Abstract and Keywords
This chapter offers a typological overview of non-concatenative morphology (excluding reduplication). Such phenomena are instantiated when morphological exponence is expressed by means other than additive phonemic content to a base form. In considering a typological categorization of non-concatenative morphology, we make a division between two distinct types: templatic and a-templatic. In the type of templatic morphology found most commonly in Semitic languages, morphological exponence of a category is expressed by an invariant prosodic shape. A second type of templatic morphology found in many languages is instantiated when a concatenative affix imposes a templatic subcategorization requirement on the base to which it attaches. Section 12.2 of this chapter presents a variety of examples that distinguishes between these two types. Section 12.3 provides a range of a-templatic non-concatenative morphological phenomena that include subtractive morphology, moraic augmentation, and autosegmental affixation. Section 12.4 concludes by considering some theoretical issues related to non-concatentaive morphology.
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