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date: 17 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Kant thought it reasonable to hope that one is judged lawful by an omniscient lawgiver. Christ’s commitment to the moral law arouses such respect in us that we can commit to it. This is how Kant’s Christ is a moral exemplar. Schleiermacher thought that freedom and dependence are contradictory only in sinful people. Scheliermacher’s Christ is both utterly conscious of dependence on God and fully free. Because of a new implantation of God-consciousness in him, God is present in Christ through his God-consciousness. Schleiermacher’s Christ is perfectly receptive to God’s being-in-love and makes us receptive to his receptivity, thereby redeeming us. Hegel argued that we must become for ourselves what we are in ourselves. For Hegel, Christianity is the religion in which Spirit is spirit and spirit is Spirit, neither reduced to human spirit nor absolutely transcending it. In Christ God overcomes the gulf between God and God.

Keywords: Kant, moral law, freedom, lawgiver, practical, guilt, Schleiermacher, consciousness, Hegel

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