Abstract and Keywords
Religious art flourished in Catholicism during the baroque period as an instrument of Catholic reform and partially as a reaction against the aniconic tendencies of many of the Reformers. The eighteenth and nineteenth centuries saw a waning interest in religious art under the pressures of the Enlightenment only to find a renewed vigour in the Romantic period. The renewed interest in the figure of Jesus Christ in the twentieth century drew upon the possibility of depicting Christ as a protest figure against the horrors of the age or as a prophetic sign in an age becoming more secularized. In the contemporary period, mainly, Catholic Christianity has seen the emergence of a new artistic interest as churches outside of Europe have tried to find an indigenous form of iconography while in the West there has been a vigorous revival of the older tradition of the iconographical art of the Christian East.
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