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date: 13 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The Mon-Khmer language family is generally perceived as having isolating morphology with some amount of fossilized morphology, notably, the widespread use of causative prefixes and nominalizing nasal infixes. However, a survey of the linguistic literature on the ten-plus sub-branches of Mon-Khmer (excluding Munda) reveals a larger amount of diversity. Many sub-branches, particularly those on the geographic perimeter of mainland Southeast Asia, have a dozen or more distinct morphosyntax functions. In this chapter, over twenty main functions of word-formation—including affixation (prefixes and affixes), reduplication, and compounding—are described with representative samples of the derivations from languages in the various sub-branches. Tables are provided showing the various sub-branches, which derivational processes are found in each sub-branch, and total number of the morphological functions in the various sub-branches.

Keywords: Mon-Khmer, Austroasiatic, typology, morphology, word-formation, affixation, reduplication

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