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date: 17 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

When Phil. 2:6 says, ‘he emptied himself’ is ‘he’ the Incarnate Christ or it ‘he’ God pure and simple? One version of Kenoticism says the man Jesus Christ emptied himself; another version says God emptied himself to become the man Jesus Christ. Chemnitz claimed that Jesus’ human nature ‘has’ some divine attributes like majesty non-essentially. Modern Kenoticism was sparked by life of Jesus research, and by Strauss’ claim that one self-consciousness cannot have two different ‘personalities’. For Thomasius kenosis is divestment of divinity by the Word: Christ must be non-omniscient to be fully human. For Gess, Incarnation is the Word’s becoming a human soul. Scottish Kenoticists claimed the Word ‘retracted’ his divine attributes during the Incarnation. We need a kenotic theory which makes kenosisoriginal to the being of God so that its temporal concretization involves no change in God and understands kenosis to subtract nothing proper from God.

Keywords: kenosis, Philippians 2:6-11, incarnation, divine attributes, soul

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