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date: 04 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter concentrates on influence from Anatolia, as illustrated by recent discoveries regarding the Luwian, Karian, and Lycian languages. These show the survival of various divinities of the Hittite and Luwian pantheon in Anatolia well into Hellenistic and Roman times. New discoveries have also shed light on the transmission of myths and rituals: the scapegoat ritual was transmitted from the Levant via southern Ionia to Athens and northern Ionia, whereas the myth of Kronos and the Titans reached Greece both via the sea route from the Levant and the land route of Anatolia. Scribes seem to have been the transmitters of mythological material, but travelling seers and ritual specialists the carriers of rituals. In some cases, as the cult of Adonis suggests, an influence via women cannot be excluded either. It ends with a brief study of the transmission of their lore to the Greeks by Persian magoi.

Keywords: Adonis, Hittite, Luwian, Karian, Kronos, Lycian, Ionia, Athens, Persian magoi, scapegoat ritual, Titans, mythological, transmission

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