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date: 13 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter is divided into three parts, treating derivation in languages belonging to three branches of Sino-Tibetan. Chinese: As an extreme example of an analytic, isolating language with a high per-syllable information density index, Mandarin Chinese relies heavily on compounding in its morphology, and has relatively few truly bound morphemes. Tibetan exhibits many types of morphological derivation. The verbal system exhibits voicing among verbs of related meaning, but the patterns are not yet understood. Reduplication is used for functions including emphasis, onomatopoeia, temporal repetition, and spatial diversity. Rgyalrong is a morphologically complex Sino-Tibetan language spoken in northwestern Sichuan. Data are taken largely from the Tshobdun dialect, but the generalizations are drawn with all the major dialects in mind. Rgyalrong employs a rich variety of derivational devices for building stem forms, transforming word-classes, and creating derived words within a word-class.

Keywords: Sino-Tibetan, Qiangic, Rgyalrong, stem formation, derivation of ideophones, voicing alternation, honorifics, reduplication, combining form, semi-bound morpheme, reduplication, syllable harmony, information density

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