, Andrew 72
Grenet, Frantz 639–40, 645
Grondin, Jean 213
Gruppe, Otto 605
Guarducci, Margherita 58, 99, 508
Guldager Bilde, Pia 589
Gunter, Ann C. 612, 614
Güntner, Gudrun 58
Guthrie, William K. C. 135
Habicht, Christian 387, 431–3
Hades (god) 283, 292, 363–4, 400, 403–5, 496, 523, 557, 625, 639
Hadzisteliou-Price, Theodora H. 362, 385
Hägg, Robin 228
Haider, P. W. 610
Hall, David 653, 657
Hall, E. 407
Hall, Jonathan M. 275
Hamilakis, Yannis 118
Hamilton, Richard 248
Hanell, Krister 568
Hankinson, R. J. 656, 660
Hannah, Robert 537–8
Hansen, M. H. 257, 326, 330, 534
Harding, Phillip 204–6
Harper, Donald J. 659
Harpokrates (child-god, aka Horus) 120, 624–5
Harrington, J. M. 118
Harris, Diane 16, 168, 173
Harris, Roy 105
Harrison, Jane Ellen 357
Harrison, Thomas 2, 23–4, 26, 68–9, 72, 75–7, 206, 247, 398, 495
Hart, Mary L. 120, 122
Hausmann, Ulrich 241
Hawkins, Shane 609
Head, B. V. 61–2, 64
healing 505–17
Epidaurian healing inscriptions (iamata) 505–10
epidemics and plagues 506, 513–16
erection of statues 514–15
incubation (healing dreams and visions) 6, 142–3, 479, 481, 494, 499, 506–10, 516
On the Sacred Disease (Hippokratic text) 72, 301, 505
penitence 505
Phrygian ‘Confession Stelai’ 506, 510–12, 516
purification ritual and law 17, 136, 213, 218, 248, 262, 296, 297, 301, 302, 304, 399, 402, 418, 422, 505–6, 513–16, 628
sacred animals 507
see also pollution
Heinze, Richard 414, 420
Heitsch, Ernst 141
Hekate (goddess) 185, 247–9, 356, 359–62, 404, 594–6
Helios (personification of the Sun) 54–5, 54, 138, 141, 161, 609, 645–6
Hellenistic kings and rulers 429–42
Helmis, A. 391
Hellström, P. 102
Henderson, John 18
Hengstl, Joachim 132, 136, 143
Henige, David 204
Henrichs, Albert 94, 103, 108, 131, 134, 358–9, 402, 533
Hephaistos (god) 167, 371, 374, 379, 575, 624
Hera (goddess) 11, 43–6, 359, 374
depictions of 43–4, 46, 62–4, 90–2
sanctuary on Samos 62–4, 230–2, 274
temple at Boiotian Plataia 44
temple at Parthenia 45
temple at Poseidonia 579
(p. 678) Herakles (god/mythological hero) 13, 91, 201, 259, 372, 377–8, 384, 404, 435, 600–1
kraterophron (cult epithet) 86
sanctuary on Thasos 17
visual depictions of 51–7, 52, 54, 601
Heraklitos 69, 72, 175, 219–20, 363, 613–14, 653
Herbich, T. 117
Herculaneum 115
Herington, C. J. 168, 172
Hermann, Arnold 214
Hermes (god) 137, 139–40, 166, 167, 482
Herodotos 4, 12–14, 18, 33–4, 68–71, 83, 123, 131, 151–2, 195, 198–9, 238, 250, 264, 282, 298, 312, 379, 406, 495, 512, 553, 574
Histories 75–7, 151, 200–1, 371–2, 599, 621
story of Helen of Troy 201–3
heroes/heroines
causes of pollution 2
hero-cults 5, 153, 310, 383–93, 403, 440–1, 571
imperishable fame 552
libation tube feeding of dead heroes (enagismos) 392, 463
life and death dichotomy 5, 383–93
revenants 402–3
significance of death 383–5
tombs and funerals 384–8
traffic in bones 388, 389
see also drama; epic narrative; gods; myth/mythology; and individual names
Herrero, Miguel 134–5
Herrmann, H. V. 388–9
Herrmann, P. 454
Herzog, Rudolf 507
Hesiod 13, 31, 70, 77, 83–7, 151–3, 162, 214, 216, 220, 369–75, 385–6, 401, 416, 450, 466, 471, 610–12, 614
Works and Days 87, 385, 537–49
Hestia (goddess) 246
Heubeck, A. 405
Hiebert, Fredrik T. 641
Hieropolis 15, 70, 514, 515, 609
Higbie, Carolyn 107, 496
Hild, J. A. 414
Hiltebeitel, Alf 153
Hipparchos 167
Hippokrates 304
historiography 4, 68, 83, 98, 101, 201–2, 207
history 4, 195–207
foundation myths 32, 181, 189–91, 198, 203–7, 571
heroic legend 197, 199–201
ideology 196
local vs. ‘great’ 203
mythistory 198–207
notion of truth 195, 203, 207
positivism 196
Hitch, Sarah 2, 99, 399, 493
Hock, Geog 174
Hodder, Ian 116
Hodge, A. Trevor 578
Hodos, Tamar 118
Holt, Frank L. 637
Homeric Hymns
Aphrodite 379–80, 494–5
Apollo 31, 276, 278, 370–1, 374, 484, 524
Demeter 31, 153, 524, 559
Hermes 482
Hestia 246
Hommel, Hildebrecht 589
Homolle, T. 596
Hooker, J. T. 401
Hopfner, Theodor 137–8
Hordern, J. 134–5
Horky, Phillip S. 613
Hornblower, Simon 274, 276–8
Hornborstel, Wilhelm 625
Horus (god) 137, 143, 624
Houby-Nielsen, S. 57
household (oikos)
altars 548
ancestral gods 166, 205
divine images 166–7
(p. 679) family piety 107, 241–53, 497
gender roles 521
hearths 245, 246
location of ritual practice 2, 4, 246–7, 250–3
shrines 242, 245–6, 248–9
women’s quarters 246
Hughes, Dennis D. 18, 387, 530
Hume, David 25
Humphreys, S. C. 526
Hunter, Richard 435, 612
Hupe, J. 589
Hurcombe, Linda 100
Hurrian/Hittite culture and religion 7, 606–13, 615
Hurwit, Jeffrey M. 180, 190
Hutson, Scott 116
Hutter, M. 607–9
Hutton, William 71, 78–9
hymns, see songs and music
Iggers, G. G. 196
Ilyina, T. A. 596–7
impiety (asebeia) 4–5, 72, 268–9, 311, 325–36
atheism 325, 327, 329, 333–6
legal procedure (graphe asebeias) 325–6, 328–9, 333
sacrilege 26
inscriptions 51, 59–61, 97–108, 313–14, 452, 497–8
commemoration and devotion 104–6
cultural memory 97, 105
dedications 99–102, 237
Epidaurian healing inscriptions (iamata) 505–10
footprints 105
funerary 42, 401, 426, 557
hymns 105
laws and prescriptions 329–31, 339–51
Lindian Chronicle 107–8, 429–31, 434, 499, 583–5
Linear B 152, 373–4, 385, 539
Phrygian ‘Confession Stelai’ 506, 510–12
power and authority 97–8, 101–4
prayers and curses 103–6
religious experience 104–6
sacrificial calendars 537–49
social ties and connectivity 106–8
Insoll, Timothy 116, 118
Instone, S. 105
Ion of Chios 93
Epidemiai 84
Iossif, Panagiotis 440
Isis (goddess and cult) 7, 13, 30, 115, 123, 236, 318, 372, 438, 621–4, 631–2
Ismard, P. 99, 258
Isokrates 358, 364
Ad Nikolem 297
Areopagitikos 30, 33
Panathenaikos 74
Isyllos of Epidauros (poet) 342, 350, 497–9
Ivantchik, A. I. 591, 597–8
ivory 16, 171
Jacoby, Felix 203, 205–6
Jaeger, W. 398, 400–1
Jakov, D. 450
Jameson, Michael H. 16, 115, 245–6, 261, 359, 402, 494, 568, 574
Jeammet, Violaine 120
Jeanmaire, Henri 522
Jensen, Søren S. 415
Jiménez, Ana E. 135
Johnston, Sarah Iles 6, 16, 135–6, 141, 268, 298, 300, 311, 361, 363–4, 373, 399–400, 402, 404, 407–8, 451, 478, 480–2, 485–7, 512, 551, 553, 657
Jones, Alexander 538
Jones, Christopher 387
Jones, Horace L. 528
Jones, Lindsay 228
Jones, Martin 118
Jones, Nicholas F. 258–9
Jordan, D. R. 359, 402, 568, 574
Jost, J. T. 196
Jost, M. 318
Jouan, F. 406–7
Jouanna, J. 100
(p. 680) Kabeiroi (gods) 122–3, 282
Kader, I. 386, 391
Kahil, Lilly 532–3
Kaibel, Georg 557
Kajava, M. 448
Kalinowski, Marc 659
Kaltsas, Nikos 241–3
Kalydon 14, 392
Kambitsis, S. 139
Karakasi, Katarina 230
Katz, J. 480
Kaukon (mythological hero) 34–5
Kavoulaki, Athena 497
Kearns, Emily 2, 11, 98, 100, 316, 342, 355, 387
Keesling, Katherine 167
Keightley, David N. 660
Kennell, Nigel 531
Kephisos (god) 60
Kessler, D. 621
Kienast, H. J. 230
Kilian-Dirlmeier, I. 273, 581
Kindt, Julia 76, 105, 113–14, 116–17, 167, 173, 257, 261, 274, 315, 331, 356, 360, 496, 655
King, Charles 23
King, Helen 524–5
Kitts, Margo 158
Klaros 514, 515
Kleibl, Kathrin 7, 131, 151, 235, 318–19, 373, 606, 622–4, 626, 629–33
Klein, N. L. 578
Kleisthenes (statesman) 180, 258, 316, 479
Klinghardt, Matthias 449
Kloppenborg, John S. 114
Koch Piettre, R. 496, 500
Koenen, Ludwig 432
Koetschau, P. 449
Kohl, Philip 116
Kolde, Antje 350, 497
Konsolaki, E. 118
Kortansky, R. D. 359, 402, 568, 574
Koshelenko, G. A. 593, 596, 598–9, 602
Kötting, B. 105
Kouremenos, Theokritos 133, 212
Kowalzig, Barbara 88, 274–5, 280–1
Kranz, Walther 654
Krauter, S. 265
Kravaritou, S. 537
Kreon (mythological ruler) 14
Krieger, Leonard 196
Kroll, J. H. 168
Kron, Uta 244, 264
Kronos (god) 44, 46, 91, 151, 609–11
Krüger, O. 346
Kruglikova, I. T. 640
Krumme, M. 170
Krummen, E. 390
Kubinska, J. 386
Kucan, D. 118
Kuhrt, A. 612
Kurke, Leslie 120, 318
Kurtz, Donna C. 399
Kushan empire 640, 645–6
Kybele (goddess and cult of the Great Mother/Meter) 317, 372, 601–2, 645
Kyrene 17, 532, 553
Purification Law 248
Kyriakidis, Evangelos 116
Kyrieleis, Helmut 44, 230–2, 274, 388–9
Lactantius 45, 464
Ladike (wife of Amasis II) 14
Laidlaw, W. 237
Lake, Mark 118
Laks, A. 133
Lambert, S. D. 258, 260, 531
Lamberton, Robert 160
Lambrinoudakis, V. 278
Lampon (seer) 14
Lane, Eugene 350
Lane Fox, Robin 136, 377, 487, 610–11
Langdon, Merle 100
Langin-Hooper, S. M. 124
Lapatin, K. D. S. 168, 170–3
La Rocca, E. 500
Larson, Jennifer 58, 385
Lateiner, Donald 77
Laum, B. 386, 391–2
Laumonier, Alfred 123, 609
Launey, Marcel 260
Lawall, M. 124, 282
Lawton, C. L. 61
Lazzarini, M. L. 99
LeBlanc, S. A. 116
Lefèvre François, 276–7
(p. 681) Lehmann, Karl 281–2, 284
Lehmann, P. W. 281–3
Lehoux, D. 118
Leitao, David 525
Lesbos 615
Lesher, James H. 213–14
Leto (goddess) 87–8, 90
Leumann, M. 86, 92
Levantine culture and religion 374, 376, 379, 606, 609–13
Lévêque, P. 384
Levi, P. 79
Lévi-Strauss, Claude 556
Lewis, Naphtali 132, 282–3
Lhôte, Éric 451, 479, 486, 659
Lichtheim, Miriam 140
LiDonnici, Lynn R. 32, 507
life-change rituals 2, 6, 521–34
adolescence and puberty 522–5, 527–34
Amphidromia (recognition of newborns by fathers) 246
baby’s first bath 524
female initiation ceremonies 532–3
gender segregation 523
hairstyles 525
homosexuality 529–30
male initiation ceremonies 528–31
marriage and death rituals 525–7
naming of children 246
pregnancy and birth 524–5
symbolic clothing 525, 529
Lightfoot, Jane L. 15
Limberis, N. Y. 591
Lincoln, P. 522–3
Lindberg, David C. 138
Linder, M. 24
Linders, Tullia 100–1, 103
Lindos 107
Lindström, G. 639
Linfert, A. 58
Lipinski, Edward 379
Lissarrague, F. 53
Little, Lester K. 513
Litvinskii, B. A. 646
Litvinskij 639–40, 644
Livy 203
Lloyd, Alan B. 137, 151, 372, 379
Lloyd, Geoffrey E. 72, 652–4, 660–1
Loewe, Michael 657, 661
logos/logoi (discourse/argument/language) 68, 79, 133–4, 137, 139, 141–4, 197
López-Ruiz, Carolina 5, 371, 376, 610, 612–13
Loraux, Nicole 265, 386
Lorenz, C. 196
Lorenz, J. 612
Lorenz, Konrad 465–6
Loucas, E. 102
Loucas, I. 102
Lozovoi, S. P. 595–6
Lucan 405
Luce, Jean-Marc 276
Lucian 18, 70–1, 360, 406, 409, 481, 530
On the Syrian Goddess (De Dea Syria) 15, 71
Luck-Huyse, Karin 397
Lührmann, D. 496
Lupu, Eran 99, 102, 340–2, 344, 346–7
Luraghi, Nino 35, 203
Lykourgos 32, 68, 74–5, 469, 528–9
Lyons, Deborah 360, 385
Lysias (orator) 32–3, 74, 103, 167, 331–2, 334–5, 417, 512
Ma, J. 342
McCauley, B. 388
McConnell, B. E. 575
Macdonald, M. C. A. 105
MacDowell, Douglas M. 206, 331–2
McInerney, Jeremy 277
Mackil, Emily 258
MacKillop, James 159
Mackley, Robert 23
McLean, Bradley H. 99
McPherran, Mark L. 334
Magna Graecia (South Italy and Sicily) 6, 567–84
indigenous religion 575–6
religious interaction with Greece 581–4
religious tradition and innovation 568–76
temples and sanctuaries 570, 572, 573, 576–81, 577, 579
Magnesia-on-the-Maeander 499, 543–8, 611
(p. 682) Mairs, Rachel 7, 106, 114, 638–9, 641–2
Majercik, R. 221
Majumdar, N. G. 644
Malcolm, Norman 25
Malkin, Irad 33, 569, 571, 575, 579, 596, 598
Mallwitz, A. 388
Maltomini, F. 139
Manetti, Giovanni 478, 660
Maniscalco, L. 575
Manni, E. 568
Mansfield, J. M. 168–9
Marcadé, J. 236
Marchand, Suzanne L. 605
Marchenko, I. D. 591, 597
Marcone, A. 514
Marconi, C. 282, 585
Marcus, J. 116
Mari, Manuela 282
Marinatos, Nanno 228
Marshall, John 642
Martin, Alain 213
Martin, Gunther 69, 74
Martin, Richard 3, 153
Martinez, David 3, 83, 136–9, 144
Martinez-Sève, L. 644–6
Martlew, Holley 118
Marx-Wolf, H. 415
Maurizio, L. 267, 660, 662
Mayhew, Robert 328–9
Mayr, P. 625
Mazarakis Ainian, Alexander 230–2, 278
Megara 455, 568, 571, 574
Melaerts, H. 432
Melchert, H. Craig 606
Melfi, M. 314
Men (god) 30, 350
Menander (dramatist)
Arbitrator 426
Phasma 408
Samia 251
Menander (king) 644–5
Menodotos of Samos 45
Merkelbach, R. 139, 143, 514
Mertens, D. 571
Mertens, J. R. 54
Mesopotamian culture and religion 7, 376–7, 380, 440, 466, 514, 606–7, 612
Messenia 34–6
Meuli, Karl 465
Meyer, E. A. 104
Migeotte Léopold, 106–7
Mikalson, Jon D. 29, 67, 69, 77, 124, 216, 259, 295, 318, 513, 538, 546
Miles, M. 578
Miletos 265, 317, 486, 599
Miller, F. D. 398
Miller, J. L. 610
Miltiades (statesmen) 312, 553
Mitchell, M. M. 493
Mitsopoulos-Leon, V. 101
Mittag, P. F. 500
Mnasistratos the hierophant 35–6
Mnemosyne (goddess) 86
Möbius, H. 299
Mojsov, Bojana 622
Molinos Tejada, M. T. 401–2
Monbrun, P. 91
monotheism 39
monsters 91, 359, 377–8, 610
Monti, C. 118
Morenz, Siegfried 144
Morgan, Catherine A. 17, 99, 231, 258, 275–7, 581, 662
Morgan, Michael L. 216–18
Morris, S. P. 317, 609
Morrison, J. V. 156
Most, G. W. 133, 196
Moyer, Ian 373
Muller, Arthur 124
Müller, Karl Otfried 356
Muratov, Maya 6, 592–3, 595–6, 600
Murray, A. T. 449
Musaios (poet) 86, 133, 299, 301
Muses (goddesses) 86, 90, 93, 137, 160–1
Mykonos 260, 280, 344, 540–2, 548
Mylonopoulos, Jannis 172, 228, 275
myth/mythology 3, 11–18, 195–207
bricolage 556, 562
change and continuity 31, 200, 206–7, 375
depiction/imagery of 4, 51–64, 52, 54, 167, 169
dream imagery 34–5, 142–3
encoded/symbolized truth 195, 203–4
foundation myths 31–7, 181, 189–91, 198, 203–7, 312, 571
(p. 683) mythographers 200, 204–7, 251, 464
mythos as fiction 195
oral tradition 97, 103, 144, 200, 204, 403
origin of the gods 369–81
stories/storytelling 2–3, 11–12, 18, 26–7, 56, 78, 93–4, 166, 195, 198–207, 553
Nachtergael, G. 106
Naerebout, Frederick G. 24, 27
Nag Hammadi texts 221–2
Nagy, Gregory 88, 153, 157, 388–9
Naiden, Fred 6, 14, 21, 52–3, 118, 181, 265, 329, 341, 466, 471, 492
Napier, J. L. 196
Needham, Rodney 23, 25, 653, 657
Neer, Richard T. 58, 174, 280
Neils, Jenifer 167, 169, 242–3, 362, 525
Nestor (mythological hero) 153–5
Neumann, G. 607–9
Nevett, L. 119
Nevett, Lisa C. 245
Nicholls, R. V. 119–20, 122
Nick, Gabriele 170
Nielsen, T. H. 257
Niemeier, W.-D. 29, 610
Nietzsche, Friedrich 362
Nightingale, A. 69
Nijhawan, M. 347
Nikainetos of Samos 45
Nikias (military commander) 302
Nikomachos 32–3, 103
Nilsson, Martin P. 51, 315, 538
Nock, A. D. 258, 387, 500
Noegel, S. B. 317
Norden, E. 400, 405
Numenius 220–1
Oakley, John H. 57
Obbink, D. 608
Oberheid, Robert 610
O’Brien, Joan V. 63–4, 359
Odysseus (mythological hero) 11, 71, 154, 156, 159, 161–2, 278, 398–401, 404–5, 493, 554–5, 561
Oedipus (mythological hero) 14, 180, 183, 513, 516
Oettinger, N. 613
Ogden, Daniel 59, 102, 360, 405–6, 456
Ohlerich, I. 595, 599
Oldfather, C. H. 431
Olympia 274, 390, 538, 569, 581–4
cult of Pelops 388–91, 393
sanctuaries 15, 18, 227
Olympiodoros 135
oracles 6, 13–15, 35–6, 136–45, 293, 296–9, 496, 498, 656–62
Chaldaean 220–1
Clarion Apollo 514–15, 517
collectors, chanters, and interpreters (chresmologoi) 299, 310–11
cosmic sympatheia 485
Didyma 483, 486, 593
divination 162, 243, 298–9, 303, 467, 477–87, 656, 662
Dodona 32, 311, 372, 425, 451, 478–9, 486, 656, 659
drawing of lots 479–80
incubation 6, 142–3, 479, 481, 494, 499, 506, 508, 510, 516
independent diviners (pythones) 480
magic 485–7
natural vs. technical methods 478–81
Pythian Apollo 13, 35, 58, 60–1, 89, 234, 298–9, 302, 402–3, 478, 480–1, 483–4, 512
reading of entrails 243, 298–9, 303, 467, 477–8, 481, 485
seers/diviners (manteis) 293, 296–305, 310–11, 612–13, 657–8
Trophonios at Lebadeia 79–80
use of birds 162, 298, 477–8, 485, 656, 662
oratory/orators 73–5
Oreshko, R. 613
Orestes (mythological hero) 31, 188–9, 388
Origen 220, 422, 449
Orlandini, P. 575
Orpheus 133, 404
(p. 684) Orphic tradition 6, 30, 31, 103, 131, 281, 220–1, 300, 316, 360, 363, 371, 401, 404, 584, 614–15, 621
Bacchic gold tablets 135, 363–4, 426, 557–9
Derveni Papyrus 30, 93, 133–6, 212
Orsi, Paolo 571, 575, 581
Osborne, Robin 2, 22, 56, 98–9, 118, 167, 182, 228, 230, 243, 464, 606
Osiris (god) 13, 30, 140, 143–4, 319, 372–3, 421, 621–6, 629–32
Ostwald, Martin 333
Otto, Walter F. 132, 137, 398
Ouranos (god) 86, 92
Ousterhout, Robert G. 227
Ovid 200, 524
Pace, B. 576
Pache, C. O. 385
Pakkanen, P. 275
Palme, B. 132
Pan (god) 30, 32–3, 311–13, 318, 495, 498–9
Papalexandrou, A. C. 58, 229
Papanastassiou, D. 118
papyri/papyrology 3, 131–45
‘Curse of Artemisia’ 131, 144
Derveni Papyrus 30, 93, 133–6, 212–13, 222–3, 300, 418, 614
documentary 132–3
magical 136–45
Strasbourg Papyrus 222
Parássoglou, G. M. 133, 212
Parcak, Sarah 117
Pariente, A. 387
Parke, H. W. 136, 169, 451, 659, 662
Parmenides 216, 221
Partenie, Catalin 217
Partida, Elena 276
Patras 14–15
Paul, S. 543, 546
Pausanias 14–15, 18, 34, 37, 68–9, 78–80, 86, 168, 171, 173, 181, 275, 297, 389–90, 482, 506, 558, 568–9
Description of Greece see Index of Passages
Pausanias the Atticist 206
Pax, E. 493
Payne, H. 583
Pecorella Longo, C. 326
Pedley, John 228, 571, 580
Peek, P. M. 660
Pellizer, E. 448
Peloponnesian War 70, 76, 167, 173, 190–1, 234, 280, 297, 305, 314, 559
Pelops (mythological hero) 388–91, 393
Pensky, R. 196
Penttinen, A. 275
pepaideumenos (educated man) 71, 79
Peppas-Delmousou, D. 101
Percy, William 529
Perlman, P. 533
Persephone (goddess) 135, 139, 158, 205–6, 251, 282, 293, 403–5, 407, 457, 496, 523, 533, 559, 562, 569, 597–9
Persian culture and religion 7, 12, 16, 201–2, 327–8, 406–7, 605–7, 613–14
Persian Wars 16, 33–4, 70, 168, 171, 233, 265, 311, 313, 316, 429–30, 481, 554
Peterson, E. 135
Petrakos, V. 469
Petridou, Georgia 494, 496–7
Petrovic, Andrej 17, 329, 342, 349
Petrovic, Ivana 5, 342, 349, 387
Petsalis-Diomidis, Alexi 71
Pettazzoni, Raffaele 510
Petzl, Georg 510–12
Pfaff, C. A. 573
Pfister, Friedrich 385, 493, 500
Phanodemos (historian) 203–7
Pheidias (sculptor) 71, 83, 170–2
Philemon (dramatist) 247, 408
Philip of Macedonia 498, 583
Philipp, Hanna 100
Philippides (mythological hero) 32, 312–13, 495, 499
Philippus of Opus 419–20
Philo of Alexandria 39, 139, 325
(p. 685) Philochoros 169, 204–5, 300
philosophy 4, 211–23
aletheia (truth) 83
reason 215, 221–2
see also individual philosophers
Philostratos 642
Phoenician culture and religion 7, 123, 201–2, 259, 372–3, 378–81, 466, 583, 605–7, 610, 612–13
Piccardi, L. 118
Pičikjan, I. R. 639–40
Pickard-Cambridge, A. W. 180
pilgrimage 79, 105
Pinault, G.-J. 641
Pinney, G. F. 55–6
Pirenne-Delforge, Vincianne 2, 36, 41–3, 78, 175, 341, 343, 347–8, 356, 417
Pironti, Gabriella 2, 41–3, 356, 417
Planeaux, C. 313
Plato 73, 195, 211, 213–14, 216–22, 247, 304, 398, 401, 525, 530, 654
Apology 217, 333
conception of the afterlife 552, 557–8, 560–2
doctrine of the Forms 217
ethics 217–18
Euthyphro 14, 329
Gorgias 560
Kratylos 13, 416
Meno 217, 300
myth of Eros 418–19
Parmenides 222–3
Phaedo 560
Symposium 86, 418
Theaetetus 217
theory of recollection 217
Timaeus 219
Platonism 211, 214, 219–22
Pliny the Elder 509
Pliny the Younger 409
Plotinus 220–1
Plutarch 172, 198, 219–21, 233–5, 248, 252, 293, 300, 305, 319, 331, 333, 419–22, 426, 464, 469–71, 484, 496–8, 526, 529–30, 622, 625
Life of Timoleon 496–8
On the Disappearance of Oracles 415, 421
On Isis and Osiris 219, 415, 421, 622
Pluto (god) 131
poetry/poetic performance 3, 11–18, 68
Homeric Hymn to Apollo 84–93
poetic language 86
religious role of 83–95
symbolic capital 84
tool of socialization 85
Poland, Franz 259, 263
Polinskaya, I. 523, 531
pollution 268
conceptions of 2, 6, 74
death 523, 526
hereditary sin 135
hero cults 390
marriage, childbirth, and death 523
miasma from animal sacrifice 424
Polyaenus 485, 497
Polybios 204, 327–9, 576
Polygnotos (painter) 558
polytheism 2, 17, 23, 29, 39–46, 186, 320, 424, 432, 493
French structuralist approach to 40
Pomeroy, Sarah B. 245
Pompeii 115
Poo, M. C. 659
Poole, R. S. 61–2, 64
Popham, M. R. 386
Porphyry 30, 220–1, 223, 247, 358, 423–5, 464, 470
Poseidon (god) 11, 152–3, 155, 157–8, 161, 190, 311–12, 361, 372, 374, 450, 538, 540, 542
Poseidonia 571, 572, 579, 580
Poseidonios 67, 421
(p. 686) Potter, D. 318
pottery
Attic vases 166, 170
cult vessels dedicated to Artemis (krateriskoi) 532
depiction of the dead 556
grave goods 57
portrayal of women’s religious role 243, 249
vases/pots (lekythoi) 51–7, 52, 54
Poulsen, F. 392
Preißhofen, F. 172
Prêtre, Clarisse 99
Preucel, R. 116
Price, Martin 62, 63
Price, Simon R. F. 11, 22–3, 266, 431–2, 440, 471, 662
Price, T. H. 362
priests (hiereis)/priestesses (hiereiai)/priesthood 14, 133, 136, 267, 293–305, 486, 614
duties and functions 295–7
Greco-Egyptian 633
hierophants 35–6, 295, 332
Primavesi, Oliver 213
Pritchett, W. K. 497
Proclus 401, 449
Ptolemy I (Soter, king) 319, 373, 430–8, 625
Ptolemy II (Philadelphos, king) 252, 434–5, 437–8
Ptolemy III (Euergetes I, king) 132, 438
Ptolemy IV (Philopator, king) 133–4, 438, 441
Puett, Michael 655, 657
Pulleyn, Simon 13, 447–9
Purvis, Andrea 105, 311
Pythagoras 220–1, 401, 415, 420, 561
Pythagoreanism 218–21, 223, 401, 414, 416–21, 423, 561, 584, 653
Quack, J. 624
Rackham, H. 441
Radcliffe-Brown 521
Radet, G. 602
Rambach, J. 388
Raphals, Lisa A. 652–3, 657–8
Rapin, C. 642
Rauh, Nicholas K. 259
realia (objects of everyday life) 52–3, 84
Redfield, J. 402, 523, 526–7
Redman, C. L. 116
Reger, Gary 273, 540, 542
Rehm, A. 106
religion/theology
cognitive science 23
credal 23
diversity/plurality 2, 5, 11–18, 39–46
influence of the Paris School 257, 464
network theory 316–17, 331
old vs. new 29–37
Olympian/chthonian binary concepts 355–64, 384
polis religion 1, 113–14, 119, 124–5, 186, 217, 257, 273, 320, 326, 331, 439, 501, 523, 654
postcolonial analysis 317
syncretism 114, 132, 134, 139, 220, 575–6, 591, 625, 646
theologia naturalis, theologia fabularis, theologia civilis distinction 67, 73
religious authority
adoption of new deities 309–20
ancestral customs (ta patria) 340, 348
divine agency 349–50
experts (exegetes) 4, 14, 268, 293–305, 486
monuments and inscriptions 101–4
regulation of behaviour 102, 327
sacred law/prescriptions 5, 14–18, 30, 35–6, 98, 101–4, 329–31, 339–51, 467–72
scribes 612, 633
seers/diviners (manteis) 293, 296–305, 310–11, 612–13, 657–8
sorcerers/begging priests 299–301, 614
see also impiety
religious experience 59–61, 68–71, 79–80, 104–6
epiphany 6, 13, 59, 61, 105, 251, 438, 463, 491–501
Renberg, G. 497
Renfrew, Colin 116–17
Reuthner, Rosa 169
Rhea (goddess) 44, 134–5, 360
(p. 687) Rhodes, Robin F. 100
Rhomaios, K. 392
Rhys-Davids, T. W. 644
Richardson, N. J. 92
Richer, N. 311
Rickett, W. Allyn 655
Ricoeur, Paul 197
Ridgway, B. S. 55–6, 58, 168, 580
Rieken, E. 612
Rigsby, Kent J. 499
Rives, J. 114
Robert, Louis 346, 608, 639
Robertson, N. 169–70, 276, 402, 540
Robinson, D. M. 245
Robinson, Annabel 357
Roeder, H. 228
Rohde, Erwin 356–7, 362, 551
Roller, Lynn E. 317
Rolley, C. 274, 276
Romano, I. B. 168–9, 174
Rose, H. J. 247
Rosenmeyer, T. G. 401
Rosenzweig, Rachel 379
Rougemont, Georges 344, 346, 385, 639, 641, 643
Rouse, W. H. D. 345
Roussel, Pierre 123, 236–7
Rousset, Denis 277
Rowlandson, Jane 133
Roy, Jim 313
Rubsam, W. J. R. 133
Rückert, Birgit 167
Rudhardt, Jean 326, 464
Rusyaeva, A. S. 589, 592
Rutherford, Ian 70, 79, 106, 282, 284, 607, 610–12
Sabazios (god) 30, 247, 251, 316, 373, 608
sacrifice (thysia) 12, 13, 261–6, 463–73
aesthetic performance 464–5, 467, 470, 544
ancestral (patria) vs. additional (epitheta) 32–3
animal slaughter 14–15, 16, 51–3, 52, 118, 181, 231, 241–2, 247, 265, 296, 391–2, 424, 463, 465–72, 544–5, 654
blood sacrifice 6, 422–5
‘holocaust’ sacrifice 14, 387, 390
human 18, 463–4, 516, 529
incense burning 463, 469, 630
Laphria festival 14–15
libations 53, 94, 118, 176, 243, 250, 282, 357, 387, 392–3, 399, 436, 463–4, 466, 547, 614, 630
Olympian vs. chthonian 98, 463–4
ritual cries 242, 246–7
rules and prescriptions 30, 32–3, 344–5, 467–72
sacramental act 22
sphagia (bloodletting) 463
standards of decorum 467–72
thysia (burned/cooked offerings) 387, 423, 463–4, 467–8
use of cakes 98
vegetal offerings 463, 466
wild animals 15, 231
women’s role 242–4
Salomon, Richard 642
Samothrace
mystery cult 281–5
sanctuary of the Great Gods 118, 277, 281–5, 283, 333
Sanchez, P. 275–7
Sancho Rocher, L. 326
sanctuaries/temples 4, 13–15, 227–38
altars 15, 230
architecture 228, 230, 236
asylum 16
catchment areas 273–4, 280
festivals and courtship 16, 262
floral offerings 118
political function 228–9
prohibition on sexual intercourse 18
sacred law/prescriptions 5, 14–18, 102
sacred prostitution 18, 70, 380
sacred space 4, 114–15, 117–18, 228–38, 438
votive offerings 3, 15–17, 59–61, 99–100, 115, 122, 172–3, 231–2, 452
Santangelo, F. 546
Sappho 251, 613
Sappho Painter 52, 54
Saprykin, S. Y. 596, 602
(p. 688) Sarapis (Osiris Serapis/Oserapis/Oser-Apis, god and cult) 68, 123, 131, 143–4, 235–6, 318–20, 373, 621, 623–6
Sayce, Archibald 609
Schachter, A. 123, 228, 274
Schädler, U. 543
Schazmann, P. 392
Scheer, Tanja 3, 51, 84, 166–70, 172–6, 206, 215
Scheid, John 24
Schiffer, M. 119
Schlesier, Renate 357–9, 384, 452
Schliemann, Heinrich 115
Schmidt, Armin 117
Schmidt, Francis 39
Schmidt, J. 138
Schmidt, M. 237
Schmidt, S. 166
Schmitt Pantel, Pauline 78, 124, 257, 261, 266
Schöpsdau, K. 328
Schorn, Stefan 548
Schröder, H. O. 219
Schürr, D. 607–8, 611
Scott, David A. 114
Scott, Michael 4, 15, 99, 106–7, 115, 229, 274, 276, 581, 622
Scullion, Scott 98, 206, 355–6, 358–9, 384, 387, 463
Scully, Vincent 228
Scythians 201, 591–4, 598–9
Seaford, Richard 206, 362–3, 374, 527
Segal, Charles 362
Segel, R. 252
Segre, Mario 346
Selinus 568–9, 571, 574, 578–81
Seth (god) 137, 622, 624
Shapiro, Harvey A. 241–3
Shaub, I. Y. 591, 598, 600
Shaw, R. 114
Shaya, J. 583
Shear, J. L. 106
Shear, T. L. 122
Shenkar, M. 645
Shepherd, Gillian 6, 553, 575–6
Sherwin-White, S. M. 392
Sider, David 554
Siebert, G. 166, 167
Siewert, P. 262
Silanos of Ambrakia (seer/diviner) 302–4
Sineux, P. 498
Sinn, U. 229
Sinos, R. H. 497
Siracusano, Anna 575
Sivin, Nathan 653, 661
Skinner, Joseph E. 274–5
Skinner, Quentin 26
Slater, W. J. 499
Smith, Morton 137–8
Smith, Nicholas D. 335
Smith, Robertson 21–5
Smith, William C. 23, 26
Snell, B. 398
Snodgrass, Anthony M. 117, 229, 574, 580–1
Sokolova, O. Y. 601
Sokolowski, Franciszek 14, 98, 99, 344, 346–8
Sokolsky, N. I. 600
Sokrates 30, 216, 269, 311, 325, 333–6, 452, 560
soldiers and mercenaries 159, 259–61, 302–4, 385, 400, 430, 637
Solon 32
Sommerstein, A. 532
songs and music 85–93, 160–1
choral dance 85
choral poetry 182, 183
construction of authority 87, 92–4
dithyrambs 179, 180–2
lyric song (melos) 179–80, 185–7
mediator of divine reality 85
musical contest (mousikos agon) 86, 179–83
processional song (prosodion) 179
sistra (musical instruments) 115
Sophokles 84–5, 93, 182, 313, 372
Oedipus Tyrannus 183, 513, 452
Sorabji, Richard 655
Sørensen, Jesper 23
Soskice, Janet M. 27
Sourvinou-Inwood, Christiane 40, 67, 69, 93, 113, 165, 169–70, 180–1, 189, 199, 206, 245, 250, 257, 267, 273, 310–12, 320, 331, 484, 521, 525, 532–3, 555
Soury, G. 421
Sparta/Spartans 191, 198, 304–5, 522–3
(p. 689) citizenship 302, 531
free men (perioikoi) 35
kings 200, 305, 311
male initiation ceremonies 528–31
marriage ceremonies 526
sacrificial practice 469–70
Sperber, Dan 25–7
Spittle, D. 281–2
Stähli, A. 166
Stambaugh, John 621
Stark, Rodney 614
statuary 61–4, 167–71, 174–5, 181, 234, 545–7, 597–601
figurines 118, 119–25, 120–1, 242, 595–7, 601
kouroi/korai 16, 184, 274
remedy against disease 514–15
Stauber, J. 514
Stavrianopoulou, Eftychia 99, 347–8
Steele, John M. 538
Steiner, D. T. 167, 170–1, 174–5
Steiner, G. 405
Steinhauer, G. 101
Stengel, Paul 357, 384, 387, 464, 471
Stephens, S. 373
Stern, Sacha 538
Stesichoros (poet) 183
Stevens, A. 495
Stewart, Charles 35, 114
Stocker, S. 155
Stoics/Stoicism 421, 485
Stol, M. 606
Stone, I. F. 334
Strabo 18, 70, 83, 189, 275, 277, 497, 506, 528–9, 569, 592, 598, 644
Stramaglia, Antonio 400, 402, 408–9
Strauss, B. S. 332
Strauss, R. 610
Strauss Clay, Jenny 91, 361
Stroud, R. S. 458, 572
Strubbe, J. H. M. 454
Struck, Peter T. 93, 485, 660
Sturgeon, M. C. 599–600
Summa, D. 499
Svoronos, J. N. 57
Swain, Simon 37
Tacitus 612
Tanner, Jeremy 492
Taracha, Piotr 609
Tarn, W. W. 637
Tarrant, Harold 4, 195, 221–2
Tassi, F. 118
Tausend, K. 275, 281
Taylor, Claire 3, 104, 106
Taylor, P. 609
Teffeteller, A. 615
Teiresias (mythological prophet) 14, 142, 405, 483, 493
Teubner, Hans 344
Thales 212, 417–18
Thasos 17, 106, 372, 441
Thayer, K. 118
Theagenes of Rhegion 160
Theagenes of Thasos 385, 441
Thebes 152, 180, 203, 205, 248, 251, 310, 372, 483, 513, 633
Themis (goddess) 42, 43
Themistokles (statesman) 233–5, 311–12, 464
Theognis 70
theogony 12, 30, 31, 40, 68, 204, 371
Theokritos 252, 435, 437–8
Theophrastos 133, 247–8
Theoris of Lemnos (sorceress) 300
Thomas, Christine 608
Thomas, Rosalind 103, 204, 660
Thompson, Dorothy B. 124
Thompson, Dorothy J. 131–2, 318, 644
Thompson, Homer H. 124
Thönges-Stringaris, R. N. 557
Thucydides 70, 73–4, 76, 173, 195, 198–9, 278, 281, 297, 299, 513, 553, 568
Tilley, C. 100
time
calendars 537–49
conceptions of 6, 548–9
primeval 200–1
Timoleon (statesman) 293
Timotin, Andrei 415
Tipping, R. 118
Titans (gods) 92, 135, 361, 363, 609, 611
Titanomachy 610–11
(p. 690) Todd, S. C. 33, 103, 331–2, 335
Tokhtasiev 598
Tolstikov, S. R. 592–5, 600
Tomlin, R. S. O. 458
Török, L. 114
Totti, M. 139, 143
Trampedach, Kai 261, 327
Travlos, John 233–4
Tréheux, J. 280
Treister, M. Y. 595
Trell, Bluma L. 62, 63
Tremlin, Todd 23, 25
Trémouille, M.-C. 608
Tresp, A. 341
Tréziny, H. 568, 571
Trojan War 11, 44, 152, 180, 558
Trümpy, C. 537–9, 544
Tsagalis, C. 104
Tsakirgis, B. 115
Tsantsanoglou, K. 133, 212
Turcan, R. 397
Turkeltaub, D. 493, 495
Turner, John D. 221, 223
Turner, Victor 522–3, 530–1
Tynnichos of Chalkis 30
Tzedakis, Y. 118
Uhlenbrock, J. 124
Usener, Hermann 344
Ustinova, Yulia 591, 593, 598
van der Eijk Philip 72
van Dongen, E. 606, 610
van Gennep, Arnold 522, 531
van Nijf, Onno 259
van Straten, Folkert 51–3, 60, 100, 115, 448, 450, 472, 497
Vanschoonwinkel, J. 610
Vansina, Jan 204
Várhelyi, Z. 486
Varro 45, 67
Vasselli, O. 118
Vedic soma rituals 153
Ventris, Michael 373
Verbanck-Piérard, A. 384, 387
Verhoeven, M. 116
Vernant, Jean-Pierre 6, 40, 46, 175, 361, 369, 464–6, 469–73, 652, 654, 657, 659–60
Versnel, Hendrik S. 2, 5, 23–4, 39, 41, 45, 68, 87, 103, 158, 184, 273, 335, 359, 363, 407, 449, 450, 452, 454–5, 458–9, 493, 495–6, 511
Veyne, P. 206
Vial, C. 280
Vidal-Naquet, Pierre 523, 530–1
Vikela, E. 60
Villatte, S. 397, 404
Vinogradov, Y. G. 594
Virgil 400
Visintin, M. 402
Visser, M. 386
Vitruvius 62
Vlassopoulos, Kostas 2, 4, 99, 273, 312
Vokotopoulou, I. 486
Volk, K. 480
von der Mühll, P. 404
von Prott, Johannes 344–5
von Ranke, Leopold 197
von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, U. 357, 505–6
Voutiras, Emmanuel 5, 104, 142, 402, 407–8, 450, 554
Voza, G. 572
Walbank, F. W. 432
Wallace, R. W. 326
Wasserman, N. 606
Waszink, J. H. 141
Watkins, C. 153, 609
Watson, P. J. 116
Weber, Max 300, 656
Webster, J. 105
Weingreen, J. 138
Weinreich, O. 452
Weiss, P. 62
Wells, B. 275
Weniger, L. 298, 574
Wescoat, Bonna D. 118, 124, 227, 282–3
Wesler, Kit 116
West, Martin L. 12, 92, 133–5, 138, 152, 218, 370–1, 374–5, 377–80, 606, 609, 611–13, 615
West, Stephanie 607
Wheatley, David 118
White, D. 574
(p. 691) White, Hayden 196
Whitehead, David 263
Whitley, J. 116, 228
Wickkiser, Bronwen L. 34, 313–15
Wiebe, Donald 25
Wiemer, H.-U. 543
Wilburn, A. T. 114, 139
Wildberg, C. 363
Wiles, D. 183
Will, E. 237
Willey, Hannah 3, 200–1, 512
Williams, Bernard 197
Williamson, Margaret 244
Winckelmann, J. J. 171
Winiarczyk, M. 325
Winter, F. E. 578
Wittgenstein, Ludwig 25, 27
women
basket bearers at festivals (kanephorai) 167, 181, 250, 252, 527, 532
childbirth rituals 523–4
clothing required at festivals 102
dedication of clothing (peplos) to goddesses 100–1, 157, 167–9, 176, 243, 266, 494, 525
divine protection in childbirth 188, 243, 251, 523–5
female diviners/seers (manteis) 298–9, 485, 496
marriage 523–7, 532–3
midwives 524
parthenos (unmarried girl, maiden) 44–5
participation in festivals 169, 243–4, 250–2
participation in magic 247–8
physiological change and pollution 6, 523–7
prostitutes/courtesans 18, 70, 120, 251–2, 380
punishment for adultery 242, 467
role in death ceremonies 523–4, 526
role in religion and ritual practice 2, 4, 59–61, 169, 241–53
women’s police (gynaikonomoi) 526
worship of herms 249
Woodbury, L. 334
Wormell, D. E. W. 451
Wycherley, Richard E. 233–4
Wypustek, Andrzej 387
Xenokrateia 60–1
Xenokrates 420–2
Xenophanes of Colophon 83, 174, 211, 213–16
Xenophon 73, 182, 199, 305, 327, 529, 659
Anabasis 27, 71, 302–4, 451–2
Hellenica 198
Hipparchos 182
Memorabilia 335
Xunzi (philosopher) 654–5
Yakubovich, Ilya 606, 613
Yavis, C. G. 51
Youtie, H. C. 131–2
Zaitsev, Y. P. 594
Zanker, P. 167
Zeitlin, F. I. 185
Zejmal’, T. I. 644
Zeus (god) 11, 12, 31, 42, 43–6, 74, 86, 90–2, 131, 135, 137–8, 140, 151–4, 156–62, 187, 246, 251, 311–12, 359, 361–2, 374–7, 482, 608, 644–5
sanctuary at Dodona 154, 425, 451, 478–9, 656, 659
sanctuary at Labraunda 267
sanctuary at Magnesia-on-the-Maeander 543–5
sanctuary at Mount Hymettos 100
sanctuary at Mount Lykaion 15
sanctuary at Mount Olympos 15, 18, 56, 83, 298
sanctuary at Syracuse 573–4
Zgoll, C. 607
Ziehen, Ludwig 344–5, 347
Zimmermann, K. 260
Zografou, A. 361
Zoroastrianism 219
Zubrow, E. 116
Zuntz, G. 576
Żybert, E. 360 (p. 692)