Abstract and Keywords
The Mon-Khmer language family is generally perceived as having isolating morphology with some amount of fossilized morphology, notably, the widespread use of causative prefixes and nominalizing nasal infixes. However, a survey of the linguistic literature on the ten-plus sub-branches of Mon-Khmer (excluding Munda) reveals a larger amount of diversity. Many sub-branches, particularly those on the geographic perimeter of mainland Southeast Asia, have a dozen or more distinct morphosyntax functions. In this chapter, over twenty main functions of word-formation—including affixation (prefixes and affixes), reduplication, and compounding—are described with representative samples of the derivations from languages in the various sub-branches. Tables are provided showing the various sub-branches, which derivational processes are found in each sub-branch, and total number of the morphological functions in the various sub-branches.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.