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date: 24 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter addresses aspects of derivation and historical change.It focuses on the rise of affixes and tackles four questions: (1) Where does derivational morphology come from? (2) Are there general developmental stages that must be assumed for all derivational items? (3) What is the trigger for the development of derivational items? (4) Does the lexical semantics of derivational items determine the product of derivation? In the introduction, the different ways in which affixes arise in a language are discussed. In Section 22.2 the history of English prefixes and suffixes is traced by taking a closer look at Old English, Middle English, and Early Modern English. Section 22.3 provides an overview of the literature on the rise of prefixes and suffixes in English and considers three examples: the development of prefix be , the rise of suffixes hood, dom, and ship, and the integration of French able into the English word-formation inventory

Keywords: morphological change, history of English, prefixes, suffixes, lexical semantics, language contact, stem-based morphology, word-based morphology

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