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date: 20 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The Council of Chalcedon (451) recapitulates Nicaea, Constantinople, and Ephesus. It maintains that in the one person of Christ there were united the divine nature, consubstantial with the Father, and the human nature, consubstantial ‘with us’, through his mother, the theotokos. After Chalcedon divisions were opened in the Church which have never healed: the formula was rejected by those who came to be called ‘Nestorians’ and those who are called monophysites, miaphysites, or simply Eutychians. Severus of Antioch affirmed the unity of Christ. He identified the one Christ with the second person of the Trinity, and stated that ‘one of the Trinity suffered in the flesh’. Neo-Chalcedonian Christology was incorporated into the Fifth Ecumenical Council held at Constantinople in 553. Neo-Chalcedonianism developed an Orthodox Theopaschism and was influenced by Dionysius the Areopagite’s liturgizing of Christology. Aristotle was also influential here, for the use of his terminology provided clarifications in Christology.

Keywords: Chalcedon, Eutychian, Severus of Antioch, divine nature, person of Christ, Trinity, Theopaschism, Dionysius the Areopagite, Christology

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