Abstract and Keywords
The chapter on evaluative derivation is introduced by a brief history of evaluative morphology. The author delineates various approaches to the field starting with Scalise, the “father” of evaluative morphology, ending with the latest developments. She focuses on the description of processes typical of evaluative morphology, concentrating on evaluative derivation in six linguistic macro areas (Africa, North America, South America, Eurasia, South-east Asia+Oceania and Australia+New Guinea. In addition, the primary focus is on the derivation of diminutives and augmentatives in Standard Average European languages. The most productive evaluative derivational processes (suffixation, prefixation, compounding, reduplication, but also stem alternation and change of paradigm) are described and illustrated by examples from world languages. Since word-formation processes in evaluative morphology are often accompanied by certain phonological changes, especially in the process of diminutivization, a special chapter is devoted to them. The final subsection lists the most important studies in the field.
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