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date: 04 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter deals with allomorphy, defined as a situation in which a single lexical item, meaning, function, or morphosyntactic category has two or more different phonological realizations depending on context. Given the theme of the volume, this chapter focuses on allomorphy in derivational affixes. As discussed in the chapter, the contexts that condition allomorphy may involve phonological, morphosyntactic, and/or lexical factors. Of particular interest is the fact that there is evidence for two different types of phonologically conditioned allomorphy; this poses a significant analytical challenge. The chapter lays out a particular view of the types of allomorphy, providing multiple examples of each, and considers theoretical questions involving the inflection/derivation divide, the usefulness of the concepts “morpheme” and “morphome,” and the directionality of conditions on allomorph selection.

Keywords: allomorphy, suppletion, morpheme, morphome, subcategorization, phonology, directionality

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