Abstract and Keywords
The chapter deals with Turkic, Mongolic, and Tungusic languages, which show a similar typological profile and are often termed “Altaic” or “Micro-Altaic.” It provides a general overview of the most important derivational processes in Altaic that affect the major grammatical classes of nouns, adjectives, and verbs. The most common derivational process is (category-changing and category-preserving) suffixation, that is, most bound morphemes follow the root, although there are some rare instances of prefixation. Other derivational processes are compounding, conversion, and (rarely) reduplication, whereas non-concatenative morphology is overall not typical. The chapter also provides a case study of the proprietive adjectives. In Altaic they represent the so-called “mixed categories”: they exhibit properties of more than one part of speech, namely, adjectives and nouns, and are derived by a morphological process which is difficult to characterize in terms of the strict dichotomy between inflection and derivation.
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