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date: 21 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter provides a survey of derivational processes in Uralic; predominantly suffixing. The most salient derivational patterns in Finnish, Mordvin, Mari, Permic, Hungarian, and Nenets are discussed in some detail. Multifunctional suffixes are frequent, occurring mostly with nouns and adjectives. Deverbal suffixes are more varied than denominal suffixes and denominal suffixes are richer than deadjectival suffixes. Throughout Uralic the following functions of derivation are well represented: deverbal agent and action nouns, deverbal verbs, denominal or deadjectival causative or translative verbs, deadjectival (abstract) nouns and denominal relational and privative adjectives, diminutive noun derivation. Adverbs are distinct from adjectives.The boundary between nouns and adjectives is not clear-cut. In some cases the relationship between two categories may be analyzed as conversion. Reduplication is not typical but may occur (in Hungarian particle reduplication, in Permic and Mari the repetition of whole words). Back-formation, blending, and clipping are not characteristic features of Uralic.

Keywords: nominal, adjectival, verbal, adverbial derivation, conversion, Finnish, Mordvin, Mari, Permic, ungarian, Nenets

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