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date: 10 July 2020

(p. xxi) List of Abbreviations

(p. xxi) List of Abbreviations

1

first person

2

second person

3

third person

ABL

ablative

ABS

absolutive

ACC

accusative

ACT

active

Adj

adjective

Adv

adverb

AFF

affirmative

AG

agent

AGR

agreement

AI

animate intransitive verb stem

AL

alienable possession

ALL

allative

AN

Austronesian

AN

animate

ANTIP

antipassive

AOR

aorist

AP

antipassive

APPL

applicative

ART

article

AS

Aslian

ATTR

attributive

AUG

augment

AUG

augmentative

AUGM

augmentative

AUX

auxiliary

AV

actor voice

BN

Bahnaric

CAUS

causative

CEMP

Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian

CER

certainty

CF

centrifugal

circumfix

Cho

Chorote

CL

noun class marker

CL

classifier

CLX

noun class marker of class X

CM

conjugation marker

CMP

Central Malayo-Polynesian

COM

comitative

COMIT

comitative

COMP

comparative COMPL completive

COND

conditional

CONJ

conjunction

CONT

continuous aspect

CONV

converb

CP

centripedal

D

declarative

D.PAST

distant past

DAT

dative

DEF

definite

DEM

demonstrative

DETR

detransitive

DETRANS

detransitive

DIM

diminutive

DIR

directional

DIRV

directive

DIST

distal

DIST

distributive

DM

discourse marker

DN

deverbal noun

DU

dual

DUB

dubitative

DUR

durative

EMP

Eastern Malayo-Polynesian

EMPH

emphatic

ep

epenthetic

ER

evaluative rule

ERG

ergative

EUPH

euphonious

EXCL

exclusive

F

feminine

F

Formosan

factitive

FEM

feminine

FOC

focalization

FOC

focus

FUT

future

FV

final vowel

GEN

genitive

GO

goal

GP

generic person

H

head-marking

HAB

habitual

HTR

high transitivity

IC

incorporation closer

IDEO

ideophone

IDN

identifier

IMP

imperative

IMPV

imperfective

INACC

inaccusatif (unaccustative)

INAN

inanimate

INC

inceptive

INCH

inchoative

INCL

inclusive

IND

indicative

INDEF

indefinite

INDIC

indicative

INF

infinitive

INFL

inflection

INS

instrumental

INST

instrumental

INSTR

instrument

INTERR

interrogative

INTR

intransitive

INTRANS

Intransitive

INV

inverse

IT

itive

KR

Khmeric

KS

Khasic

KT

Katuic

KU

Khmuic

LIG

ligature

LNK

attributive linker

LNK

linking element

locative

LTR

low transitivity

LV

locative voice

M

masculine

Ma

Maka

MAN

manner

MAS/MASC

masculine

ME

Middle English

MED

meditative evidential

MG

Mangic

MI

middle voice

MID

middle

MN

Monic

MP

Malayo-Polynesian

N

noun

NC

Nicobarese

NCM

noun class marker

ND

Nyangumarta dictionary

NEG

negation

NEUT

neuter

NFUT

non-future

NHG

New High German

Ni

Nivacle

NMLZ

nominalizer

NOM

nominalizer

NOM

nominative

NOMZ

nominalizer

NPAST

non-past

OBJ

object

OBL

oblique

OC

Oceanic

OE

Old English

OF

Old French

PART

participle

PASS

passive

PDE

Present-day English

PERF

perfect

PFV

perfective

PL

plural/pluractional

PL

Palaungic

POS/POSS

possessive

POSS

possessor

potential

PRED

predicate

PREP

preposition

PRES

present (indicative)

PRF

perfect

PRIV

privative

PRO

pronominal

PROG

progressive

PROPR

proprietive

PROX

proximal

PRS

present

PST

past

PTCP

participial

PTCP

participle

PURP

purposive

PV

patient voice

PV.PERF

patient voice perfective

QUOT

quotative

RAPPR

rapproachant (approaching)

R.PAST

recent past

RDP

reduplication

RECP

reciprocal

RED

reduplication

REDUP

reduplication

REFL

reflexive

REL

relativizer

REV

reversive

RFL

reflexive

RL

relational noun

S

subject

S

singular

SA

unglossable particle

SBJ

subject

SG

singular

SHWNG

South Halmahera-West New Guinea

SING

singular

SOC

sociative

Sp

Spanish

SPON

spontaneous

SUB

subordinator

SUB

subject

SUBJ

subjunctive

subsecutive

SUFF

suffix

THEM

thematic morpheme

TOP

topic

TR

transitivizer

TRANS

transitive

TRN

transnumeral

TRS

transitivizer

UNDF

undefined

V

verb

VBLZ

verbalizer

VBZ

verbalizer

VEN

ventive

VN

Vietnamese

VT

Vietic

VWF

word-formation value

Wi

Wichi

WMP

Western Malayo-Polynesian

YY

Yir Yoront