- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Derivational Morphology
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- Introduction: The Scope of the Handbook
- Delineating Derivation and Inflection
- Delineating Derivation and Compounding
- Theoretical Approaches to Derivation
- Productivity, Blocking, and Lexicalization
- Methodological Issues in Studying Derivation
- Experimental and Psycholinguistic Approaches
- Concatenative Derivation
- Non-Concatenative Derivation: Reduplication
- Non-Concatenative Derivation: Other Processes
- Nominal Derivation
- Verbal Derivation
- Adjectival and Adverbial Derivation
- Evaluative Derivation
- Derivation and Function Words
- Polysemy in Derivation
- Derivational Paradigms
- Affix Ordering in Derivation
- Derivation and Historical Change
- Derivation in a Social Context
- Acquisition of Derivational Morphology
- Areal Tendencies in Derivation
- Universals in Derivation
- Language Index
- Name Index
- Subject Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter concerns factors influencing the order in which derivational affixes may attach to a word and reviews proposals that have been made to account for affix ordering in the world’s languages. There are a variety of factors which appear to influence affix-ordering each of which can be observed across multiple languages. However, as argued by Manova and Aronoff (2010), while there are observable cross-linguistic tendencies, there is certainly no existing recipe of factors that can be shown to dictate all languages’ affix-ordering behaviurs. The object of study is inherently different across different languages due to the frequency and productivity distributions of the affixes, the semantic notions expressed by them, the factors that lend themselves to parsing affixes in speech perception, the statistical (ir)regularities, and the degree of semantic and phonological transparency. Different languages their own solutions to the problem of balancing these tensions and establishing an “optimal” affix order.
Pauliina Saarinen is a PhD candidate in Linguistics at the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand. She is also affiliated with the New Zealand Institute of Language, Brain and Behavior (NZILBB), a multi-disciplinary research institute located at the University of Canterbury. Pauliina’s PhD research focusses on the production and perception of consonant duration in Finnish morphological paradigms.
Jennifer Hay is Associate Professor of Linguistics at the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand and a member of the New Zealand Institute of Language, Brain & Behavior. Her fields of research include morphology, phonetics, sociolinguistics, laboratory phonology, sociophonetics and New Zealand English. She is the author of Causes and Consequences of Word Structure (Routledge, 2003), and co-author of Probabilistic Linguistics (MIT Press, 2003), New Zealand English: Its Origins and Evolution (CUP, 2004), and New Zealand English (Edinburg University Press, in press).
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