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date: 16 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Every theology student used to know that before Ephesus and Chalcedon theology was torn between the ‘Antiochene’ approach which divided the two natures of Christ and read Scripture realistically, and the Christology of the Alexandrians which united the natures in the person of the Logos but tended to diminish the humanity. This caricature has some truth but is also misleading. The Antiochenes looked at Scripture for moral improvement; the Alexandrians sought theosis through contemplative reading. Theodore of Mopsuestia prefers to speak of the ‘perfect union’ of Christ’s natures rather than synthesis. Nestorius affirms unity between the eternal Word and human Jesus, conceiving it as an exchange of perceptible forms wherein the Word shapes the human Jesus to reveal God and the humanity gives the Logos words and hands. Cyril of Alexandria, against the Nestorians, emphasized the singleness of the Christological subject in his saving acts.

Keywords: Chalcedon, Alexandria, Antioch, Cyril of Alexandria, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Nestorius, nature

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